Oscar Actors: Massey, Raymond–Background, Career, Awards (Cumulative Advantage)

Updated: May 1, 2023
Raymond Massey Career Summary:

Occupational Inheritance: No

Nationality: Canadian

Social Class: Upper-middle, father, wealthy owner of Massey-Harris Tractor Company; grandfather, buisnessman



Education: Balliol College, Oxford; University of Toronto


Teacher/Inspirational Figure:

Radio Debut:

TV Debut:

Stage Debut:

Broadway Debut:

Film Debut: High Treason (1928); aged 32

Breakthrough Role: The Hurricane, 1937; age 42

Popular Role: East of Eden, 1955, as James Dean’s father

Oscar Role:

Other Noms: Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940); aged 45

Other Awards:

Frequent Collaborator:

Screen Image: lead and character actor

Last Film:

Career Output:

Film Career Span: 1928-1973; 45 years

Marriage: 3, including actress; son, Daniel, actor (Oscar nominee)

Politics: US citizen in 1944; Republican

Death: pneumonia 1983; aged 86

Raymond Massey (August 30, 1896–July 29, 1983) was a Canadian actor, known for his commanding, stage-trained voice.

For his lead role in Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940), Massey was nominated for the Best Actor Oscar.

My Oscar Book:

Among his well-known roles were Dr Gillespie in the NBC television series Dr. Kildare (1961–1966), Abraham Farlan in A Matter of Life and Death, and Jonathan Brewster in Arsenic and Old Lace (1944).

Massey was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Anna (née Vincent), who was American-born, and Chester Daniel Massey, the wealthy owner of the Massey-Harris Tractor Company. He was the grandson of businessman Hart Massey and great-grandson of founder Daniel Massey.

His branch of the Massey family emigrated to Canada from New England a few years before the War of 1812, their ancestors having migrated from England to the Massachusetts colony in the 1630s.

He attended secondary school briefly at Upper Canada College in Toronto, Ontario before transferring after 2 years to Appleby College in Oakville, Ontario, and taking several courses at the University of Toronto, where he was an active member of the Kappa Alpha Society.

Massey joined the Canadian Army at the outbreak of World War I, and served on the Western Front in the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery.

Lieutenant Massey returned to Canada after being wounded at Zillebeke in Belgium during the Battle of Mont Sorrel in 1916 and was engaged as an army instructor for American officers at Yale University.

In 1918, he was recalled to active service and joined the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force that went to Siberia during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. He organized a minstrel show troupe with himself as end man in blackface to bolster morale of allied troops on occupation duty in Vladivostok.

After returning home in 1919, he graduated from Balliol College, Oxford. He later went to work in the family business, selling farm implements, but he was drawn to the theater.

He persuaded his reluctant family to allow him to pursue this career.

In 1942, during World War II, Massey rejoined the Canadian Army and served as a major in the adjutant general’s branch. After being wounded, he was invalided from the Canadian Army in 1943. He became an American citizen in 1944.

He first appeared on the London stage in 1922 in Eugene O’Neill’s In the Zone.

He performed in over 80 plays, including Pygmalion with Gertrude Lawrence; Ethan Fromme with Ruth Gordon; and the George Bernard Shaw works The Doctor’s Dilemma and Candida with Katharine Cornell. In 1929, he directed the London premiere of The Silver Tassie. He received poor reviews in his debut on Broadway in an unorthodox 1931 production of Hamlet.

His first movie was High Treason (1928).

In 1931, he played Sherlock Holmes in The Speckled Band, the first sound film version of the story.

In 1934, he played the villain in The Scarlet Pimpernel, and in 1936, he starred in Things to Come, a film adaptation by H.G. Wells of his own speculative novel The Shape of Things to Come (1933). In 1944, Massey played the district attorney in Fritz Lang’s classic film noir The Woman in the Window, which starred Edward G. Robinson and Joan Bennett. He portrayed the American Revolutionary War character Abraham Farlan, who hated the British for making him a casualty of that war, in the 1946 film A Matter of Life and Death (titled Stairway to Heaven in the U.S.)

Despite being Canadian, Massey became famous for playing archetypal American figures.

