Oscar Actors: Best Actress–Nominees (Origins, Social Backgrounds, Early Interest in Acting)

Research in Progress (May 12, 2021)

The first Oscar Awards were given in May 1929, for achievements in films made in 1927 and in 1928.

Occupational Inheritance (actress in chronological order)

Parents (father and/or mother actors): 26 out of 151= about 16 percent

Gladys George

Shelley Winters (Opera singer)

Leslie Caron (Dancer)

Dorothy Dandridge

Judy Garland

Nancy Kelly

Natalie Wood (dancer)

Lee Remick

Anouk Aimee

Ida Kaminska

Lynn Redgrave

Vanessa Redgrave

Valerie Perrine

Marie Christine Barraut

Melanie Griffith

Anjelica Huston (model)

Catherine Deneuve

Fernanda Montenegro (singer)

Ju;iette Binoche

Selma Hayek (singer)

Diane Lane (singer)

Keira Knightley

Anne Hathaway

Angelina Jolie

Rosamund Pike (opera singer)

Sairose Ronan

Social Class (151 Actresses)

Lower (Working): 17

Middle: 80

Upper Middle: 41

No Data: 13

 

Best Actress Nominees: 151 (in alphabetical order)

Adams, Amy

Adjani, Isabelle

Alexander, Jane

Allen, Joan

Ann-Margret

Anouk Aimée, Anouk

Aparicio, Yalitza

Arthur, Jean

Bainter, Faye

10. Baker, Carroll

Barrault, Marie-Christine

Bassett, Angela

Baxter, Anne

Bening, Annette

Bergner, Elisabeth

Binoche, Juliette

Blethyn, Brenda

Bujold, Genevieve

Caron, Lesley

20. Carroll, Nancy

Carroll, Diahann

Carter, Helena Bonham

Castle-Hughes, Keisha

Channing, Stockard

Chastain, Jessica

Chatterton, Ruth

Clayburgh, Jill

Close, Glenn

Collins, Pailine

30. Compson, Bette

Craine, Jeanne

Cruz, Penelope

Dandridge, Dorothy

Davis, Judy

Davis, Geena

Davis, Viola

Day, Andra

Day, Doris

Deneuve, Catherine

40. Dern, Laura

Dietrich, Marlene

Dresser, Louise

Dunne, Irene

Eagels, Jeanne

Eggar, Samantha

Erivo, Cynthia

Evans, Edith

Fontanne, Lynn

50.Garbo, Greta

Gardner, Ava

Garland, Judy

George, Gladys

Goldberg, Whoopi

Griffith, Corinne

Griffith, Melanie

Harding, Anne

Harris, Julie

Hartman, Elizabeth

60.Hawkins, Sally

Hawn, Goldie

Hayek, Selma

Hiller, Wendy

Hoffman, Felicity

Hopkins, Miriam

Huppert, Isabelle

Huston, Anjelica

Johansson, Scarlett

Johnson, Celia

70.Jolie, Angelina

Jones, Felicity

Kamińska, Ida

Kane, Carol

Kelly, Nancy

Kerr, Deborah

Kirby, Vanessa

Kirkland, Sally

Lady Gaga

Lane, Diane

80.Laurie, Piper

Leo, Melissa

Linney, Laura

Lombard, Carol

Love, Bessie

McCarthy, Melissa

McDonnell, Mary

McGuire, Dorothy

McNamara, Maggie

McTeer, Janet

90.MacGraw, Ali

Mara, Rooney

Mason, Marsha

Mercouri, Melina

Midler, Bette

Miles, Sarah

Montenegro, Fernanda

Moore, Grace

Moore, Mary Tyler

Moreno, Catalina Sandino

100.Morton, Samantha

Mulligan, Carey

Negga, Ruth

Oberon, Merle

Parker, Eleanor

Perrine, Valerie

Pfeiffer, Michelle

Pike, Rosamund

Rampling, Charlotte

Redgrave, Lynn

110.Redgrave, Vanessa

Remick, Lee

Reynolds, Debbie

Richardson, Miranda

