1 Oscar Directors: Nationality, Social Class, Family, Occupational Inheritance (Winners and Nominees, A to Z)

Research in Progress (Oct 28, 2022)

Directors:

Winners: 72

Nominees: 141

Total: 243

A: 12

B: 20

C: 23 (includes Chung)

D:  8

E:  2

F: 13 (includes Fennell)

G:  7

H: 20 (includes Hagamucci)

I:   2

J:  6

K:  7

L: 21

M: 20

N:   4

O:   1

P:  13

Q:

R: 17

S: 19

T:  7

U: /

V: 5 (Vinterberg)

W: 10

X /

Y:  1

Z:  5 (includes Zhao)

Total: 241

Winners: 72

Nominees: 171

A (12 directors)

Abrahamson, Lenny:

Allen, Woody

Almodovar, Pedro (Spanish, for Spanish film)

Altman, Robert

Anderson, Michael

Anderson, Paul Thomas

Anderson, Wes

Antonioni, Michelangelo (Italian for English-speaking film)

Aronofsky, Darren

Ashby, Hal

Attenborough, Richard

Avildsen, John G.

Avildsen was born in Oak Park, Illinois, the son of Ivy (née Guilbert) and Clarence John Avildsen.

He was educated at the Hotchkiss School and at New York University. He was of Norwegian heritage.

After starting out as assistant director to Arthur Penn and Otto Preminger, Avildsen made the low-budget feature Joe (1970). It received good notices for star Peter Boyle and was a big box-office hit grossing $26 million from a $100,000 budget.

B (20 Directors)

Babenco, Hector

Barrymore, Lionel

Beatty, Warren

Beaumont, Harry

Benigni, Roberto

Benton Robert

Beresford, Bruce

Bergman, Ingmar

Bertolucci, Bernardo

10.Bigelow, Kathryn

Bogdanovich, Peter

Bong, Joon-ho, Korean

Boorman, John

Borzage, Frank

Branagh, Kenneth

Brenon, Herbert

Brest, Martin

Brooks, James L.

Brooks, Richard

20. Brown, Clarence

 

 

C (23 directors)

Cacoyannis, Michael

Cameron, James

Campion, Jane

Capra, Frank

(Done)

Cardiff, Jack

Cassavetes, John

Cattaneo, Peter

Chaplin, Charles

Chazelle, Damien

Chung, Lee Isaac (Minari)

Cimino, Michael

Clayton, Jack

Clooney, George

Coen, Ethan

Coen, Joel

Coppola, Francis Ford

Coppola, Sofia

Costner, Kevin

Crichton, Michael

Cuaron, Alfonso

Cukor, George

Cummings, Irving

Curtiz, Michael

 

D (8 directors)

Daldry, Stephen

Daniels, Lee

Dassin, Jules

Del Toro, Guillermo

DeMille, Cecil B.

Demme, Jonathan

Dieterle, William

Dmytryk, Edward

 

E

Eastwood, Clint

Egoyan, Atom

 

F (13)

Farrow, John

Fellini, Federico (Italian, for Italian movies)

Fennell, Emerald (Promising Young Woman)

Figgis, Mike

Fincher, David

Fleming, Victor

Ford, John

Forman, Milos

Forster, Marc

Fosse, Bob

Franklin, Sidney

Frears, Stephen

Friedkin, William

 

G (7)

Gavras-Costa

Germi, Pietro

Gerwig, Greta

Gibson, Mel

Gilroy, Tony

Glenville, Peter

Greengrass, Paul

 

H (20)

Hackford, Taylor

Hagamucci, Ryusuke. Japanese

Haggis, Paul

Hall, Alexander

Hallstrom, Lasse

Haneke, Michael

Hanson, Curtis

Harvey, Anthony

Hathaway, Henry

10. Hazanavicius, Michel

Hawks, Howard

Henry, Buck

Hicks, Scott

Hill, George Roy

Hiller, Arthur

Hitchcock, Alfred

Hooper, Tom

Howard, Ron

Hudson, Hugh

20. Huston, John

 

I (2)

Innaritu. Alejandro G.

