Ride the High Country (1962): Peckinpah’s Ode to the Old West and Old Actors Randolph Scott and Joel McCrea

Director Sam Peckinpah’s second feature, Ride the High Country, is both a swan song to the codes of the Old West and a celebration of two vet actors, Randolph Scott and Joel McCrea, who have contributed immeasurably to the genre but had never been acknowledged.

Ride the High Country
Ride the High Country Poster.jpg

Theatrical release poster

The  script is credited solely to TV writer N. B. Stone, Jr., but there were major contributions by Stone’s colleague, William S. Roberts, and Peckinpah himself.

Set at the turn of the century, the film opens in the town of Hornitos, which is in the midst of a celebration. Steve Judd (McCrea), an aging former lawman, thinks the crowd cheers for him, but he is reminded of the changing times when a car nearly runs him over.

Steve serves as an escort a gold shipment from the mining town of Coarse Gold back to a bank in Hornitos, but the banker is taken aback by his age. Steve reads his contract in the bathroom so that the banker won’t see that he needs spectacles.

After getting the job, he hires help for the trip, beginning with Gil Westrum (Scott), a fellow former lawman who has survived by dressing up as the “Oregon Kid,” selling out his former heroic image.

Steve hires Gil and his young sidekick Heck Longtree (Starr), but Gil plans to steal the gold.

Spoiler Alert: Last Scene

When they reach Elsa’s farm, the Hammond brothers are waiting for them, having already killed her father. A gunfight breaks out and both Judd and Heck are wounded. Gil comes riding in to help his old friend, and together they insult and challenge the brothers to a shootout, in which all three siblings die and Judd is mortally wounded. He tells his old friend, “I don’t want them to see this. I’ll go it alone.” When Gil pledges to take care of everything just like he would have, Judd says, “Hell, I know that. I always did. You just forgot it for a while, that’s all.” Judd casts a look back towards the high country before expiring. The film’s final shot is of the mountains in the background.

One of Peckinpah’s recurring themes is that of older men who have lived past their times in history, and find it difficult to adjust to the changing times and mores.  This is a motif that he would develop in his 1969 masterpiece, “The Wild Bunch.”

The two protagonists are burdened with guilt for sometimes failing to live up to the high standards they had set for themselves, and the even higher expectations of them by others. What separates and elevates them from the villains they encounter is a personal code of honor, an inner conscience.

In this respect, Ride the High Country is both an exterior and interior journey, during which the two men confront their demons and try to regain self-respect as well as respect by others.

Casting and Billing

McCrea, who had originally agreed to play the part of Gil Westrum, the lawman gone bad, felt uncomfortable with the role as he had never played a villain before and asked Lyons if he could see how Scott felt about switching parts. Meanwhile, Scott confessed that he was feeling insecure about his role and wondered if McCrea would mind a swap. Much to the actors’ relief, the roles were switched.  As for which star would receive top billing, a public coin toss at the Brown Derby restaurant solved that problem–Randolph Scott won.

Peckinpah’s attention to detail and character makes this film a remarkable Western.

Both Scott, in his final screen role, and McCrea render honest, subtle, and credible performances.

The supporting cast includes Edgar Buchanan, James Drury, Warren Oates, and Ron Starr.

Shooting was completed in 26 days, but a shake-up at MGM saw Peckinpah supporter Sol Siegel ousted and replaced by Joseph R. Vogel, who barred the director from the studio.

Made on a modest budget of less than $1 million, the movie was well received by critics and scored moderate success at the box-office.

Critical Status

Initially, the film was much better received in foreign countries than in the U.S., winning important prizes at the Cannes Film Festival, the Brussels Film Fest, and the Mexican Film Fest.

In 1992, Ride the High Country was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the U.S. Library of Congress for being deemed “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.”

Cast
Randolph Scott as Gil Westrum
Joel McCrea as Steve Judd
Mariette Hartley as Elsa Knudsen
Ron Starr as Heck Longtree
Edgar Buchanan as Judge Tolliver
R.G. Armstrong as Joshua Knudsen
Jenie Jackson as Kate
James Drury as Billy Hammond
L.Q. Jones as Sylvus Hammond
John Anderson as Elder Hammond
John Davis Chandler as Jimmy Hammond
Warren Oates as Henry Hammond

Credits:

Directed by Sam Peckinpah

Produced by Richard E. Lyons

Written by N. B. Stone Jr., Peckinpah and William Roberts (uncredited)
Music by George Bassman

Cinematography: Lucien Ballard

Edited by Frank Santillo
Production and Distribution:Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date: June 20, 1962
Running time: 94 minutes