Oscar Actors: Ford, Harrison–Background, Career, Awards

December 15, 2020
Harrison Ford Career Summary:

Occupational Inheritance: Yes

Social Class: mother, former radio actress Dorothy and ad executive and former actor

Race/Ethnicity/Religion

Family:

Education:

Training:

Teacher/Inspirational Figure:

Radio Debut:

TV Debut:

Stage Debut:

Broadway Debut:

Film Debut:

Breakthrough Role:

Oscar Role:

Other Noms:

Other Awards:

Frequent Collaborator:

Screen Image: character actor

Last Film:

Career Output:

Film Career Span:

Marriage:

Politics:

Death:

 

Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor, pilot, and environmental activist. As of 2019, the U.S. domestic box office grosses of his films total over $5.1 billion, with worldwide grosses surpassing $9.3 billion,[1] placing him at No. 4 on the list of highest-grossing domestic box office stars of all time.[2] In addition to his box office success, he is also an Academy Award nominee, a four-time Golden Globe nominee, a two-time Saturn Award winner, and the recipient of the AFI Life Achievement Award and the Cecil B. DeMille Award.

Following the initial part of his career in bit parts and supporting roles, Ford gained worldwide fame for his starring role as Han Solo in the epic space opera film Star Wars (1977), reprising the role in four sequels over the course of the next 42 years. He is also widely known for his portrayal of Indiana Jones in the titular film franchise, beginning with the action-adventure film Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), and for playing other characters in different franchises, most notably Rick Deckard in the dystopian science fiction films Blade Runner (1982) and Blade Runner 2049 (2017) and the Tom Clancy character Jack Ryan in the spy thriller films Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994). His career spans six decades and includes collaborations with some of the most acclaimed and influential filmmakers of all time such as George Lucas, Francis Ford Coppola, Steven Spielberg, Ridley Scott, Peter Weir, Roman Polanski and Mike Nichols.

Outside of his franchise roles, Ford has portrayed heroic characters in other films such as the thrillers Witness (1985), The Fugitive (1993), and Air Force One (1997), as well as the historical sports drama 42 (2013). In addition to his heroic roles, he played morally ambiguous and darker characters in films such as the coming-of-age comedy drama American Graffiti (1973), the conspiracy thriller The Conversation (1974), the survival drama The Mosquito Coast (1986), the legal drama Presumed Innocent (1990), and the supernatural suspense thriller What Lies Beneath (2000). Ford has also appeared in several romantic comedies and dramas throughout his career, including Heroes (1977), Working Girl (1988), Sabrina (1995), Six Days, Seven Nights (1998), Random Hearts (1999), Morning Glory (2010), and The Age of Adaline (2015).

Harrison Ford was born at the Swedish Covenant Hospital in Chicago, Illinois,[3] on July 13, 1942,[4] the son of former radio actress Dorothy (née Nidelman) and advertising executive and former actor John William “Christopher” Ford.[5][6] His younger brother, Terence, was born in 1945.[7] His father was a Catholic of German and Irish descent,[5] while his mother was an Ashkenazi Jew and the daughter of Belarusian immigrants from Minsk.[5][8][9][10][11] When asked in which religion he and his brother were raised, Ford jokingly responded “Democrat”[12] and more seriously stated that they were raised to be “liberals of every stripe”.[13] When asked about what influence his Jewish and Irish Catholic ancestry may have had on him, he quipped, “As a man I’ve always felt Irish, as an actor I’ve always felt Jewish.”[14][15][16]

Ford was a Boy Scout, achieving the second-highest rank of Life Scout. He worked at Napowan Adventure Base Scout Camp as a counselor for the Reptile Study merit badge. Because of this, he and director Steven Spielberg later decided to depict the young Indiana Jones as a Life Scout in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). Ford graduated in 1960 from Maine East High School in Park Ridge, Illinois. His voice was the first student voice broadcast on his high school’s new radio station, WMTH,[15] and he was its first sportscaster during his senior year. He attended Ripon College in Ripon, Wisconsin,[15] where he was a philosophy major and a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity. A self-described “late bloomer”,[17] Ford took a drama class in the final quarter of his senior year to get over his shyness and became fascinated with acting.[18][19]