Riva, Emmanuelle

Roberts, Rachel

Robbie, Margot

Robson, May

Ronan, Sairose

Ross, Diana

120.Rowlands, Gena

Russell, Rosalind

Ryder, Winona

Scott Thomas, Kristin

Scott, Martha

Shire, Talia

Shue, Elizabeth

Sidibe, Gabourey

Simmons, Jean

Snodgress, Carrie

130.Stanley, Kim

Stanwyck, Barbara

Stone, Sharon

Sullavan, Margaret

Suzman, Janet

Swanson, Gloria

Tierney, Jean

Turner, Kathleen

Turner, Lana

Tyson, Cicley

140.Ullmann, Liv

Wallis, Quvenzhane

Walters, Julie

Watson, Emily

Watts, Naomi

Weaver, Sigourney

Williams, Michelle

Winger, Debra

Winters, Shelley

Wood, Natalie

Wright, Teresa

151.Wynyard, Diana

 

1927-1928 (1st)

Louise Dresser, Mrs. Pleznik, A Ship Comes In
Gloria Swanson, Sadie Thompson, Sadie Thompson

1928-1929 (2nd)

Ruth Chatterton, Jacqueline Floriot, Madame X
Betty Compson, Carrie, The Barker
Jeanne Eagels, Leslie Crosbie The Letter
Corinne Griffith, Emma Hamilton, The Divine Lady
Bessie Love, Hank Mahoney The Broadway Melody

1929-1930

Nancy Carroll, Hallie Hobart, The Devil’s Holiday
Ruth Chatterton, Sarah Storm, Sarah and Son
Greta Garbo, Anna Christie, Anna Christie; Madame Rita Cavallini, Romance
Norma Shearer, Lucia Marlett, Their Own Desire
Gloria Swanson, Marion Donnell, The Trespasser

1930s
1930-1931

Marlene Dietrich, Mademoiselle Amy Jolly, Morocco
Irene Dunne, Sabra Cravat, Cimarron
Ann Harding, Linda Seton, Holiday
Norma Shearer, Jan Ashe, A Free Soul

1931-1932

Marie Dressler, Emma Thatcher Smith, Emma
Lynn Fontanne, The Actress, The Guardsman

1932-1933 (6th)

May Robson, Apple Annie, Lady for a Day
Diana Wynyard, Jane Marryot, Cavalcade

1934 (7th)

Grace Moore, Mary Barrett, One Night of Love
Norma Shearer, Elizabeth Barrett. The Barretts of Wimpole Street

Bette Davis (Write-in), Mildred Rogers, Of Human Bondage

1935 (8th)

Elisabeth Bergner, Gemma Jones, Escape Me Never
Claudette Colbert, Jane Everest, Private Worlds
Katharine Hepburn, Alice Adams, Alice Adams
Miriam Hopkins, Becky Sharp, Becky Sharp
Merle Oberon, Kitty Vane, The Dark Angel

1936 (9th)

Irene Dunne, Theodora Lynn–Caroline Adams, Theodora Goes Wild
Gladys George, Carrie Snyder, Valiant Is the Word for Carrie
Carole Lombard, Irene Bullock, My Man Godfrey
Norma Shearer, Juliet Capulet, Romeo and Juliet

1937 (10th)

Irene Dunne, Lucy Warriner, The Awful Truth
Greta Garbo, Marguerite Gautier, Camille
Janet Gaynor, Esther Victoria Blodgett / Vicki Lester, A Star Is Born
Barbara Stanwyck, Stella Martin Dallas, Stella Dallas

1938 (11th)

Fay Bainter, Hannah Parmalee, White Banners
Wendy Hiller, Eliza Doolittle, Pygmalion
Norma Shearer, Marie Antoinette. Marie Antoinette
Margaret Sullavan, Patricia “Pat” Hollmann, Three Comrades

1939 (12th)

Bette Davis, Judith Traherne, Dark Victory
Irene Dunne, Terry McKay, Love Affair
Greta Garbo, Nina Yakushova “Ninotchka” Ivanoff, Ninotchka
Greer Garson, Katherine Bridges, Goodbye, Mr. Chips

