Oscar: Mentally Ill and Physically Disabled–Part 1–Amnesia, Blindness, Deafness, Schizophrenia (Critic Pauline Kael Predicting/Dismissing the Oscar)

In 1969, upon watching the British actor John Mills, as the mute village idiot in David Lean’s Ryan’s Daughter, the critic Pauline Kael alerted her New Yorker readers, and derided the Academy voters, when she wrote: “This is the kind of thing that gets people Academy Awards, because the acting is so conspicuous.”
Kael was right: Mills, a distinguished actor who had never been nominated before, did win the Best Supporting Actor Oscar.

Two decades later, Kael dismissed Penny Marshall’s Awakenings, the screen adaptation of Oliver Sack’s tragicomic best-seller about brain sickness, which inexplicably garnered Best Picture and Best Actor nomination for Robert De Niro.

Kael held that the De Niro patient didn’t exist except as fodder for pathos, and the whole movie epitomized a “forced banalization” of the viewers’ emotions into “showbiz shtick.”

For her, Awakenings represented “a do-gooding synthesis” of three Best Picture winners: Charly, One Flew Over the Cuckoos’ Nest, and Rain Man.

It was hard not to notice that all three leading men in those pictures have won the Actor Oscar: Cliff Richardson, Jack Nicholson, and Dustin Hoffman, respectively.

The history of the Academy Awards is a veritable dictionary of diseases, both physical and mental. And this year is no different, with the frontrunners for Oscars in all four acting categories suffering from a wide range of afflictions, illnesses, and disabilities.

My Oscar Book:

Here is a sample of diseases that proved to be among Oscar voters (listed alphabetically):

Amnesia

Jim Carrey and Kate Winslet are just the latest performers to appear in a film, the serio comedy Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, whose major plot twist is amnesia, or loss of memory.

If nominated, Carrey and Winslet would join the honorable company of Ronald Colman, who earned an Actor nomination in 1942 for Random Harvest, as an amnesiac who becomes enchanted with his own wife (the stately Greer Garson). Ingrid Bergman received her second Best Actress for playing an amnesiac in Anastasia, as a woman who may or may not be pretending to be the youngest daughter of czar Nicholas II, rumored to have escaped the Bolshevik Revolution.

Blindness

In “Ray,” Jamie Foxx gives an incandescent performance as the legendary musician Ray Charles, who became blind as a young boy and fought drug-addiction as an adult.

If nominated, Foxx will be in the company of Al Pacino, who was awarded the Best Actor at his eighth nomination for Scent of a Woman, in which he played a brash and acerbic lieutenant colonel, who’s blind, saved from suicide by a young protege.

Patty Duke’s received the 1962 Supporting Oscar as the blind-and-deaf Helen Keller in The Miracle Worker. The graceful Audrey Hepburn received her fifth Actress nomination for playing a victim in the stage-based thriller, Wait Until Dark, as a blind woman who, unbeknownst to her, owns a doll filled with drugs.

Other thespians nominated for playing blind persons include: Claude Rains as Bette Davis’s blind husband in Mr. Skeffington; Arthur Kennedy as a blinded soldier in Bright Light; Elizabeth Hartman in Patch of Blue; John Malkovich, as a blind man residing in Sally Field’s Texas farm, in Places in the Heart.

Deaf-Mute

Winning the Best Actress Oscar for “Johnny Belinda,” elevated the stature of Jane Wyman in the industry, leading to three other nominations. Wyman played a quintessential Oscar role: a deaf-mute girl named Belinda McDonald, who lives with her father and aunt on a remote Canadian island. The villagers think Belinda is retarded, but a visiting doctor helps her learn sign language. Raped by the local bully, Belinda bears a child, but, because she is unable to communicate, the village suspects that the doctor is the father of her child.

Receiving accolades in Sweet and Lowdown, British Samantha Morton, nominated for playing Sean Penn’s mute laundress-girlfriend. In The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Oscar-nominated Alan Arkin played a deaf-mute who changes the lives of the residents of a small southern town, including that of a sensitive adolescent girl, played by Oscar-nominated Sondra Locke in her very first screen role.

Physical Deformity and Disability

If Javier Bardem gets a nod from the Academy for The Sea Inside, in which he embodying the physically immobile Spaniard poet, he will join the company of Supporting winner Harold Russell, a real-life hero who played himself in The Best Years of Our Lives, and Best Actor winner Jon Voight, as a sensitive Vietnam vet on a wheelchair in Coming Home.

Jose Ferrer and Gerard Depardieu were cursed with a big nose and blessed with a poetic soul in Cyrano de Bergerac. Ferrer won the 1950 Best Actor for the American version, whereas Depardieu was nominated for the 1990 French film, directed by Jean-Paul Rappeneau. Jose Ferrer’s second Actor nomination was for playing the French dwarf painter Toulouse-Lautrec in John Huston’s version of Moulin Rouge. Michael Dunn, a dwarf, was probably the best thing in Ship of Fools, serving as the story’s moral conscience and most normal character.

