Oscar Actors: Olivier, Laurence–Cetennial

This year marks the centennial of Laurence Olivier, the brilliant performer of the British and American stage, screen, and television. At the height of his career, from the 1940s to the early 1960s, Olivier was hailed as the greatest classical player and Shakespearean interpreter of his time.

To celebrate this event, www.EmanuelLevy.com will run individual reviews of many Olivier pictures.

Film critics and scholars have always compared his work and achievements to those of his two great contemporaries, Ralph Richardson (1902-1983) and John Gielgud (1904-2000). All three were brilliant and eccentric performers, albeit in different ways, though there’s no doubt that Olivier was the most internationally famous of the three, due to his Lengthy Hollywood career.

Laurence Olivier was born on May 22, 1907, in Dorking, Surrey, England; he died in 1989. Asked once how he would prefer to be addressed, Olivier suggested: “How about Lord Larry”

Brilliant Child Actor

The son of a strict Anglican clergyman of Huguenot ancestry who curiously encouraged him to take up acting, he made his debut as a schoolboy of nine, playing Brutus in an abbreviated version of “Julius Caesar” at London’s All Saints Choir School. His mature performance astonished Dame Sybil Thorndike, who was in the audience.

At 14, as a pupil at Oxford’s St. Edward’s School, Olivier played a convincing Katharina in a boy’s performance of “The Taming of the Shrew” at the Shakespeare Festival Theatre at Stratfordon Avon. He then joined the Birmingham Repertory (192628) and made his first appearance on Broadway in 1929.

Rejected by Garbo

Olivier’s British screen debut was in 1930 and his Hollywood debut the following year. But his early career both on stage and on screen was fraught with fiascos and disappointments, culminating in Greta Garbo’s refusal to accept him as her leading man in “Queen Christina.” For years, Hollywood speculated, what kind of career Olivier would have had if Garbo did like him. (Olivier was reaching his prime just as Garbo was about to retire, in 1942)

It wasn’t until the mid1930s that Olivier was recognized as a major talent. Within just a few years, through a succession of memorable Shakespearean roles on stage and several romantic portrayals in Hollywood films, Olivier emerged as one of the most exciting and versatile actors in the Englishspeaking world. Through such heartthrob roles as Heathcliff in “Wuthering Heights,” Maxim de Winter in Hitchcock’s “Rebecca,” Dr. Darcy in “Pride and Prejudice,” and Lord Nelson in “That Hamilton Woman,” he was establishing himself in the banner years 193940 as a glamorous Hollywood star

In 1939, when WW II broke out, he volunteered for the Royal Air Force but was turned down. Undaunted, he piled up 200 flight hours on his own and in 1941 joined the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy. He was released twice to make propaganda films. In 1944, he was discharged from service and appointed codirector (with Ralph Richardson) of the Old Vic Theatre.

While supervising the restoration of the distinguished theatrical institution to its prewar glory, Olivier began his first film as director: “Henry V.” It was an astounding critical success and won for him a special Academy Award (foreign films were then not competing) for his triple triumph as the director, producer, and star of the film.

Olivier’s second film, “Hamlet,” won the Best Picture Oscar and Best Actor for Oivier, as well as a number of other Academy Awards. He was afterwards nominated for Oscars nine times. In the 1979 Academy Award ceremony (for film achievements in 1978), Olivier was awarded a Special Oscar for “the full body of his work, the unique achievement of his entire career and his lifetime of contribution to the art of film.”

To the chagrin of his admirers, Olivier directed himself in only two more films in the next two decades, an excellently played adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Richard III and the rather stodgy “The Prince and the Showgirl”, in which he costarred with Marilyn Monroe.

However, Olivier continued appearing in occasional films and in numerous plays, demonstrating his virtuosity in a wide range of roles, from Shakespeare, Sophocles, and Chekhov, to John Osborne’s “The Entertainer” and the RunyonSwerlingBurrows musical “Guys and Dolls’ (as Nathan Detroit).

In 1963, Olivier became the director of England’s National Theatre Company. The following year, Olivier, famous for his boldness as an actor, was uncharacteristically overcome by a severe case of stage fright. “It pursued me for five years and became a monster of a nightmare,” he later recalled. Although he eventually conquered his fear, he played his final role on stage in 1974, a year in which he became stricken with dermatomyositis, a crippling muscle disease.