Career
1964–1976
In 1964, after a season of summer stock with the Belfry Players in Wisconsin,[20] Ford traveled to Los Angeles to apply for a job in radio voice-overs. He did not get it, but stayed in California and eventually signed a $150-per-week contract with Columbia Pictures’ new talent program, playing bit roles in films. His first known role was an uncredited one as a bellhop in Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round (1966). There is little record of his non-speaking (or “extra”) roles in film. Ford was at the bottom of the hiring list, having offended producer Jerry Tokovsky after he played a bellboy in the feature. He was told by Tokovsky that when actor Tony Curtis delivered a bag of groceries, he did it like a movie star; Ford felt his job was to act like a bellboy.[21]

His speaking roles continued next with Luv (1967), though he was still uncredited. He was finally credited as “Harrison J. Ford” in the 1967 Western film A Time for Killing, starring Glenn Ford, George Hamilton and Inger Stevens, but the “J” did not stand for anything since he has no middle name. It was added to avoid confusion with a silent film actor named Harrison Ford, who appeared in more than 80 films between 1915 and 1932 and died in 1957. Ford later said that he was unaware of the existence of the earlier actor until he came upon a star with his own name on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Ford soon dropped the “J” and worked for Universal Studios, playing minor roles in many television series throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, including Gunsmoke, Ironside, The Virginian, The F.B.I., Love, American Style and Kung Fu. He appeared in the western Journey to Shiloh (1968) and had an uncredited, non-speaking role in Michelangelo Antonioni’s 1970 film Zabriskie Point as an arrested student protester. French filmmaker Jacques Demy chose Ford for the lead role of his first American film, Model Shop (1969), but the head of Columbia Pictures thought Ford had “no future” in the film business and told Demy to hire a more experienced actor. The part eventually went to Gary Lockwood. Ford later commented that the experience had been nevertheless a positive one because Demy was the first to show such faith in him.[22][23]

Not happy with the roles being offered to him, Ford became a self-taught professional carpenter[15] to support his then-wife and two young sons. Casting director and fledgling producer Fred Roos championed the young Ford and secured him an audition with George Lucas for the role of Bob Falfa, which Ford went on to play in American Graffiti (1973).[15] Ford’s relationship with Lucas would profoundly affect his career later on. After director Francis Ford Coppola’s film The Godfather was a success, he hired Ford to expand his office and gave him small roles in his next two films, The Conversation (1974) and Apocalypse Now (1979); in the latter film, Ford played an army officer named “G. Lucas”.

1977–1997
Ford began to receive bigger roles in films throughout the late 1970s, including Heroes (1977), Force 10 from Navarone (1978) and Hanover Street (1979). Ford also co-starred alongside Gene Wilder in the buddy-comedy western The Frisco Kid (1979), playing a bank robber with a heart of gold. His previous work in American Graffiti eventually landed him his first starring film role when he was hired by Lucas to read lines for actors auditioning for roles in Lucas’ upcoming epic space-opera film Star Wars (1977). Lucas was eventually won over by Ford’s performance during these line reads and cast him as Han Solo.[24] Star Wars became one of the most successful and groundbreaking films of all time, and brought Ford, and his co-stars Mark Hamill and Carrie Fisher, widespread recognition. He returned to star in the similarly successful Star Wars sequels The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983), as well as the Star Wars Holiday Special (1978). Ford wanted Lucas to kill off Han Solo at the end of Return of the Jedi, saying, “That would have given the whole film a bottom,” but Lucas refused.[25]

Ford with Chandran Rutnam on the set of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom in Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1983
Ford’s status as a leading actor was solidified with Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), an action-adventure collaboration between George Lucas and Steven Spielberg that gave Ford his second franchise role as the heroic, globe-trotting archaeologist Indiana Jones. Like Star Wars, the film was massively successful and became the highest-grossing film of the year. Spielberg was interested in casting Ford from the beginning, but Lucas was not, having already worked with the actor in American Graffiti and Star Wars. Lucas eventually relented after Tom Selleck was unable to accept.[26] Ford went on to reprise the role throughout the rest of the decade in the prequel Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984), which co-starred Spielberg’s future-wife Kate Capshaw, and the sequel Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), which co-starred Sean Connery as Indy’s father, Henry Jones Sr. During the June 1983 filming of Temple of Doom in London, Ford herniated a disc in his back. The 40-year-old actor was forced to fly back to Los Angeles for surgery and returned six weeks later.[27]

