Alamo, The (1960): John Wayne Directs Oscar-Nominated Historical Epic

Made in 1960, The Alamo reflected John Wayne’s personal politics more than any other of his movies to date. He had worked (intermittently) on this movie, clearly a passion project and labor of love, for at least fourteen years.

The project began with research conducted in Texas in 1946. Then, with the support of Republic’s Herbert J. Yates, Wayne scouted locations in Panama in 1949. When Yates withdrew his support, he was extremely disappointed. Nonetheless, Wayne was so committed to the idea that he decided to produce and direct the movie himself.

Our grade: B (**1/2 out of *****)

There have been other movies on “the Alamo,” such as D.W. Griffith’s “Martyrs of the Alamo,” which he did not direct, the first historical Western to deal with the topic, or Republic’s “Man of Conquest,” in 1939, an interesting chronicle of the heroic Sam Houston.

If you want to know more about John Wayne’s career and life, please read my book:


However, up to 1960, the Alamo’s story had not been treated with the dedication, scope, and grandeur that marked Wayne’s movie project.

Wayne was initially going to play a small part, so that he could devote his time and energies to overseeing the ambitiously demanding production. However, United Artists, which distributed the film, agreed to back the project only if the Duke himself starred in it. They felt, with good reason, that it was too much of a risk without Wayne, as the budget of the film was estimated at about $12 million.



As a result, Wayne cast himself as Davy Crockett, the former member of the House of Representatives from Tennessee, who turned up at the Alamo with twenty-three patriots, and later died, fighting for the very idea of a free Texas.

Earlier, he had considered playing Sam Houston (played by Richard Boone) and, later, he regretted not playing Colonel Travis (played by Laurence Harvey), who commanded a Texas force that was completely destroyed by Santa Anna’s Mexican army.


At the time, Wayne said that his emotional identification with Davy Crockett was complete. Asked if there were any particular historical figure he might have liked to be in real life, his immediate response was, “David Crockett.”

In this picture, Wayne wished to express the view that Texas’s struggle for independence, was not only one of the most heroic moments in American history, but also a metaphor of America itself.  Wayne said he wanted to “show the world the sort of spirit and indomitable will for freedom that still dominates the thinking of Americans, despite our contaminated celluloid these days, which is the exception, not the rule, of Hollywood.”

As a result, there is an abundance of value statements–long speeches–in The Alamo about patriotism, democracy, sacredness of life and death, and even religion. Hence, following the death of one of his men, Davy Crockett addresses a long entreaty to God, whom he calls Sir. In another scene, Davy expresses Wayne’s personal views: “Republic. I like the sound of the word. It’s one of those words that makes me tight in the throat.”

While the battle and action scenes were singled out by the critics for their energy and visual excitement, inevitable comparisons were made to the work of John Ford. There are contradictory reports as to what exactly Ford did on the picture; some claim he only oversaw second-unit work (which was never used in the final cut).  No doubt, as director, Wayne was found lacking his master Ford’s agility, sharpness, and visual style.

The preachy dialogue, credited to James Lee Grant, was another weak aspect of the film, which was replete with blatant statements and sentiments about patriotism and religion, home and country. The script’s juvenile and homespun quality irritated some critics who described it “silly and banal.”  (It’s noteworthy that, despite 7 Oscar nominations, The Alamo did not receive a writing nod)

The theatrical release of The Alamo was neatly timed for the Presidential Election year, opening in California in July 1960 and in New York in October, a few weeks prior to the National Elections (in which Democrat John F. Kennedy would defeat Republican Richard Nixon).


If you want to know more about John Wayne’s career and life, please read my book:

Oscar Context:

At the annual Oscar Awards show, The Alamo turned out to be a big loser, demonstrating not only that it was just mediocre picture, but that its ad campaign might have been effective in the nomination process, but not in the final balloting.

It was a weak year, artistically: Wayne’s saga was up against Billy Wilder’s The Apartment, which won Best Picture, Elmer Gantry, Sons and Lovers, and The Sundowners.

The Alamo won only one technical award: Best Sound for Gordon E. Sawyer and Fred Hynes.

The Alamo became Wayne’s most ambitious project to date, in which he was involved in every minor aspect of the production. The lukewarm audience response was disappointing, because he had intended the picture to be a blockbuster. The budget was high and the production costly and timely. It took almost two years to build the replica of the Alamo in Bracketsville, Texas, and location shooting lasted over four months.

In the end, The Alamo grossed a little over $7 million in the U.S., though it was more successful abroad, and later in its various screenings on TV and Cable.

Lines to Remember:

John Wayne’s Col. David Crockett, on Texas becoming an independent republic: “Republic. I like the sound of the word.”


Colonel David Crockett (John Wayne)

Col. James Bowie (Richard Widmark)

Co. William Travis (Laurence Harvey)

Smitty (Frankie Avalon) Capt. James Butler Bonham (Patrick Wayne)

Flaca (Linda Cristal)

Mrs. Dickinson (Joan O’Brien)

Beekeeper (Chill Wills)

Juan Seuin (Joseph Calleia)

Capt. Almeron Dickinson (Ken Curtis)


Produced, directed by John Wayne
Written by James Edward Grant

Music by Dimitri Tiomkin
Cinematography William H. Clothier
Edited by Stuart Gilmore
Production company: The Alamo Company, Batjac Productions
Distributed by United Artists
Release date: October 24, 1960
Running time 202 min. (roadshow version); 167 min. (general release version)
Budget $12 million
Box office $20 million

Different Versions

The Alamo premiered at its 70 mm roadshow length of 202 minutes, including overture, intermission, and exit music.  It was then severely cut, when distributor United Artists re-edited it to 167 minutes for the wide release.

A Canadian fan named Bob Bryden and Alamo collector Ashley Ward discovered a print of the 70 mm version in Toronto, and MGM used it to make digital video transfer for the VHS.  MGM used the shorter, general release version for subsequent DVD releases.  The best available elements are the 35mm negatives of the wide release, which is used by TCM in its telecasts.







xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosokeonhacaiketquabongdalichthidau7m.newskqbdtysokeobongdabongdalufutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbsport.fitonbet88.oooi9bet.bizhi88.ooookvip.atf8bet.atfb88.cashvn88.cashshbet.atbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩa开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育亚新体育亚新体育亚新体育爱游戏爱游戏爱游戏华体会华体会华体会IM体育IM体育沙巴体育沙巴体育PM体育PM体育AG尊龙AG尊龙AG尊龙AG百家乐AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人<AG真人<皇冠体育皇冠体育PG电子PG电子万博体育万博体育KOK体育KOK体育欧宝体育江南体育江南体育江南体育半岛体育半岛体育半岛体育凯发娱乐凯发娱乐杏彩体育杏彩体育杏彩体育FB体育PM真人PM真人<米乐娱乐米乐娱乐天博体育天博体育开元棋牌开元棋牌j9九游会j9九游会开云体育AG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88