Ivory, James

 

J (6)

Jackson, Peter

Jaffe, Roland

Jenkins, Barry

Jewison, Norman

Jonze, Spike

Jordan, Neil

 

K (7)

Kazan, Elia

Kieslowski, Krzystof

King, Henry

Koster, Henry

Kramer, Stanley

Kubrick, Stanley

Kurosawa, Akira

 

L (21)

La Cava, Gregory

Lang, Walter

Lanthymos, Yorgos

Lean, David

Lee, Spike

Lee, Ang

Leigh, Mike

Lelouch, Claude

Leonard, Robert Z.

LeRoy, Mervyn

Levinson, Barry

Linklater, Richard

Litvak, Anatole

Lloyd, Frank

Logan, Joshua

Lonergan, Kenneth

Lubitsch, Ernst

Lucas, George

Lumet, Sidney

Lynch, David

Lyne, Adrian

 

M (20)

McCarey, Leo

McCarthy, Tom

McKay, Adam

McQueen, Steve

Madden, John

Malick, Terrence

Malle, Louis

Mankiewicz, Joseph L.

Mann, Delbert

Mann, Michael

Marshall, Rob

Mendes, Sam

Mereilles, Fernando (Brazilian for Brazilian film)

Milestone, Lewis

Miller, Bennett

Miller, George

Minghella, Anthony

Minnelli, Vincente

Molinaro, Eduard

Mulligan, Robert

 

N (4)

Negulesco, Jean

Nichols, Mike

Nolan, Christopher

Noonan, Chris

 

O (1)

Olivier, Laurence

 

P (13)

Pakula, Alan J.

Parker, Alan

Paulikowski, Pawell

Payne, Alexander

Peele, Jordan

Penn, Arthur

Perry, Frank

Petersen, Wolfgang

Phillips, Todd

Polanski, Roman

Pollack, Sydney

Pontecorvio, Gillo

Preminger, Otto

 

R (17)

Radford, Michael

Redford, Robert

Reed, Carol

Reitman, Jason

Renoir, Jean

Richardson, Tony

Ritt, Martin

Robbins, Jerome

Robbins, Tim

Robson, Mark

Ross, Herbert

Rossen, Robert

Ruggles, Wesley

Rush, Richard

Russell, Ken

Russell, David O.

Rydell, Mark

 

S (19)

Schafflner, Franklin

Schertzinger, Victor

Schlesinger, John

Schnabel, Julian

Schroeder, Barbet

Scorsese, Martin

Scott, Ridley

Seaton, George

Sheridan, Jim

Shyamalan, M. Night

Singleton, John

Siodmak, Robert

Soderbergh, Steven

Spielberg, Steven

Sternberg, Josef von

Stevens, George

Stevenson, Robert

Stone, Oliver

Sturges, John

 

T (7)

Tarantino, Quentin

Taurog, Norman

Teshigahara, Hiroshi

Thompson, Lee J.

Troell, Jan

Truffaut, Francois

Tyldun, Morten

 

U

 

V (5)

Van Dyke, W. S.

Van Sant, Gus

Vidor, King

Villeneuve, Denis

Vinterberg, Thomas (Another Round)

 

W (10)

Walters, Charles

Weir, Peter

Welles, Orson

Wellman, William A.

Wertmueller, Lina

Wilde, Ted

Wilder, Billy

Wise, Robert

Wood, Sam

Wyler, William

 

Y

Yates, Peter

 

Z (5)

Zeffirelli, Franco

Zeitlin, Benh

Zemeckis, Robert

Zhao, Chloe (Nomadland)

Zinnemann, Fred

 

Occupational Inheritance

Nationality; Birthplace

Social Class/Family

Race/Religion

 

A (12)

Abrahamson, Lenny:

Allen, Woody

Almodovar, Pedro (Spanish, for Spanish film)

Altman, Robert:

Altman was born on February 20, 1925, in Kansas City, Missouri, the son of Helen (née Matthews), a Mayflower descendant from Nebraska, and Bernard Clement Altman, a wealthy insurance salesman and amateur gambler, who came from an upper-class family.

Altman’s ancestry was German, English and Irish; his paternal grandfather, Frank Altman, Sr., anglicized the spelling of the family name from “Altmann” to “Altman.” Altman had a Catholic upbringing, but he did not continue to follow or practice the religion as an adult, although he has been referred to as “a sort of Catholic” and a Catholic director.