1940s

Bette Davis, Leslie Crosbie, The Letter
Joan Fontaine, The Second Mrs. de Winter, Rebecca
Katharine Hepburn, Tracy Lord, The Philadelphia Story
Martha Scott, Emily Webb, Our Town

1941 (14th)

Bette Davis, Regina Giddens, The Little Foxes
Olivia de Havilland, Emmy Brown, Hold Back the Dawn
Greer Garson, Edna Gladney, Blossoms in the Dust
Barbara Stanwyck, Katherine “Sugarpuss” O’Shea, Ball of Fire

1942 (15th)

Bette Davis, Charlotte Vale, Now, Voyager
Katharine Hepburn, Tess Harding Woman of the Year
Rosalind Russell, Ruth Sherwood, My Sister Eileen
Teresa Wright, Eleanor Twitchell Gehrig, The Pride of the Yankees

1943 (16th)

Jean Arthur, Constance “Connie” Milligan, The More the Merrier
Ingrid Bergman, María, For Whom the Bell Tolls
Joan Fontaine, Tessa Sanger, The Constant Nymph
Greer Garson, Marie Curie, Madame Curie

1944 (17th)

Claudette Colbert, Anne Hilton, Since You Went Away
Bette Davis, Fanny Trellis, Mr. Skeffington
Greer Garson, Susie “Sparrow” Parkington, Mrs. Parkington
Barbara Stanwyck, Phyllis Dietrichson, Double Indemnity

1945 (18th)

Ingrid Bergman, Mary Benedict, The Bells of St. Mary’s
Greer Garson, Mary Rafferty, The Valley of Decision
Jennifer Jones, Singleton, Love Letters
Gene Tierney, Ellen Berent Harland, Leave Her to Heaven

1946 (19th)

Celia Johnson, Laura Jesson Brief Encounter
Jennifer Jones, Pearl Chavez, Duel in the Sun
Rosalind Russel, Elizabeth Kenny, Sister Kenny
Jane Wyman, Orry Baxter, The Yearling

1947 (20th)

Joan Crawford, Louise Howell, Possessed
Susan Hayward, Angelica Evans Conway, Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman
Dorothy McGuire, Kathy Lacy, Gentleman’s Agreement
Rosalind Russell, Lavinia Mannon, Mourning Becomes Electra

1948 (21st)

Ingrid Bergman, Joan of Arc, Joan of Arc
Olivia de Havilland, Virginia Stuart Cunningham, The Snake Pit
Irene Dunne, Martha Hanso,I Remember Mama
Barbara Stanwyck, Leona Stevenson, Sorry, Wrong Number

1949 (22nd)

Jeanne Crain, Patricia “Pinky” Johnson, Pinky
Susan Hayward, Eloise Winters, My Foolish Heart
Deborah Kerr, Evelyn Boult, Edward, My Son
Loretta Young, Margaret, Come to the Stable

1950s

1950 (23rd)

Anne Baxter, Eve Harrington, All About Eve
Bette Davis, Margo Channing, All About Eve
Eleanor Parker, Marie Allen, Caged
Gloria Swanson, Norma Desmond, Sunset Boulevard

1951 (24th)

Katharine Hepburn, Rose Sayer. The African Queen
Eleanor Parker, Mary McLeod, Detective Story
Shelley Winters, Alice Tripp. A Place in the Sun
Jane Wyman, Louise Mason, The Blue Veil

1952 (25th)

Joan Crawford, Myra Hudson, Sudden Fear
Bette Davis, Margaret Elliot, The Star
Julie Harris, Frances “Frankie” Addams, The Member of the Wedding
Susan Hayward,  Jane Froman, With a Song in My Heart

1953 (26th)

Leslie Caron, Lili Daurier, Lili
Ava Gardner, Eloise “Honey Bear” Kelly, Mogambo
Deborah Kerr, Karen Holmes, From Here to Eternity
Maggie McNamara, Patty O’Neill, The Moon Is Blue

1954 (27th)

