Oscar Directors: Joffe, Roland–Background, Career, Awards, Filmography

September 30, 2020

Roland Joffe Career Summation

Occupational Inheritance:

Nationality:

Social Class:

Race/Ethnicity:

Family:

Formal Education:

Training:

First Film:

Breakthrough:

First Oscar Nomination: Killing Fields, 1984; aged 39

Gap between First Film and First Nom:

Other Oscars:

Other Oscar Nominations:

Oscar Awards:

Nominations Span:

Genre (specialties):

Scandal: The Mission

Collaborators:

Last Film:

Contract:

Career Length:

Career Output:

Marriage:

Politics:

Death:

Roland Joffé (born 17 November 1945) is a British director and producer of film and television, known for the Academy Award-winning films The Killing Fields and The Mission. He began his career in television, his early credits including episodes of Coronation Street and an adaptation of The Stars Look Down for Granada. He gained a reputation for hard-hitting political stories with the series Bill Brand and factual dramas for Play for Today.

Joffé was educated at two independent schools: the Lycée français Charles de Gaulle in London, and Carmel College in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, which was Europe’s only Jewish boarding school, until it closed in 1997. He completed his formal education at the University of Manchester.

After university, Joffé joined Granada Television as a trainee director in 1973, where he directed episodes of Coronation Street,[1][2] Sam,[2] The Stars Look Down,[2] Crown Court,[2] Bill Brand,[2] and Headmaster.[2]

In 1977, producer Tony Garnett was commissioned by the BBC to direct the play The Spongers within BBCs Play for Today series. He informed the BBC drama department that he wanted to hire Roland Joffé as director, but was told that Joffé did not possess BBC clearance and was regarded a “security risk”.[3] The reason was that Joffé had attended some Workers’ Revolutionary Party meetings in the early 1970s,[4] although he never became a party member. He explained around 1988: “I was very interested in politics at that time. But I was interested in what all the political parties were doing, not just the WRP, and I was never actively involved.”[5] Only after Garnett threatened he would “go public”, was the veto on Joffé’s appointment withdrawn.[5] The Spongers won the prestigious Prix Italia award.

Joffé also directed an episode in BBC’s Second City Firsts in 1977[2] and later directed two more plays for Play for Today: The Legion Hall Bombing (1979) and United Kingdom (1981).[2] In 1979, he directed the TV play No, Mama, No by Verity Bargate for the ITV Playhouse series,[2] and in 1980 he made a version of 17th century dramatist John Ford’s play ‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore as a TV film for the BBC.[2]

Film director
Roland Joffé’s first two feature films (The Killing Fields, 1984, and The Mission, 1986) each garnered him an Academy Award nomination for Best Director. Joffé worked closely with producer David Puttnam on each film. The Killing Fields detailed the friendship of two men, an American journalist for The New York Times, and his translator, a prisoner of the Khmer Rouge in Communist Cambodia. It won three Academy Awards (for Best Supporting Actor, Best Cinematography, and Best Film Editing) and was nominated for four more (including Best Picture and Best Director). The Mission was a story of conflict between Jesuit missionaries in South America, who were trying to convert the Guaraní Indians, and the Portuguese and Spanish colonisers, who wanted to enslave the natives. In an interview with Thomas Bird, Joffé says of The Mission, “The Indians are innocent. The film is about what happens in the world . . . what that innocence brings out in us. You would sit in a cinema in New York, or in Tokyo, or Paris, and for that point of time you would be joined with your companions on this planet. You would come out with a real sense of a network.”.[6] The film won the Palme d’Or and Technical Grand Jury Prize at the 1986 Cannes Film Festival. It achieved six Academy Awards nominations—including for Best Picture, Best Director, and Ennio Morricone’s acclaimed Best Original Score—and won one, for Best Cinematography.

Since his initial acclaim, Joffé’s film career has been less successful. In 1993, he produced and partially directed a big budget adaptation of the video game Super Mario Bros.. The film struggled to make back its budget. His 1995 adaptation of The Scarlet Letter was a critical and financial disaster, and his 2007 horror film Captivity drew controversy with its advertising billboards, widely regarded as exploitative and misogynistic. He received Razzie Nominations for Worst Director for The Scarlet Letter and Captivity.

His 2011 release, There Be Dragons, garnered press attention as it dealt with the Catholic organisation Opus Dei.[7][8] A movie about faith and forgiveness, There Be Dragons is a project that Joffé says has a message he’s proud to say on film. In an interview with CBN.com, he stated, “I have a very deep emotional investment in this film. I feel that I really want to stand behind what it says to us as human beings.”[9]

In 2013 Joffé directed the Anglo-Indian historical epic romance time travel adventure film, The Lovers.

Personal life
Joffé is of Jewish descent but has described himself as a “wobbly agnostic”.[10] He is not related to the French film director Arthur Joffé, as is often wrongly stated.

Joffé was married to actress Jane Lapotaire; they have a son, screenwriter and director Rowan Joffé (b. 1973). Later, he and actress Cherie Lunghi were in a longterm relationship;[11][12] they have a daughter, actor Nathalie Lunghi (b. 1986).

Joffé is a board member of the nonprofit organization Operation USA. He was the official patron of the 2011 Cambodia Volleyball World Cup held from 23 to 29 July at the National Olympic Stadium Phnom Penh.[13] Roland Joffé lives in the island of Malta and is an active member of the team organising the Valletta Film Festival.

Filmography
Television
Coronation Street (1973–1974, 4 episodes)
Sam (1974–1975, 4 episodes)
The Stars Look Down (1975) (6 episodes)
Crown Court (1976, 4 episodes)
Bill Brand (1976, 5 episodes)
Headmaster (1977, 3 episodes)
Second City Firsts (1977, 1 episode)
The Spongers (1978)
The Legion Hall Bombing (1978, uncredited)
No, Mama, No (1979)
Tis Pity She’s a Whore (1980)
United Kingdom (1981)
Undressed (2002, 1 episode)
Texas Rising (2015) (all 5 episodes)
Sun Records (2017) (all 8 episodes)
Film
The Killing Fields (1984)
The Mission (1986)
Fat Man and Little Boy (1989)
City of Joy (1992)
Super Mario Bros. (uncredited, 1993)
The Scarlet Letter (1995)
Goodbye Lover (1998)
Vatel (2000)
Captivity (2007)
You and I (2008)
There Be Dragons (2011)
The Lovers (2013)
The Forgiven (2017)
Awards and nominations
Academy Awards:

1985: Best Director (The Killing Fields, nominated)
1987: Best Director (The Mission, nominated)
British Academy Film Awards:

1985: Best Direction (The Killing Fields, nominated)
1987: Best Direction (The Mission, nominated)
1987: Best Film (The Mission, nominated)
Berlin International Film Festival:

1990: Golden Bear (Fat Man and Little Boy, nominated)
Cannes Film Festival:

1986: Golden Palm (The Mission, won)
1986: Technical Grand Prize (The Mission, won)
Golden Globes:

1985: Best Director (The Killing Fields, nominated)
1987: Best Director (The Mission, nominated)
Golden Raspberry Awards:

1996: Worst Picture (The Scarlet Letter, nominated)
1996: Worst Remake Or Sequel (The Scarlet Letter, won)
1996: Worst Director (The Scarlet Letter, nominated)
2008: Worst Director (Captivity, nominated)

Prix Italia:

1978: The Spongers