Anderson, Michael

Anderson, Paul Thomas

Anderson, Wes

Antonioni, Michelangelo (Italian for English-speaking film)

Aronofsky, Darren

Ashby, Hal

Attenborough, Richard

12. Avildsen, John G. No data about class

 

Abrahamson, Lenny:

Allen, Woody

Almodovar, Pedro (Spanish, for Spanish film)

Altman, Robert

Anderson, Michael

Anderson, Paul Thomas

Anderson, Wes

Antonioni, Michelangelo (Italian for English-speaking film)

Aronofsky, Darren

Ashby, Hal

Attenborough, Richard

12. Avildsen, John G.

 

 

Occupational Inheritance: 

Yes

Anderson, Michael:

Parents actors; great aunt, actress; his sons would become actor and producer, respectively

Anderson, Paul Thomas: Father actor

B

Barrymore, Lionel

Occupational Inheritance:

No

Abrahamson, Lenny;

Woody Allen (sister later became producer)

Almodovar (brother later became producer)

Altman, Robert

Anderson, Wes

Antonioni

Aronofsky

Ashby, Hal

Born in Ogden, Utah, Ashby grew up in a Mormon household, the son of Eileen Ireta (Hetzler) and James Thomas Ashby, a dairy owner. His tumultuous childhood as part of dysfunctional family included the divorce of his parents, his father’s suicide, and dropping out of high school.

Attenborough

Avildsen, John

B

Babenco, Hector

Barrymore, Lionel

Beatty, Warren; parents teachers, sister actress Shirley MacLaine.

Beaumont, Harry

Benigni, Roberto

Benton Robert

Beresford, Bruce

Bergman, Ingmar

Bertolucci, Bernardo

10.Bigelow, Kathryn

Bogdanovich, Peter

Bong, Joon-ho, Korean

Boorman, John

Borzage, Frank

Branagh, Kenneth

Brenon, Herbert

Brest, Martin

Brooks, James L.

Brooks, Richard

20. Brown, Clarence

C

Capra

Capra was born Francesco Rosario Capra in Bisacquino, a village near Palermo, Sicily, Italy. He was the youngest of 7 children of Salvatore Capra, a fruit grower, and the former Rosaria “Serah” Nicolosi. Capra’s family was Roman Catholic. The name “Capra” represents his family’s closeness to the land, and means “goat.”

He notes that the English word “capricious” derives from it, “evoking the animal’s skittish temperament,” adding that “the name neatly expresses two aspects of Capra’s personality: emotionalism and obstinacy.”

In 1903, when he was 5, Capra emigrated to the U.S. with his family, who traveled in one of the steerage compartments of the steamship Germania, which was the cheapest way to book passage. For Capra, the journey, which took 13 days, remained one of his worst experiences:  You’re all together—you have no privacy. You have a cot. Very few people have trunks or anything that takes up space. They have just what they can carry in their hands or in a bag. Nobody takes their clothes off. There’s no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They’re all miserable. It’s the most degrading place you could ever be.

Capra remembers the ship’s arrival in New York Harbor, where he saw “a statue of a great lady, taller than a church steeple, holding a torch above the land we were about to enter”.

He recalls his father’s exclamation at the sight: Ciccio, look! Look at that! That’s the greatest light since the star of Bethlehem! That’s the light of freedom! Remember that Freedom.”

The family settled in Los Angeles’s East Side (today Chinatown), which Capra described as Italian “ghetto.” Capra’s father worked as a fruit picker and young Capra sold newspapers after school for 10 years, until he graduated from high school.

Instead of working after graduating, as his parents wanted, he enrolled in college, California Institute of Technology, playing banjo at nightclubs and taking odd jobs, which included working at the campus laundry facility, waiting tables, and cleaning engines at a local power plant. He studied electrical engineering and graduated in the spring of 1918. His college education had “changed his whole viewpoint on life from the viewpoint of an alley rat to the viewpoint of a cultured person.”

After graduating from college, Capra was commissioned in the US Army as a second lieutenant, having completed campus ROTC. In the Army, he taught mathematics to artillerymen at Fort Point, San Francisco. His father died during the war in an accident (1916).

In the Army, Capra contracted Spanish flu and was medically discharged to return home to live with his mother. He became naturalized U.S. citizen in 1920, taking the name Frank Russell Capra.

Living at home with his siblings and mother, Capra was the only member with college education, yet he was the only one who remained chronically unemployed. After a year without work, seeing how his siblings had steady jobs, he felt he was a failure, which led to bouts of depression and abdominal pains, later discovered to have been an undiagnosed burst appendix.