Dorothy Dandridge, Carmen Jones, Carmen Jones
Judy Garland, Esther Victoria Blodgett/Vicki Lester, A Star Is Born
Audrey Hepburn, Sabrina Fairchild, Sabrina
Jane Wyman, Helen Phillips, Magnificent Obsession

1955 (28th)

Susan Hayward, Lillian Roth, I’ll Cry Tomorrow
Katharine Hepburn, Jane Hudson, Summertime
Jennifer Jones, Han Suyin, Love is a Many-Splendored Thing
Eleanor Parker, Marjorie Lawrence, Interrupted Melody

1956 (29th)

Carroll Baker, Baby Doll Meighan, Baby Doll
Katharine Hepburn, Lizzie Curry, The Rainmaker
Nancy Kelly, Christine Penmark, The Bad Seed
Deborah Kerr, Anna Leonowens The King and I

1957 (30th)

Deborah Kerr, Angela, Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
Anna Magnani, Gioia, Wild Is the Wind
Elizabeth Taylor, Susanna Drake, Raintree County
Lana Turner, Constance MacKenzie, Peyton Place

1958 (31st)

Deborah Kerr, Sibyl Railton-Bell, Separate Tables
Shirley MacLaine, Ginnie Moorehead, Some Came Running
Rosalind Russell, Mame Dennis, Auntie Mame
Elizabeth Taylor, Margaret “Maggie the Cat” Pollitt, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

1959 (32nd)

Doris Day, Jan Morrow, Pillow Talk
Audrey Hepburn, Gabrielle van der Mal, The Nun’s Story
Katharine Hepburn, Violet Venable, Suddenly, Last Summer
Elizabeth Taylor, Catherine Holly, Suddenly, Last Summer

1960 (33rd)

Greer Garson, Eleanor Roosevelt, Sunrise at Campobello
Deborah Kerr, Ida Carmody, The Sundowners
Shirley MacLaine, Fran Kubelik, The Apartment
Melina Mercouri, Ilya, Never on Sunday

1961 (34th)

Audrey Hepburn, Holly Golightly/Lula Mae Barnes, Breakfast at Tiffany’s
Piper Laurie, Sarah Packard, The Hustler
Geraldine Page, Alma Winemiller, Summer and Smoke
Natalie Wood, Wilma Dean “Deanie” Loomis, Splendor in the Grass

1962 (35th)

Bette Davis, Baby Jane Hudson, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?
Katharine Hepburn, Mary Cavan Tyrone, Long Day’s Journey into Night
Geraldine Page, Alexandra Del Lago, Sweet Bird of Youth
Lee Remick, Kirsten Arnesen Clay, Days of Wine and Roses

1963 (36th)

Leslie Caron, Jane Fossett, The L-Shaped Room
Shirley MacLaine, Irma La Douce, Irma la Douce
Rachel Roberts, Margaret Hammond, This Sporting Life
Natalie Wood, Angie Rossini, Love with the Proper Stranger

1964 (37th)

Anne Bancroft, Jo Armitage, The Pumpkin Eater
Sophia Loren, Filumena Marturano, Marriage Italian Style
Debbie Reynolds, Molly Brown, The Unsinkable Molly Brown
Kim Stanley, Myra Savage Séance on a Wet Afternoon

1965 (38th)

Julie Andrews, Maria von Trapp, The Sound of Music
Samantha Eggar, Miranda Grey, The Collector
Elizabeth Hartman, Selina D’Arcy, A Patch of Blue
Simone Signoret, La Contessa, Ship of Fools

1966 (39th)

Anouk Aimée, Anne Gauthier, A Man and a Woman
Ida Kamińska, Rozalie Lautmann, The Shop on Main Street
Lynn Redgrave, Georgina “Georgy” Parkin, Georgy Girl
Vanessa Redgrave, Leonie Delt, Morgan!