Following his leading-man success as Indiana Jones, he played Rick Deckard in Ridley Scott’s dystopian science-fiction film Blade Runner (1982). Compared to his experiences on the Star Wars and Indiana Jones films, Ford had a difficult time with the production. He recalled to Vanity Fair, “It was a long slog. I didn’t really find it that physically difficult—I thought it was mentally difficult.” Ford and Scott also had differing views on the nature of his character, Deckard, that persist decades later.[28] While not initially a success, Blade Runner went on to become a cult classic and one of Ford’s most highly regarded films.[29] Ford also proved his versatility throughout the 1980s with dramatic parts in films such as Witness (1985), The Mosquito Coast (1986), and Frantic (1988) as well as the romantic male lead opposite Melanie Griffith and Sigourney Weaver in the comedy-drama Working Girl (1988). Witness and The Mosquito Coast in particular allowed Ford to explore his potential as a dramatic actor and both performances were widely acclaimed.[30][31] Ford would later recall that working with director Peter Weir on both Witness and The Mosquito Coast were two of the best experiences of his career.[32]

In the 1990s, Ford became the second of five actors to portray Jack Ryan in two films of the film series based on the literary character created by Tom Clancy: Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994), both co-starring Anne Archer and James Earl Jones. Ford took over the role from Alec Baldwin who had previously played the character in The Hunt for Red October (1990). This led to a long-lasting resentment from Baldwin who claimed to have wanted to reprise the role but Ford had negotiated with Paramount behind his back.[33] Ford also played leading roles in other action-based thrillers throughout the decade such as the critically acclaimed The Fugitive (1993),[34] The Devil’s Own (1997), and Air Force One (1997). For his performance in The Fugitive, which also co-starred Tommy Lee Jones, Ford received some of the best reviews of his career, including from Roger Ebert who concluded that, “Ford is once again the great modern movie everyman. As an actor, nothing he does seems merely for show, and in the face of this melodramatic material he deliberately plays down, lays low, gets on with business instead of trying to exploit the drama in meaningless acting flourishes.”[35] He also played more straight dramatic roles in Presumed Innocent (1990) and Regarding Henry (1991) as well as another romantic lead in Sabrina (1995), a remake of a classic 1954 film with the same name.

Ford established working relationships with many well-regarded directors during this time, including Peter Weir, Alan J. Pakula, Mike Nichols, Phillip Noyce, and Sydney Pollack, collaborating twice with each of them. This was the most lucrative period of Ford’s career. From 1977 to 1997, he appeared in fourteen films that reached the top fifteen in the yearly domestic box office rankings, twelve of which reached the top ten.[36] Six of the films he appeared in during this time were also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture amongst numerous other awards: Star Wars, Apocalypse Now, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Witness, Working Girl, and The Fugitive.

1998–2014
In the late 1990s, Ford started appearing in several critically derided and/or commercially disappointing films that failed to match his earlier successes, including Six Days, Seven Nights (1998), Random Hearts (1999), K-19: The Widowmaker (2002), Hollywood Homicide (2003), Firewall (2006) and Extraordinary Measures (2010). One exception was What Lies Beneath (2000) which grossed over $155 million in the United States and $291 million worldwide.[37] Ford served as an executive producer on K-19: The Widowmaker and Extraordinary Measures, both of which were based on true events. In the 2001 Guinness Book of World Records, Ford was listed as the richest male actor in the world.[38]

In 2004, Ford declined a chance to star in the thriller Syriana, later commenting that “I didn’t feel strongly enough about the truth of the material and I think I made a mistake.”[39] The role eventually went to George Clooney, who won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his work. Prior to that, Ford had passed on a role in another Stephen Gaghan-written film, that of Robert Wakefield in Traffic, which eventually went to Michael Douglas.

