Road, The (aka La Strada): Fellini's Masterpiece

Italy

“La Strada,” which means “the road,” marks Federico Fellini’s break with the strictures of neo-realism. With this story of a simple-minded peasant girl who is sold to a brutal circus strongman, Fellini created his first allegory.  “La Strada” can be seen as a “Beauty and the Beast” fairy tale. Fellini once called the film “the complete catalogue of my entire mythical world.”

To play the lead, Fellini cast Giulietta Masina (his wife) as Gelsomina, the dim-witted but all heart girl who is sold to Zampano (Anthony Quinn), a traveling strongman to help him with his circus act.   The two make an odd couple: He, tall and brute, she, small and unassuming.
 
As the announcer of Zampano’s act, Gelsomina’s job is to beat the drum and play the trumpet, but nothing that she does can please him, and he mistreats and abuses her as an assistant-slave and mistress. Things change when they join a circus and meet il Matto, ‘the fool,” (played by Richard Basehart), an artist who treats the girl gently. Matto’s accidental death shocks Gelsomina and leads to emotional breakdown.
 
Going beyond the rules of neo-realism, the film was viciously attacked by leftist critics. One Marxist critic, Guido Aristarco, wrote of “La Strada”: “We have declared, and do declare, that it is wrong; its perspective is wrong.” When the film won the Silver Lion, the second highest honor of the Venice Film Festival, actual fights broke out.
 
The film is in fact more Christian than Marxist. The peasant girl’s devotion to the brute takes Christ’s admonition to love one’s neighbor to an extreme. Fellini once explained, “Perhaps my spiritual world is, in fact, this instinctive wish to do good for those who know only evil, to make them catch a glimpse of hope, of the chance of a better life, and to find in everyone, even the worst intentioned, a core of goodness.”
 
Fellini became an unwitting flag-bearer for the Catholic Church, for the Church wholly embraced La Strada. The Church saw the film as a welcome return to spirituality and Christian ideals. The international film community also rejoiced at the film.
 
The score by Nino Rota, who composed the music of many of Fellini’s pictures, is brilliant and huanting. The circus later became one of the most recognizable Felliniesque motifs.  The acting of the central trio is superb, particularly of Masina, who combines pathos and pantomime (some Italian critics dubbed her “the female Chaplin”), rendering one of the most emotional performances committed on screen.
 
Fellini was born in 1920 to a farming and trading family in the coastal town of Rimini. As a young man, he wound up in Rome and tried to become a journalist. Fellini began his film career in the Italian neo-realist movement, which started at the end of World War II. He collaborated with Roberto Rossellini on the screenplays for “Open City” (1946) and “Paisan” (1946). Eventually, Fellini was to become the best-known Italian filmmaker outside of his country.
 
Cast
 
Gelsomina (Giulietta Masina)
Zampano (Anthony Quinn)
Matto (the fool) (Richard Basehart)
Columbiani (Aldo Silvani)
La Vedova (Marcella Rovere)
La Sourina (Livia Venturini)
 
Credits
 
Produced by Carlo Ponti and Dino De Launrentiis
Camera: Otello Martelli
Editor: Leo Catozzo, Lina Caterini
Art direction: Mario Ravasco and E. Cervelli
Music: Nino Rota
B/W
Running Time: 107 minutes
 
Oscar Alert
 
Oscar Awards: 1
 
Best Foreign Language Oscar
 
Oscar Nominations: 1
 
Screenplay (Original): Federico Fellini and Tullio Pinelli.
 
Oscar Context:
 
The other nominees for the foreign-language Oscar were: “The Captain of Kopenick” from the Federal Republic of Germany, “Gervais” from France, “Harp of Burma” from Japan, and Qivitoq” from Denmark.