1967 (40th)

Anne Bancroft, Mrs. Robinson, The Graduate
Faye Dunaway, Bonnie Parker, Bonnie and Clyde
Edith Evans, Maggie Ross, The Whisperers
Audrey Hepburn, Susy Hendrix, Wait Until Dark

1968 (41st)

Patricia Neal, Nettie Cleary, The Subject Was Roses
Vanessa Redgrave, Isadora Duncan, Isadora
Joanne Woodward, Rachel Cameron, Rachel, Rachel

1969 (42nd)

Geneviève Bujold, Anne Boleyn, Anne of the Thousand Days
Jane Fonda, Gloria Beatty, They Shoot Horses, Don’t They?
Liza Minnelli, Mary Ann “Pookie” Adams, The Sterile Cuckoo
Jean Simmons, Mary Wilson, The Happy Ending

1970 (43rd)

Jane Alexander, Eleanor Backman, The Great White Hope
Ali MacGraw, Jennifer Cavalleri-Barrett, Love Story
Sarah Miles, Rosy Ryan, Ryan’s Daughter
Carrie Snodgress, Bettina “Tina” Balser, Diary of a Mad Housewife

1971 (44th)

Julie Christie, Constance Miller, McCabe & Mrs. Miller
Glenda Jackson, Alex Greville, Sunday Bloody Sunday
Vanessa Redgrave, Mary, Queen of Scots, Mary, Queen of Scots
Janet Suzman, Empress Alexandra of Russia, Nicholas and Alexandra

1972 (45th)

Diana Ross, Billie Holiday, Lady Sings the Blues
Maggie Smith, Augusta Bertram, Travels with My Aunt
Cicely Tyson, Rebecca Morgan, Sounder
Liv Ullmann, Kristina Nilsson, The Emigrants

1973 (46th)

Ellen Burstyn, Chris MacNeil, The Exorcist
Marsha Mason, Maggie Paul, Cinderella Liberty
Barbra Streisand, Katie Morosky, The Way We Were
Joanne Woodward, Rita Walden, Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams

1974 (47th)

Diahann Carroll, Claudine Price, Claudine
Faye Dunaway, Evelyn Cross Mulwray, Chinatown
Valerie Perrine, Harriett Jolliff / Honey Bruce, Lenny
Gena Rowlands, Mabel Longhetti, A Woman Under the Influence

1975 (48th)

Isabelle Adjani, Adèle Hugo / Adèle Lewly, The Story of Adele H.
Ann-Margret, Nora Walker, Tommy
Glenda Jackson, Hedda Gabler, Hedda
Carol Kane, Gitl, Hester Street

1976 (49th)

Marie-Christine Barrault, Marthe, Cousin Cousine
Talia Shire, Adrian Pennino, Rocky
Sissy Spacek, Carrie White, Carrie
Liv Ullmann, Jenny Isaksson, Face to Face

1977 (50th)

Anne Bancroft, Emma Jacklin, The Turning Point
Jane Fonda, Lillian Hellman, Julia
Shirley MacLaine, Deedee Rodgers, The Turning Point
Marsha Mason, Paula McFadden, The Goodbye Girl

1978 (51st)

Ingrid Bergman, Charlotte Andergast, Autumn Sonata
Ellen Burstyn, Doris, Same Time, Next Year
Jill Clayburgh, Erica Benton, An Unmarried Woman
Geraldine Page, Eve, Interiors

1979 (52nd)

Jill Clayburgh, Marilyn Holmberg, Starting Over
Jane Fonda, Kimberly Wells, The China Syndrome
Marsha Mason, Jennie MacLaine, Chapter Two
Bette Midler, Mary Rose Foster, The Rose

1980 (53rd)

Ellen Burstyn, Edna Mae Harper-McCauley, Resurrection
Goldie Hawn, Judy Benjamin, Private Benjamin
Mary Tyler Moore, Beth Jarrett, Ordinary People
Gena Rowlands, Gloria Swenson, Gloria

1981 (54th)

Diane Keaton, Louise Bryant, Reds
Marsha Mason, Georgia Hines, Only When I Laugh
Susan Sarandon, Sally Matthews, Atlantic City
Meryl Streep, Anna /Sara Woodruff, The French Lieutenant’s Woman

1982 (55th)

Julie Andrews, Victor Grazinski /Victoria Grant, Victor/Victoria
Jessica Lange, Frances Farmer, Frances
Sissy Spacek, Beth Horman, Missing
Debra Winger, Paula Pokrifki, An Officer and a Gentleman