Ford at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival
In 2008, Ford enjoyed success with the release of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, the first Indiana Jones film in nineteen years and another collaboration with Lucas and Spielberg. The film received generally positive reviews and was the second highest-grossing film worldwide in 2008.[40] Ford later said he would like to star in another sequel, “…if it didn’t take another 20 years to digest.”[41]

Other 2008 work included Crossing Over, directed by Wayne Kramer. In the film, Ford plays an ICE/Homeland Security Investigations Special Agent, working alongside Ashley Judd and Ray Liotta. He also narrated a feature documentary film about the Dalai Lama entitled Dalai Lama Renaissance.[42] Ford filmed the medical drama Extraordinary Measures in 2009 in Portland, Oregon.[43] Released January 22, 2010, the film also starred Brendan Fraser and Alan Ruck. Also in 2010, he co-starred in the film Morning Glory, along with Rachel McAdams, Diane Keaton and Patrick Wilson.[44] Although a disappointment at the box office, Ford’s performance was well received by critics, some of which thought it was his best role in years.[45] In July 2011, Ford starred alongside Daniel Craig and Olivia Wilde in the science-fiction/western hybrid film Cowboys & Aliens. To promote the film, Ford appeared at the San Diego Comic-Con International and, apparently surprised by the warm welcome, told the audience, “I just wanted to make a living as an actor. I didn’t know about this.”[46] Also in 2011, Ford starred in Japanese commercials advertising the video game Uncharted 3: Drake’s Deception for the PlayStation 3.[47]

2013 began a trend that saw Ford accepting more diverse supporting roles. That year, Ford co-starred in the corporate espionage thriller Paranoia with Liam Hemsworth and Gary Oldman, who he had previously worked with in Air Force One,[48] and he also appeared in Ender’s Game, 42 and Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues. His performance as Branch Rickey in 42 was praised by many critics and garnered Ford a nomination as best supporting actor for the Satellite Awards. In 2014, he appeared in The Expendables 3 and the documentary Flying the Feathered Edge: The Bob Hoover Project. The next year, Ford co-starred with Blake Lively in the romantic drama The Age of Adaline to positive notices.[49]

2015–present

Ford at the 2015 San Diego Comic-Con
Ford reprised the role of Han Solo in the long-awaited Star Wars sequel Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), which became massively successful like its predecessors.[50] During filming on June 11, 2014, Ford suffered what was said to be a fractured ankle when a hydraulic door fell on him. He was airlifted to John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, England, for treatment.[51][52] Ford’s son Ben released details on his father’s injury, saying that his ankle would likely need a plate and screws, and that filming could be altered slightly with the crew needing to shoot Ford from the waist up for a short time until he recovered.[53] Ford made his return to filming in mid-August, after a two-month layoff as he recovered from his injury.[54][55] Ford’s character was killed off in The Force Awakens,[56] but it was subsequently announced, via a casting call, that Ford would return in some capacity as Solo in Episode VIII.[57] In February 2016, when the cast for Episode VIII was confirmed, it was indicated that Ford would not reprise his role in the film after all.[58] When Ford was asked if his character could come back in “some form”, he replied, “Anything is possible in space.”[59] The character eventually reappeared as a vision in Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019).[60][61]

On February 26, 2015, Alcon Entertainment announced Ford would reprise his role as Rick Deckard in Blade Runner 2049.[62] The film, and Ford’s performance, was very well received by critics upon its release in October 2017.[63] Scott Collura of IGN called it a, “deep, rich, smart film that’s visually awesome and full of great sci-fi concepts” and Ford’s role, “a quiet, sort of gut-wrenching interpretation to Deckard and what he must’ve gone through in the past three decades.”[64] Despite the acclaim, the film only grossed $259.3 million worldwide, far short of the estimated $400 million that the film needed in order to break even.[65] In 2019, Ford had his first voice role in an animated film, as a dog named Rooster in The Secret Life of Pets 2.[66] With filming for a fifth Indiana Jones film having been delayed by a year, Ford headlined a big-budget adaptation of Jack London’s The Call of the Wild, playing prospector John Thornton. The film was released in February 2020 to a mixed critical reception but its theatrical release was shortened due to the impact of the coronavirus disease on the film industry.