Sheer Madness and Mentally Challenged Roles

The following Oscar winners and nominees have played characters descending into madness, for one reason or another: Emil Jannings, The Last Command; Vivien Leigh, A Streetcar Named Desire; Bette Davis, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane

Then there’s the questionable and inexplicable supporting nomination of Brad Pitt for Terry Gilliam’s Twelve Monkeys, in which he played a rebel son escaping from an asylum. No doubt, Pitt, a hot box-office star, was also rewarded by the Academy for taking a risky role, though his interpretation was stereotypical and full of cliches the public associates with movieish madmen.

Mental Breakdown

Was Howard Hughes, the subject of Scorsese’s Aviator, a mental case, a billionaire-entrepreneur who loved glamour and women, but ended up living a reclusive, demented life. Cast as Hughes, Leonardo DiCaprio is considered a frontrunner in this year’s Oscar derby, and, for those who care to remember, DiCaprio’s first got the Academy’s attention as Johnny Depp’s mentally retarded younger brother in What’s Eating Gilbert Grapes

If DiCaprio receives a nod, his name will be added to an honorable roster that includes: Gregory Peck, Twelve O’Clock High; James Stewart, Harvey; Humphrey Bogart, The Caine Mutiny; Bette Davis, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane Carrie Snodgress, Diary of a Mad Housewife; Gena Rowlands, A Woman Under the Influence, and French star Isabelle Adjani, receiving not one but two nominations for playing mentally disturbed women, in The Story of Adele H. and Camille Claudel. Other mental cases include: Jack Nicholson and Brad Dourif in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest; Ronee Blakley in Nashville; Peter Finch in Network; and Peter Firth in Equus.

Mental Retardation

An otherwise mediocre actor, Cliff Robertson received the Best Actor at his first (and only) nomination, for Charly (1968), about a mentally retarded adult who undergoes brain surgery and blossoms into a genius only to learn that he is doomed to regress to his initial moronic state. Adapted by Stirling Silliphant from the novel, Flowers for Algernon, that had been dramatized on TV with Robertson in 1961, Charly was a sentimental, outdated problem drama. Robertson fell in love with the role, bought the movie rights, and after years of trying to set the film at various studios, persuaded Selmur Productions to make it.

Other actors recognized by the Academy for playing mentally retarded roles include Peter Sellers in Being There, and Tom Hanks in Forrest Gump. In 2001, Sean Penn received a lead nomination in I Am Sam, in which he played a mentally retarded father (with an I.Q. of a seven-year-old) who fights the courts over custody of his smarter daughter. Inevitable comparisons were made between Penn’s role and those played by Hanks in Forrest Gump (I.Q. of 75) and Dustin Hoffman’s in Rain Man, in which he played an autistic idiot savant.

Multiple Personalities and Schizophrenia

At least three performers won the lead Oscar for playing schizophrenics: Frederic March in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; Joanne Woodward in The Three Faces of Eve; and Russell Crowe in A Beautiful Mind.

Disclosed and Undisclosed Fatal Illnesses

Daniel Day-Lewis, afflicted with Cerebral Palsy in My Left Foot; Dustin Hoffman, dying in Jon Voight’s arms, at the end of Midnight Cowboy; Diane Keaton, suffering valiantly and losing her hair in Marvin’s Room; Jessica Lange, going through painful and damaging lobotomy, in Francis.

Last but not least, the Academy has shown respect for characters suffering from what could be described as Posttraumatic Stress, which seems to be totally in the male domain, with soldiers like Bruce Dern, nominated for Coming Home, and Christopher Walken, winning for another Vietnam war drama, The Deer Hunter. Joining their ranks was one of the youngest winners ever, Timothy Hutton in Ordinary People, blamed by his mother (Mary Tyler Moore) for causing the death of her favorite son in a boat accident.

Though different in quality, intensity, and range, these performances represent Hollywood’s idea of what prestigious and meaty roles are, particularly when contained in noble, uplifting social-problem pictures with inspirational messages. They also demonstrate how crucial are the thematic elements of screen roles, in this case illnesses and disabilities, to being nominated and wining the Oscar.

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosokeonhacaiketquabongdalichthidau7m.newskqbdtysokeobongdabongdalufutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbsport.fitonbet88.oooi9bet.bizhi88.ooookvip.atf8bet.atfb88.cashvn88.cashshbet.atbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩa开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育亚新体育亚新体育亚新体育爱游戏爱游戏爱游戏华体会华体会华体会IM体育IM体育沙巴体育沙巴体育PM体育PM体育AG尊龙AG尊龙AG尊龙AG百家乐AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人<AG真人<皇冠体育皇冠体育PG电子PG电子万博体育万博体育KOK体育KOK体育欧宝体育江南体育江南体育江南体育半岛体育半岛体育半岛体育凯发娱乐凯发娱乐杏彩体育杏彩体育杏彩体育FB体育PM真人PM真人<米乐娱乐米乐娱乐天博体育天博体育开元棋牌开元棋牌j9九游会j9九游会开云体育AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88