1983 (56th)

Jane Alexander, Carol Wetherly, Testament
Meryl Streep, Karen Silkwood, Silkwood
Julie Walters, Susan White/Rita, Educating Rita
Debra Winger, Emma Greenway Horton, Terms of Endearment

1984 (57th)

Judy Davis, Adela Quested, A Passage to India
Jessica Lange, Jewell Ivy, Country
Vanessa Redgrave, Olive Chancellor, The Bostonians
Sissy Spacek, Mae Garvey, The River

1985 (58th)

Anne Bancroft, Miriam Ruth / Anna Maria Burchetti, Agnes of God
Whoopi Goldberg, Celie Harris-Johnson, The Color Purple
Jessica Lange, Patsy Cline, Sweet Dreams
Meryl Streep, Karen Blixen, Out of Africa

1986 (59th)

Jane Fonda, Alex Sternbergen / Viveca Van Loren, The Morning After

Sissy Spacek, Babe Botrelle / Rebecca MaGrath, Crimes of the Heart
Kathleen Turner, Peggy Sue Kelcher-Bodell, Peggy Sue Got Married
Sigourney Weaver, Ellen Ripley, Aliens

1987 (60th)

Cher, Loretta Castorini, Moonstruck

Glenn Close, Alex Forrest, Fatal Attraction
Holly Hunter, Jane Craig, Broadcast News

Sally Kirkland, Anna, Anna
Meryl Streep, Helen Archer, Ironweed

1988 (61st)

Glenn Close, Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil, Dangerous Liaisons
Melanie Griffith, Tess McGill, Working Girl
Meryl Streep, Lindy Chamberlain, A Cry in the Dark
Sigourney Weaver, Dian Fossey, Gorillas in the Mist

1989 (62nd)

Isabelle Adjani, Camille Claudel, Camille Claudel
Pauline Collins, Shirley Valentine-Bradshaw, Shirley Valentine
Jessica Lange, Ann Talbot, Music Box
Michelle Pfeiffer, Susie Diamond, The Fabulous Baker Boys

1990s

1990 (63rd)

Anjelica Huston, Lilly Dillon, The Grifters
Julia Roberts, Vivian Ward, Pretty Woman
Meryl Streep, Suzanne Vale, Postcards from the Edge
Joanne Woodward, India Bridge, Mr. & Mrs. Bridge

1991 (64th)

Geena Davis, Thelma Dickinson, Thelma & Louise
Laura Dern, Rose, Rambling Rose
Bette Midler, Dixie Leonard, For the Boys
Susan Sarandon, Louise Sawyer, Thelma & Louise

1992 (65th)

Catherine Deneuve, Éliane Devries, Indochine
Mary McDonnell, May-Alice Culhane, Passion Fish
Michelle Pfeiffer, Louise Irene “Lurene” Hallett, Love Field
Susan Sarandon, Michaela Murphy Odone, Lorenzo’s Oil

1993 (66th)

Angela Bassett Anna Mae Bullock / Tina Turner, What’s Love Got to Do with It
Stockard Channing, Louisa “Ouisa” Kittredge, Six Degrees of Separation
Emma Thompson, Sarah “Sally” Kenton, The Remains of the Day
Debra Winger, Joy Davidman, Shadowlands

1994 (67th)

Jodie Foster, Nell Kellty, Nell
Miranda Richardson, Vivienne Haigh-Wood, Tom & Viv
Winona Ryder, Josephine “Jo” March, Little Women
Susan Sarandon, Regina “Reggie” Love, The Client

1995 (68th)

Elisabeth Shue, Sera, Leaving Las Vegas
Sharon Stone, Ginger McKenna, Casino
Meryl Streep, Francesca Johnson, The Bridges of Madison County
Emma Thompson, Elinor Dashwood, Sense and Sensibility

1996 (69th)

Brenda Blethyn, Cynthia Rose Purley, Secrets & Lies
Diane Keaton, Bessie Wakefield, Marvin’s Room
Kristin Scott Thomas, Katharine Clifton, The English Patient
Emily Watson, Bess McNeill, Breaking the Waves