Personal life

Ford and Calista Flockhart at the 2009 Deauville American Film Festival
Ford has been married three times, and has four biological children and one adopted child.[67] He was first married to Mary Marquardt from 1964 until their divorce in 1979. They had two sons, chef and restaurateur Benjamin (born 1966) and clothier Willard (born 1969). Benjamin co-owns Ford’s Filling Station, a gastropub with locations at L.A. Live in Los Angeles[68] and Terminal 5 in Los Angeles International Airport.[69] Willard is the owner of Strong Sports Gym,[70] and was co-owner of the Kim Sing Theater[71] and owner of the Ludwig Clothing company.[72]

Ford’s second marriage was to screenwriter Melissa Mathison from March 1983 until their divorce in late 2000.[73] They had a son, actor and musician Malcolm (born 1987), and a daughter, actress Georgia (born 1990). He began dating actress Calista Flockhart after they met at the 2002 Golden Globe Awards. They are the parents of Liam (born 2001), the son she adopted before meeting Ford. He proposed to Flockhart over Valentine’s Day weekend in 2009.[74] They married on June 15, 2010, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where Ford was filming Cowboys & Aliens.[75]

Ford and Flockhart live on an 800-acre (320-hectare) ranch in Jackson, Wyoming, on which he has lived since the 1980s and approximately half of which he has donated as a nature reserve.[76] They also retain a base in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles.[77] He is known as one of Hollywood’s most private actors, guarding much of his personal life.[15] In her 2016 autobiography The Princess Diarist, his co-star Carrie Fisher claimed that she and Ford had a three-month affair in 1976 during the filming of Star Wars.[78]

In 2009, Ford signed a petition calling for the release of film director Roman Polanski, who had been arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.[79]

Aviation

Ford touring the Air Force Museum in 2003
Ford is a licensed pilot of both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters.[15] On several occasions, he has personally provided emergency helicopter services at the request of local authorities in Wyoming, in one instance rescuing a hiker overcome by dehydration.[80]

Ford began flight training in the 1960s at Wild Rose Idlewild Airport in Wild Rose, Wisconsin, flying in a Piper PA-22 Tri-Pacer, but at $15 an hour (equivalent to $127 in 2019), he could not afford to continue the training.[81] In the mid-1990s, he bought a used Gulfstream II and asked one of his pilots, Terry Bender, to give him flying lessons. They started flying a Cessna 182 out of Jackson, Wyoming, later switching to Teterboro, New Jersey, flying a Cessna 206, the aircraft in which he made his first solo flight.[82]

External video
video icon Ford’s Bell 407GX
Ford’s aircraft is kept at Santa Monica Airport.[83] The Bell 407 is often kept and flown in Jackson, and has been used by the actor in two mountain rescues during his assigned duty time with Teton County Search and Rescue. On one of the rescues, Ford recovered a hiker who had become lost and disoriented. She boarded Ford’s helicopter and promptly vomited into one of the rescuers’ caps, unaware of who the pilot was until much later; “I can’t believe I barfed in Harrison Ford’s helicopter!” she said later.[84]

Ford flies his de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver (N28S) more than any of his other aircraft, and has repeatedly said that he likes this aircraft and the sound of its Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial engine.[85] According to Ford, it had been flown in the CIA’s Air America operations, and was riddled with bullet holes that had to be patched up.[86]

In March 2004, Ford officially became chairman of the Young Eagles program of the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA). Ford was asked to take the position by Greg Anderson, Senior Vice President of the EAA at the time, to replace General Chuck Yeager, who was vacating the post that he had held for many years. Ford at first was hesitant, but later accepted the offer and has made appearances with the Young Eagles at the EAA AirVenture Oshkosh gathering at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, for two years. In July 2005, at the gathering in Oshkosh, Ford agreed to accept the position for another two years. He has flown over 280 children as part of the Young Eagles program, usually in his DHC-2 Beaver, which can seat the actor and five children. Ford stepped down as program chairman in 2009 and was replaced by Captain Chesley Sullenberger and First Officer Jeff Skiles. He is involved with the EAA chapter in Driggs, Idaho, just over the Teton Range from Jackson, Wyoming. On July 28, 2016, Ford flew the two millionth Young Eagle at the EAA AirVenture convention.[87]

