Indie Cinema Forces: Increased Opportunities for Indies

One of the major forces driving the new American independent cinema is the increasingly greater ease in securing finance for indies.

Over the past two decades, there has been increased capital by investors on both the domestic and foreign fronts, as well as more opportunities for films to be seen, not necessarily theatrically, but in ancillary markets (television, video), cable channels and in the growing number of film festivals.

Young filmmakers, however, are still challenged to use their creative faculties and come up with ingenious strategies for funding. Joel and Ethan Coen made a three-minute trailer for Blood Simple to convince potential investors that they were competent to make a feature-length movie. It took the ambitious siblings a whole year to raise the $750,000 budget, which came from private investors, family and friends. The film's commercial success, earning a solid $5 million, enabled the Coens to strike a deal with Circle Releasing, which put up $4 million for their second feature, Raising Arizona.

Writer-director Neal Jimenez originally developed the script for The Waterdance, a candid drama about paraplegics, at Warners, but predictably the studio let it go. It was then rescued by independent producer Gail Anne Hurd (Aliens), who brought it to the attention of RCA/Columbia Homevideo (now Columbia-TriStar). RCA/Columbia's production support provided a training ground for many indie directors, including Steven Soderbergh, Carl Franklin and Allison Anders. Another home-video outfit, Carolco's affiliate Live Entertainment, backed Paul Schrader's Light Sleeper ($6 million) and Reservoir Dogs.

The greater demand for visual media, driven by the new video market also played an important role. In the mid-80s, when VCR penetrated the market, the rapidly expanding home-video industry became so eager for product that many unconventional independent projects got funding. This boom, which lasted half a decade, eventually ended, forcing many video companies out of business.

Recently, indie filmmakers have shifted their focus to the European market and have become more dependent on foreign pre-sales to finance their projects. Jarmusch's last two pictures were backed by the Japanese electronics giant JVC. Other European companies, like the Paris-based UGC, have financed Gregg Araki's last two movies, The Doom Generation and Nowhere.

Given the nature of Boaz Yakin's debut film, Fresh, producer Lawrence Bender encouraged the tyro director to look to Europe for backing. “Americans wouldn't get the point of this film until it was made,” Bender said, perceiving it more as “an auteur film.” Bender's earlier success with Reservoir Dogs prompted a meeting with the Paris-based company, Lumiere, which provided full funding. As Bender had anticipated, American distributors showed interest after Fresh began shooting. Ultimately, Miramax distributed the film and scored a success: Fresh grossed over $8 million in the U.S. alone.

Indies are now riding high in foreign markets as well. Overseas sales from licensing deals (in all media) for independent films surged to a peak of $1.65 billion in 1996, according to a survey of the American Film Marketing Association (AFMA). The boost, fueled by the expanding overseas TV market, represented a 21 percent gain in revenues over 1995. The biggest gains came in the licensing of films for theatrical distribution, marked by a 37 percent increase, to $501 million in total sales. “In an era when the competition around the world is becoming more intense, it's gratifying to see that the independents are continuing to be a vital force in the global marketplace,” said Jonas Rosenfield, AFMA president. As expected, Europe dominates the world market for English-speaking independently-licensed fare, with 56 percent share of the global revenues in all media.

It often takes a resourceful and aggressive producer to get the necessary funding. Alexander Rockwell's In the Soup, budgeted at $800,000, was backed by New York producer Jim Stark, who had earlier worked on Jarmusch's films. “Most producers aren't willing to do what is necessary to finance an offbeat, unpackaged movie,” said Stark, “everything from middle-of-the-night faxing to Japan to mortgaging your house.”

Not to be underestimated is the importance of networking and personal connections. Christopher Guest's friendship with Castle Rock's Rob Reiner (who directed This Is Spinal Tap, with Guest as a star) saved the director from having to shop around for the $2 million budget of Waiting for Guffman. Spike Lee's Get on the Bus, made for $2.4 million, was entirely financed by private black patrons before it was picked up for distribution by Columbia.

Bay Area Scott McGehee and David Siegel, who bypassed film school, learning their craft by making shorts on the streets of San Francisco, needed completion funds for Suture. Struggling to get their first film made under most challenging conditions became their schooling. Thanks to skills learned scrambling to make shorts, McGehee and Siegel remained “as scrappy as you can get when it comes to fund-raising.” Eventually, they raised the $800,000 for Suture with the help of Soderbergh who lent his name as executive producer.

A feisty guerrilla approach is as much a state of mind as a practical modus operandi. New York based Katy Bolger, who served as associate producer on Naked in New York and This World, then the Fireworks, embraces her guerrilla status: “If you have taste or style or a sense of art, why work in Hollywood” Hard work and tenacity continue to define the guerrilla style. The reputation of The Shooting Gallery (run by Larry Meistrich and Bob Gosse) is still largely based on their $38,000 success, Nick Gomez's Laws of Gravity, and on its continuing dedication to small pictures such as Whitney Ransick's Handgun. Stubbornly clinging to the fringe independent route and its lower costs has given the company a much coveted creative freedom.

Out-of-the-trenches director, Abel Ferrara, a mentor for guerrillas, advises struggling filmmakers “to play every card, every person and keep doing it.” Despite some success with King of New York and Bad Lieutenant, it's still a hustle for Ferrara to “sell” his vision. Ferrara holds that guerrillas shouldn't succumb to any “false time frames” in order to get their project done.

There always seem to be new funding opportunities. John Sayles' Men With Guns was financed though a newly formed production company of the Independent Film Channel (IFC) and Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, in his first foray into indie film. IFC Productions, a venture headed by Jonathan Sehring, is committed to co-produce a number of features each year. Allen formed Clear Blue Sky Productions to develop and finance independent films.

Next Wave Films, a finishing fund aimed exclusively at no- budget indies, began its operation in 1997 and is committed to films of exceptional quality by filmmakers of potentially major talent. Funded by the IFC, the program supplies up to $100,000 to four films a year. The films must have budgets of $200,000 or less, and principal photography must be finished. For Next Wave president Peter Broderick, the cash factor is less significant than the help in securing deals with post-production houses and labs.

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosokeonhacaiketquabongdalichthidau7m.newskqbdtysokeobongdabongdalufutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbsport.fitonbet88.oooi9bet.bizhi88.ooookvip.atf8bet.atfb88.cashvn88.cashshbet.atbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩa开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育亚新体育亚新体育亚新体育爱游戏爱游戏爱游戏华体会华体会华体会IM体育IM体育沙巴体育沙巴体育PM体育PM体育AG尊龙AG尊龙AG尊龙AG百家乐AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人<AG真人<皇冠体育皇冠体育PG电子PG电子万博体育万博体育KOK体育KOK体育欧宝体育江南体育江南体育江南体育半岛体育半岛体育半岛体育凯发娱乐凯发娱乐杏彩体育杏彩体育杏彩体育FB体育PM真人PM真人<米乐娱乐米乐娱乐天博体育天博体育开元棋牌开元棋牌j9九游会j9九游会开云体育AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88