1997 (70th)

Helena Bonham Carter,  Kate Croy, The Wings of the Dove
Julie Christie, Phyllis Hart, Afterglow
Judi Dench, Queen Victoria, Mrs Brown
Kate Winslet, Rose DeWitt Bukater, Titanic

1998  (71st)

Cate Blanchett, Queen Elizabeth I, Elizabeth
Fernanda Montenegro, Isadora “Dora” Teixeira, Central Station
Meryl Streep, Kate Gulden, One True Thing
Emily Watson, Jacqueline du Pré, Hilary and Jackie

1999 (72nd)

Annette Bening, Carolyn Burnham, American Beauty
Janet McTeer, Mary Jo Walker, Tumbleweeds
Julianne Moore, Sarah Miles, The End of the Affair
Meryl Streep, Roberta Guaspari, Music of the Heart

2000s

2000 (73rd)

Joan Allen, Laine Hanson, The Contender
Juliette Binoche, Vianne Rocher, Chocolat
Ellen Burstyn, Sara Goldfarb, Requiem for a Dream
Laura Linney, Samantha “Sammy” Prescott, You Can Count On Me

2001 (74th)

Judi Dench, Iris Murdoch, Iris
Nicole Kidman, Satine, Moulin Rouge!
Sissy Spacek, Ruth Fowler, In the Bedroom
Renée Zellweger, Bridget Jones, Bridget Jones’s Diary

2002 (75th)

Salma Hayek, Frida Kahlo. Frida
Diane Lane, Constance “Connie” Sumner, Unfaithful
Julianne Moore, Cathy Whitaker, Far from Heaven
Renée Zellweger, Roxie Hart, Chicago

2003 (76th)

Keisha Castle-Hughes, Paikea Apirana, Whale Rider
Diane Keaton, Erica Jane Berry, Something’s Gotta Give
Samantha Morton, Sarah Sullivan, In America
Naomi Watts, Cristina Williams-Peck, 21 Grams

2004 (77th)

Annette Bening, Julia Lambert, Being Julia
Catalina Sandino Moreno, María Álvarez, Maria Full of Grace
Imelda Staunton, Vera Rose Drake, Vera Drake
Kate Winslet, Clementine Kruczynski, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind

2005 (78th)

Judi Dench, Laura Forster-Henderson, Mrs Henderson Presents
Felicity Huffman, Sabrina “Bree” Osbourne Transamerica
Keira Knightley Elizabeth Bennet Pride & Prejudice
Charlize Theron Josey Aimes North Country

2006 (79th)

Penélope Cruz Raimunda Volver
Judi Dench, Barbara Covett, Notes on a Scandal
Meryl Streep, Miranda Priestly, The Devil Wears Prada
Kate Winslet, Sarah Pierce, Little Children

2007 (80th)

Cate Blanchett Queen Elizabeth I Elizabeth: The Golden Age
Julie Christie Fiona Anderson Away from Her
Laura Linney Wendy Savage The Savages
Elliot Page[D] Juno MacGuff Juno

2008 (81st)

Anne Hathaway Kym Buchman Rachel Getting Married
Angelina Jolie Christine Collins Changeling
Melissa Leo Ray Eddy Frozen River
Meryl Streep Sister Aloysius Beauvier Doubt

2009 (82nd)

Helen Mirren Sophia Tolstaya The Last Station
Carey Mulligan Jenny Mellor An Education
Gabourey Sidibe Claireece “Precious” Jones Precious
Meryl Streep Julia Child Julie & Julia

2010s
2010 (83rd)

Annette Bening Nicole Allgood The Kids Are All Right
Nicole Kidman Becca Corbett Rabbit Hole
Jennifer Lawrence Ree Dolly Winter’s Bone
Michelle Williams Cindy Heller Blue Valentine

2011 (84th)

Glenn Close, Albert Nobbs, Albert Nobbs
Viola Davis, Aibileen Clark, The Help
Rooney Mara, Lisbeth Salander, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
Michelle Williams, Marilyn Monroe, My Week with Marilyn