As of 2009, Ford appears in Internet advertisements for General Aviation Serves America, a campaign by the advocacy group Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA).[88] He has also appeared in several independent aviation documentaries, including Wings Over the Rockies (2009),[89] Flying The Feathered Edge: The Bob Hoover Project (2014) and Living in the Age of Airplanes (2015).[90]

Ford is an honorary board member of the humanitarian aviation organization Wings of Hope,[91] and is known for having made several trips to Washington, D.C., to fight for pilots’ rights.[92] He has also donated substantial funds to aerobatic champion Sean Tucker’s charitable program, The Bob Hoover Academy (named after legendary aviator Bob Hoover) which educates at-risk teens in central California and teaches them how to fly.[93]

Incidents
On October 23, 1999, Harrison Ford was involved in the crash of a Bell 206L4 LongRanger helicopter (N36R). The NTSB accident report states that Ford was piloting the aircraft over the Lake Piru riverbed near Santa Clarita, California, on a routine training flight. While making his second attempt at an autorotation with powered recovery, Ford allowed the helicopter’s altitude to drop to 150–200 feet before beginning power-up.[94] The aircraft was unable to recover power before hitting the ground. The aircraft landed hard and began skidding forward in the loose gravel before one of its skids struck a partially embedded log, flipping the aircraft onto its side. Neither Ford nor the instructor pilot suffered any injuries, though the helicopter was seriously damaged. When asked about the incident by fellow pilot James Lipton in an interview on the TV show Inside the Actor’s Studio, Ford replied, “I broke it.”[95]

On March 5, 2015, Ford’s plane, believed to be a Ryan PT-22 Recruit, made an emergency landing on the Penmar Golf Course in Venice, California. Ford had radioed in to report that the plane had experienced engine failure. He was taken to Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, where he was reported to be in fair to moderate condition.[96] Ford suffered a broken pelvis and broken ankle during the accident, as well as other injuries.[97]

On February 13, 2017, Ford landed an Aviat Husky at John Wayne Airport in Orange County, California, on the taxiway left of runway 20L. A Boeing 737 was holding short of the runway on the taxiway when Ford overflew them.[98]

On April 24, 2020, at the Los Angeles Hawthorne Airport, Ford was piloting a plane when he crossed a runway where another aircraft was landing.[99]

Activism
Environmental work
Ford is vice-chair of Conservation International,[100] an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. The organization’s intent is to protect nature.[101]

In September 2013, Ford, while filming an environmental documentary in Indonesia, interviewed the Indonesian Forestry Minister, Zulkifli Hasan. After the interview, Ford and his crew were accused of “harassing state institutions” and publicly threatened with deportation. Questions within the interview concerned the Tesso Nilo National Park, Sumatra. It was alleged the Minister of Forestry was given no prior warning of questions nor the chance to explain the challenges of catching people with illegal logging.[102][103][104][105] Ford was provided an audience with the Indonesian President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, during which he expressed concerns regarding Indonesia’s environmental degradation and the government efforts to address climate change. In response, the President explained Indonesia’s commitment to preserving its oceans and forests.[106][107]

In 1993, the arachnologist Norman Platnick named a new species of spider Calponia harrisonfordi, and in 2002, the entomologist Edward O. Wilson named a new ant species Pheidole harrisonfordi (in recognition of Harrison’s work as Vice Chairman of Conservation International).[108]

Since 1992, Ford has lent his voice to a series of public service messages promoting environmental involvement for EarthShare, an American federation of environmental and conservation charities.[109] He has acted as a spokesperson for Restore Hetch Hetchy, a non-profit organization dedicated to restoring Yosemite National Park’s Hetch Hetchy Valley to its original condition.[110] Ford also appears in the documentary series Years of Living Dangerously, which reports on people affected by and seeking solutions to climate change.[111]