Although he was plagued by other persistent illnesses, including leg thrombosis and prostate cancer, he continued appearing in films and TV, in roles large and small, with amazing frequency.

Work for Work’s Sake

During the past decade of his life, Olivier was criticized for his indiscriminate choice of screen and TV roles. Heis response was short and simple, saying he worked for the money so that he could afford a good education for his childrenand maintain a certain lifestyle.

Hence, in 1979-1980, he appeared in a secondary part in the whimsical fable, “A Little Romance” (starring Diane Lane as a child actress), “Dracula,” as Profesor Van Helsing, and the remake of “The Jazz Singer.” In the following years, he could be seen as Zeus in the campy “Clash of the Titans,” “Inchon,” in which he played General MacArthur), the Wagner miniseries, the TV movies “Last Days of Pompei” and “A Talent for Murder,” the third remake of the “Bounty,” and the sequel Wild Geese II.

Olivier’s very last screen role was in Derek Jarman’s “War Requiem,” in 1988, a year before he died.

Knighthood and Honors

Knighted in 1947, Olivier was made a peer of the realm with the title baron in 1970. In 1971 he took his seat in the House of Lords. But he was possibly more flattered by the adulation of his professional peers who in 1975 named the London Theater’s equivalents of Broadway’s Tonys, the Olivier Awards.

In 1983, Olivier was honored for his lifetime achievements by the Film Society of Lincoln Center and was guest of honor at the White House for a private screening of his TV movie “King Lear.”

Olivier’s Oscar History

Olivier was nominated for 10 Academy Awards: 9 in the lead and one in the supporting category. He won one Oscar, Best Actor for “Hamlet” in 1948, which also won Best Picture.

His nominations span almost four decades, from “Wuthering Heights” in 1939 to “The Boys from Brazil” in 1978.Olivier also received an Honorary Oscar from the Academy in 1979.

Four of Olivier’s Oscar nominations were for his famed Shakespearean interpretations, playing Henry V, Hamlet, Richard III, and Othello.

Best Actor Nominations: 9

1939: Wuthering Heights
1940: Rebecca
1946: Henry V
1948: Hamlet
1956: Richard III
1960: The Entertainer
1965: Othello
1972: Sleuth
1978: The Boys from Brazil

Supporting Actor Nominations: 1

1975: Marathon Man

Olivier’s Personal Life

Although he shunned publicity, Olivier’s private life was the subject of much public speculation. He had been married since 1930 to stage and screen actress Jill Esmond, when he fell in love with the also married Vivien Leigh on the set of their 1937 film “Fire Over London.” Amidst much nasty gossip, Esmond was granted a divorce in 1940, on the grounds of adultery.

Several months later, Olivier married Leigh. Their tempestuous marriage lasted 20 years, surviving frequent conflicts and Leigh’s bouts with depression and eventually mental illness. In 1960, Leigh, naming actress Joan Plowright as a correspondent, obtained a divorce on the grounds of adultery. The following year Olivier married Plowright, to whom he remained married until his death.

Prolific Author

Olivier wrote an autobiography, “Confessions of an Actor” (1982) and the books “Five Seasons of the Old Vic Theatre Company” (in collaboration, 1950) and “On Acting” (1986), in which he described in detail how he created some of his finest roles.

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosokeonhacaiketquabongdalichthidau7m.newskqbdtysokeobongdabongdalufutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbethttps://bsport.fithttps://onbet88.ooohttps://i9bet.bizhttps://hi88.ooohttps://okvip.athttps://f8bet.athttps://fb88.cashhttps://vn88.cashhttps://shbet.atbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩa开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育亚新体育亚新体育亚新体育爱游戏爱游戏爱游戏华体会华体会华体会IM体育IM体育沙巴体育沙巴体育PM体育PM体育AG尊龙AG尊龙AG尊龙AG百家乐AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人<AG真人<皇冠体育皇冠体育PG电子PG电子万博体育万博体育KOK体育KOK体育欧宝体育江南体育江南体育江南体育半岛体育半岛体育半岛体育凯发娱乐凯发娱乐杏彩体育杏彩体育杏彩体育FB体育PM真人PM真人<米乐娱乐米乐娱乐天博体育天博体育开元棋牌开元棋牌j9九游会j9九游会开云体育AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88
Share this:
Share this page via Email Share this page via Stumble Upon Share this page via Digg this Share this page via Facebook Share this page via Twitter