2012 (85th)

Jessica Chastain Maya Zero Dark Thirty
Emmanuelle Riva Anne Laurent Amour
Quvenzhané Wallis Hushpuppy Beasts of the Southern Wild
Naomi Watts Maria Bennett The Impossible

2013 (86th)

Amy Adams, Sydney Prosser, American Hustle
Sandra Bullock, Ryan Stone, Gravity
Judi Dench, Philomena Lee, Philomena
Meryl Streep Violet Weston August: Osage County

2014 (87th)

Marion Cotillard Sandra Bya Two Days, One Night
Felicity Jones Jane Hawking The Theory of Everything
Rosamund Pike Amy Elliott-Dunne / Nancy Gone Girl
Reese Witherspoon, Cheryl Strayed, Wild

2015 (88th)

Cate Blanchett Carol Aird Carol
Jennifer Lawrence Joy Mangano Joy
Charlotte Rampling Kate Mercer 45 Years
Saoirse Ronan Eilis Lacey Brooklyn

2016 (89th)

Isabelle Huppert Michèle Leblanc Elle
Ruth Negga Mildred Loving Loving
Natalie Portman Jacqueline “Jackie” Kennedy Jackie
Meryl Streep Florence Foster Jenkins Florence Foster Jenkins

2017 (90th)

Sally Hawkins Elisa Esposito The Shape of Water
Margot Robbie Tonya Harding I, Tonya
Saoirse Ronan Christine “Lady Bird” McPherson Lady Bird
Meryl Streep Katharine Graham The Post

2018 (91st)

Yalitza Aparicio Cleodegaria “Cleo” Gutiérrez Roma
Glenn Close Joan Castleman The Wife
Lady Gaga Ally Maine A Star Is Born
Melissa McCarthy Lee Israel Can You Ever Forgive Me?

2019 (92nd):

Cynthia Erivo, Harriet Tubman Harriet
Scarlett Johansson, Nicole Barber, Marriage Story
Saoirse Ronan, Josephine “Jo” March, Little Women
Charlize Theron, Megyn Kelly, Bombshell

2020 (93rd):

Viola Davis, Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom

Andra Day, The United States Vs. Billie Holliday

Vanessa Kirby, Pieces of Woman

Carey Mulligan, Most Promising Woman


Louise Dresser:

Louise Josephine Kerlin was born on October 5, 1878, in Evansville, Indiana to Ida (née Shaffer) and William S. Kerlin, a railroad engineer who died when she was 15 years old. She had a younger brother, William Lambert Kerlin.

Dresser took her professional last name from Paul Dresser, who was a friend of her father. Dresser launched her as his younger sister, and she took on his last name.

Dresser worked as a burlesque dancer and singer at the Boston dime museum and then made her vaudeville debut in 1900. She formed a team named “Louise Dresser and Her Picks,” a singing act backed by a chorus of African-American children. In 1906, she began to play New York vaudeville stages, and she was in the musical About Town with Lew Fields, which was a hit. The following year, she was in the hit show Girl Behind the Counter, which ran for 260 performances.

After vaudeville, Dresser’s success continued on Broadway, where she starred with De Wolf Hopper in Matinee Idol (1910-1912), and appeared in Broadway to Paris (1912), Potash and Perlmutter (1913), and Hello Broadway! (1914). Her final Broadway show was Have a Heart (1917), which received good reviews.

Dresser made her film debut in The Glory of Clementina (1922), and her first starring role was in The City That Never Sleeps (1924). In 1925, she starred in The Eagle, opposite Rudolph Valentino and Vilma Bánky as Catherine the Great, and played the title role in The Goose Woman, alongside Jack Pickford.

During the first Awards in 1929, Dresser was nominated for the Best Actress for A Ship Comes In.

In 1930, she acted as Al Jolson’s mother in Mammy, and she portrayed Empress Elizabeth in The Scarlet Empress (1934). Her last film was Maid of Salem (1937).

On TV, she appeared in an episode spotlighting Buster Keaton on Ralph Edwards’s program This Is Your Life. She had known Keaton since he was a small boy with his parents in vaudeville.