After recovering at home, Capra moved out and spent the next few years living in flophouses in San Francisco and hopping freight trains, wandering the Western US. To support himself, he took odd jobs on farms, as movie extra, playing poker, and selling local oil well stocks.

At 24, Capra directed a 32-minute documentary titled La Visita Dell’Incrociatore Italiano Libya a San Francisco. It documented the visit of the Italian naval vessel Libya to San Francisco, but also the reception given to the crew of the ship by San Francisco’s L’Italia Virtus Club, known as the San Francisco Italian Athletic Club.

At 25, Capra took job selling books written and published by American philosopher Elbert Hubbard. Capra recalled that he “hated being a peasant, being a scrounging new kid trapped in the Sicilian ghetto of Los Angeles. … All I had was cockiness—and let me tell you that gets you a long way.”

During his book sales efforts—and nearly broke—Capra read a newspaper article about a new movie studio opening in San Francisco. Capra phoned them saying he had moved from Hollywood, and falsely implied that he had experience in the budding film industry. Capra’s only prior exposure in films was in 1915 while attending Manual Arts High School. The studio’s founder, Walter Montague, was impressed by Capra and offered him $75 to direct a one-reel silent film. Capra, with the help of a cameraman, made the film in two days and cast it with amateurs.

 

Social Class:

A (12)

Abrahamson, middle; father solicitor; grandfather physician

Allen, Woody; lower middle; father, jewelry engraver and waiter; mother bookkeeper.

Almodovar: lower-middle

Altman, Robert: Upper-middle; father wealthy insurance salesman

Anderson, Michael: Middle (Actors)

Anderson, Paul Thomas; Middle; father actor

Anderson was born in Studio City, Los Angeles, to Edwina and Ernie Anderson, an actor who was the voice of ABC and  Cleveland TV late-night horror movie host known as “Ghoulardi” (which became Anderson’s production company).

Anderson, Wes: Upper-middle; mother realtor and archaeologist; father advertising and public relations. Family: parents divorced when he was 8.

Antonioni Upper middle; landowners

Aronofsky: Middle class, parents teachers

Ashby, Hal

Avildsen, John

No data (check?)

Attenborough: Upper-middle; father scholar and academic administrator, fellow at Emmanuel College,

Babenco, Hector, Jewish

Beatty: Upper-middle class; both parents teachers; grandparents also teachers

Beaumont,

Benton, Robert: middle class; father telephone company employee;

C

Capra:

Lower class, son of immigrants

Nationality:

Abrahamson, UK–Irish

Allen, Woody, US–NYC–Brooklyn

Almodovar, Spanish

Altman, Robert, US, Kansas

Anderson, Michael, UK

Anderson, Paul Thomas: US, LA

Anderson grew up in the San Fernando Valley, the 3rd youngest of 9 children. Troubled relationship with mother but close with father, who encouraged him to become writer or director.

Anderson, Wes, U.S.; lives in France

Antonioni: Italian (also English-speaking)

Aronofsky; US,

Ashby, Hal, US, Utah

Avildsen, John; US; Norwegian and Danish descent; born Oak Park, Illinois

Attenborough, UK

B

Babenco, Hector, Brazil-Argentine (nom for English-speaking film)

Barrymore, Lionel, US,

Beatty, Warren; US, Richmond, Virginia

Benton, Robert, US, Waxahachie, Texas

 

Race and Religion

Abrahamson, Jewish (born); atheist

Allen, Woody, Jewish

Almodovar, Catholic

Altman, Catholic

Anderson, Michael, No Data

Anderson, Wes:

Antonioni: Italian, Catholic

Aronofsky: Jewish

Ashby, Hal: Mormon

Attenborough, UK

Avildsen, John

B

Babenco, Hector, Argentina, Brazil; Jewish

Barrymore, Lionel, US

Beatty, Warren

Beaumont, Harry

Benigni, Roberto, Italian

Benton Robert, US

Beresford, Bruce, Australia

Bergman, Ingmar, Swedish

Bertolucci, Bernardo, Italian

10.Bigelow, Kathryn, US

Bogdanovich, Peter, US

Bong, Joon-ho, Korean

Boorman, John

Borzage, Frank;

Branagh, Kenneth

Brenon, Herbert

Brest, Martin

Brooks, James L.

Brooks, Richard

20. Brown, Clarence

C

Capra

Born in Italy; son of immigrants (upward mobility); Catholic