In 2019, on behalf of Conservation International, Ford gave an impassioned speech during the United Nations’ Climate Action Summit in New York on the destruction of the Amazon rainforest and its effect on climate change for the rest of the world. Ford urged his audience to listen to ‘angry young people’ trying to make a difference in the situation, emphasizing, “The most important thing we can do for them is to get the hell out of their way.”[112]

Political views
Like his parents, Ford is a lifelong Democrat.[113]

On September 7, 1995, Ford testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee in support of the Dalai Lama and an independent Tibet.[114][115] In 2007, he narrated the documentary Dalai Lama Renaissance.[116]

In 2003, he publicly condemned the Iraq War and called for “regime change” in the United States. He also criticized Hollywood for making movies which were “more akin to video games than stories about human life and relationships”, and he called for more gun control in the United States.[117]

After Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump said his favorite role of Ford’s was Air Force One because he “stood up for America”, Ford reasoned that it was just a film and made critical statements against Trump’s presidential bid.[118][119]

For the first time ever endorsing a political candidate for office, Ford endorsed Joe Biden’s 2020 presidential campaign against Donald Trump. He said that he wanted to “encourage people to support candidates that will support the environment” and felt that under Trump, the United States has “lost some of our credibility in the world”.[120]

Archaeology
Following on his success portraying the archaeologist Indiana Jones, Ford also plays a part in supporting the work of professional archaeologists. He serves as a General Trustee[121] on the Governing Board of the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA), North America’s oldest and largest organization devoted to the world of archaeology. Ford assists them in their mission of increasing public awareness of archaeology and preventing looting and the illegal antiquities trade.

Star Wars: Force for Change
Ford participated in a Star Wars promotion geared toward fans who donated to Star Wars: Force for Change on video call which offered them the opportunity to purchase tickets to the premiere of The Force Awakens.[122][123]

Awards and filmography
Main article: Harrison Ford filmography

Ford’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Throughout his career, Ford has received significant recognition for his work in the entertainment industry. In 1986, he was nominated for Best Actor at the 58th Academy Awards for his performance in Witness, a role for which he also received BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations in the same category. Three additional Golden Globe nominations went to Ford in 1987, 1994 and 1996 for his performances in The Mosquito Coast, The Fugitive and Sabrina.[124] In 2000, he was the recipient of the AFI Life Achievement Award from the American Film Institute for his body of work, presented to him by two of his closest collaborators and fellow industry giants, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg.[125] In 2002, he was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award, another career achievement honor, from the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the 59th Golden Globe Awards ceremony. On May 30, 2003, Ford received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[126]

In 2006, he received the Jules Verne Award, given to an actor who has “encouraged the spirit of adventure and imagination” throughout their career. He was presented with the first-ever Hero Award at the 2007 Scream Awards for his many iconic roles, including Indiana Jones and Han Solo (both of which earned him two Saturn Awards for Best Actor in 1982 and 2016, respectively), and in 2008 he received the Spike TV’s Guy’s Choice Award for “Brass Balls”.[127][128] In 2015, Ford received the Albert R. Broccoli Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment from BAFTA Los Angeles.[129] In 2018, Ford was honored by the SAG-AFTRA Foundation with the Artists Inspiration Award for both his acting and philanthropic work alongside fellow honoree Lady Gaga. SAG-AFTRA Foundation Board President JoBeth Williams in the press release said, “Harrison Ford is an acting legend in every known galaxy, but what many do not know are the decades of philanthropic service and leadership he has given to Conservation International to help protect our planet.”[130]

Other prestigious film honors for Ford include the Honorary Cesar, the Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Awards, the Kirk Douglas Award for Excellence in Film from the Santa Barbara International Film Festival, the Box Office Star of the Century Award from the National Association of Theatre Owners and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Locarno Film Festival.[126]

Ford has also been honored multiple times for his involvement in general aviation, receiving the Living Legends of Aviation Award and the Experimental Aircraft Association’s Freedom of Flight Award in 2009,[131][132] the Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy in 2010[133] and the Al Ueltschi Humanitarian Award in 2013.[134] In 2013, Flying magazine ranked him number 48 on their list of the 51 Heroes of Aviation.