He played abolitionist-insurrectionist John Brown in two films: Santa Fe Trail (1940) and again in the low-budget Seven Angry Men (1955).  Brown’s character is wild-eyed lunatic in Santa Fe Trail, whereas he is well-intentioned but misguided character in the sympathetic Seven Angry Men.

Massey scored a great triumph on Broadway in Robert E. Sherwood’s Pulitzer Prize-winning play Abe Lincoln in Illinois despite reservations about Lincoln’s being portrayed by a Canadian.

Typecast as President Abe Lincoln

He repeated his stage role in the 1940 film version, for which he was nominated for Best Actor Oscar.

Massey again portrayed Lincoln in The Day Lincoln Was Shot on Ford Star Jubilee (1956), a silent appearance in How the West Was Won (1962), and two TV adaptations of Abe Lincoln in Illinois broadcast in 1950 and 1951.

He once complained jokingly that he was “the only actor ever typecast as a president.” His preparation for the role was so detailed and obsessive that one person commented that Massey would not be satisfied with his Lincoln impersonation until someone assassinated him.

On stage in a dramatic reading of Stephen Vincent Benét’s John Brown’s Body (1953), Massey, in addition to narrating along with Tyrone Power and Judith Anderson, took on the roles of both John Brown and Lincoln.

Massey played Canadian on-screen only once, in 49th Parallel (1941).

During World War II, he teamed up with Katharine Cornell and other leading actors in a revival of Shaw’s Candida to benefit the Army Emergency Fund and the Navy Relief Society.

Massey portrayed Jonathan Brewster in the film version of Arsenic and Old Lace. The character had been created by Boris Karloff for the stage version, and a running gag in the play and the film was the character’s resemblance to Karloff.

Even though the film was released in 1944, it was shot in 1941, at which time Karloff still was contracted to the Broadway play and could not be released for the filming (unlike costars Josephine Hull, Jean Adair and John Alexander).

Massey and Karloff had appeared together in James Whale’s suspense film The Old Dark House (1932).

After Massey became US citizen, he continued to work in Hollywood.

Memorable film roles included the husband of Joan Crawford during her Oscar-nominated role in Possessed (1947) and the doomed publishing tycoon Gail Wynand in The Fountainhead (1949), with Patricia Neal and Gary Cooper.

In 1955, he starred in East of Eden as Adam Trask, father of Cal, played by James Dean, and Aron, played by Richard Davalos.

Massey became well known on TV in the 1950s and 1960s. He was cast in 1960 as Sir Oliver Garnett in the episode “Trunk Full of Dreams” of the NBC series Riverboat.

Massey is remembered as Dr. Gillespie in the popular 1961–1966 NBC series Dr. Kildare, with Richard Chamberlain in the title role.

Massey and his son Daniel were cast as father and son in The Queen’s Guards (1961).

Massey was married three times.

Margery Fremantle from 1921 to 1929 (divorce); they had one child, architect Geoffrey Massey.

He was married to Adrianne Allen, stage actress in London and on Broadway, from 1929 to 1939. They had two children who followed them into acting: Anna Massey and Daniel Massey.

His third wife was Dorothy Whitney, from 1939 until her death in 1982.

His high-profile estrangement and divorce from Adrianne Allen was the inspiration for Ruth Gordon’s and Garson Kanin’s script for the film Adam’s Rib (1949), starring Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy.

Massey married the lawyer who represented him in court, Dorothy Whitney, while his then wife Allen married the opposing lawyer, William Dwight Whitney.

Massey’s older brother, Vincent Massey, was the first Canadian-born governor general of Canada. Massey also dabbled in politics, appearing in 1964 TV advertisement in support of the conservative Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater. Massey denounced U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson for a “no-win” strategy in the Vietnam War, suggesting that Goldwater would pursue aggressive strategy and win the war quickly.

Massey died of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California on July 29, 1983, a month before he would have turned 87.

His death came on the same day as that of David Niven, with whom he had co-starred in The Prisoner of Zenda and A Matter of Life and Death.

Massey is buried in New Haven, Connecticut’s Beaverdale Memorial Park.

Massey has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for films at 1719 Vine Street and one for television at 6708 Hollywood Boulevard.

His achievements have been recognized in a signature cocktail, the Raymond Massey.


1928 High Treason Member of Federated States Council Uncredited
1929 The Crooked Billet Undetermined role Uncredited
1931 The Speckled Band Sherlock Holmes
1932 The Face at the Window Paul le Gros
The Old Dark House Philip Waverton
1934 The Scarlet Pimpernel Citizen Chauvelin
1936 Things to Come John Cabal / Oswald Cabal
1937 Fire Over England Philip II of Spain
Dreaming Lips Miguel del Vayo
Under the Red Robe Cardinal Richelieu
The Prisoner of Zenda Black Michael
The Hurricane Governor Eugene De Laage
1938 The Drum Prince Ghul
Black Limelight Peter Charrington
1940 Abe Lincoln in Illinois Abraham Lincoln Nominated for Best Actor
Santa Fe Trail John Brown
1941 49th Parallel Andy Brock
Dangerously They Live Dr. Ingersoll
1942 Reap the Wild Wind, King Cutler
Desperate Journey Major Otto Baumeister
1943 Action in the North Atlantic Capt. Steve Jarvis
1944 Arsenic and Old Lace Jonathan Brewster
The Woman in the Window Dist. Atty. Frank Lalor
1945 Hotel Berlin Arnim von Dahnwitz
God Is My Co-Pilot Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault
1946 A Matter of Life and Death Abraham Farlan
1947 Possessed Dean Graham
Mourning Becomes Electra Brig. Gen. Ezra Mannon
1949 The Fountainhead Gail Wynand
Roseanna McCoy Old Randall McCoy
1950 Chain Lightning Leland Willis
Barricade Boss Kruger
Dallas Will Marlow
1951 Sugarfoot Jacob Stint
David and Bathsheba Nathan
Come Fill the Cup John Ives
1952 Carson City A. J. “Big” Jack Davis
1953 The Desert Song Sheik Yousseff
1955 Prince of Players Junius Brutus Booth
Battle Cry Maj. Gen. Snipes
East of Eden Adam Trask
Seven Angry Men John Brown
1957 Omar Khayyam The Shah
1958 The Naked and the Dead Gen. Cummings

1959 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Colonel Archie Dittman Season 5, episode 11, “Road Hog”
1960 Wagon Train Montezuma IX Season 4, episode 6, “Princess of a Lost Tribe”
1961 The Great Impostor Abbott Donner
The Fiercest Heart Willem Prinsloo
The Queen’s Guards Capt. Fellowes
1961–1966 Dr. Kildare Dr. Leonard Gillespie
1962 How the West Was Won Abraham Lincoln
1969 Mackenna’s Gold The Preacher
1971–1972 Night Gallery Colonel Archie Dittman
Doctor Glendon Season 1, episode 4, second segment: “Clean Kills and Other Trophies”
Season 3, episode 4: “Rare Objects”
1972 All My Darling Daughters Matthew Cunningham TV Movie
1973 The President’s Plane Is Missing Secretary of State Freeman Sharkey

TV movie

My Darling Daughters’ Anniversary Matthew Cunningham TV MovieRadio appearances

Year Program Episode/source
1941 Philip Morris Playhouse Wuthering Heights[16]
1942 Philip Morris Playhouse The Man Who Played God [17]
1944 The Doctor Fights Narrator
1945 Inner Sanctum Mystery Death Across the Board[18]
1952 Cavalcade of America With Malice Towards None[19]
1952 The Endless Frontier Only One to a Customer[20]


xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosokeonhacaiketquabongdalichthidau7m.newskqbdtysokeobongdabongdalufutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbsport.fitonbet88.oooi9bet.bizhi88.ooookvip.atf8bet.atfb88.cashvn88.cashshbet.atbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩa开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育亚新体育亚新体育亚新体育爱游戏爱游戏爱游戏华体会华体会华体会IM体育IM体育沙巴体育沙巴体育PM体育PM体育AG尊龙AG尊龙AG尊龙AG百家乐AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人<AG真人<皇冠体育皇冠体育PG电子PG电子万博体育万博体育KOK体育KOK体育欧宝体育江南体育江南体育江南体育半岛体育半岛体育半岛体育凯发娱乐凯发娱乐杏彩体育杏彩体育杏彩体育FB体育PM真人PM真人<米乐娱乐米乐娱乐天博体育天博体育开元棋牌开元棋牌j9九游会j9九游会开云体育AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88