Oscar: Best Original Screenplay (1940-present)

The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material.

It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story.

Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay.

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.

Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3 (for Annie Hall, Hannah and Her Sisters, and Midnight in Paris).

Paddy Chayefsky has also won three screenwriting Oscars: two for Original Screenplay (The Hospital and Network) and one for Adapted Screenplay (Marty).

Woody Allen also holds the record as the oldest winner (76) for Midnight in Paris.

Ben Affleck is the youngest winner (25) for Good Will Hunting, co-written with Matt Damon (27).

Richard Schweizer was the first to win for a foreign-language film, Marie-Louise.

Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, Pedro Almodóvar, Bong Joon-ho and Han Jin-won.

Lamorisse is the only person to win or even be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film (The Red Balloon, 1956).


Muriel Box (The Seventh Veil) was the first woman to win in this category; she shared the award with her husband, Sydney Box. The Boxes are also the first of two married couples to win in this category; Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace (Witness) are the others.

In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo).

Francis Ford Coppola (Patton, 1970) and Sofia Coppola (Lost in Translation, 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win.

Preston Sturges was nominated for 2 different films in the same year (1944): Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan’s Creek.

Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction in 1986, for Platoon and Salvador.

Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter.

Jordan Peele became the first and only African-American to win in this category for 2017’s Get Out.

Bong Joon-ho and Han Jin-won became the first Asian writers to win either Screenplay award, for 2019’s Parasite.

Winners and nominees
Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.

1940 (13th)

The Great McGinty Preston Sturges Award winner
Angels Over Broadway Ben Hecht
Dr. Ehrlich’s Magic Bullet Norman Burnside, Heinz Herald & John Huston
Foreign Correspondent Charles Bennett & Joan Harrison
The Great Dictator Charlie Chaplin

1941 (14th)

Citizen Kane Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson WellesAward winner
The Devil and Miss Jones Norman Krasna
Sergeant York Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston & Howard Koch
Tall, Dark and Handsome Karl Tunberg & Darrell Ware
Tom, Dick and Harry Paul Jarrico

1942 (15th)

Woman of the Year Ring Lardner Jr. & Michael Kanin Award winner
One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger
Road to Morocco Frank Butler & Don Hartman
Wake Island W. R. Burnett & Frank Butler
The War Against Mrs. Hadley George Oppenheimer

1943 (16th)

Princess O’Rourke Norman Krasna, Award winner
Air Force Dudley Nichols
In Which We Serve Noël Coward
The North Star Lillian Hellman
So Proudly We Hail! Allan Scott

1944 (17th)

Wilson Lamar Trotti Award winner
Hail the Conquering Hero Preston Sturges
The Miracle of Morgan’s Creek
Two Girls and a Sailor Richard Connell & Gladys Lehman
Wing and a Prayer Jerome Cady

1945 (18th)

Marie-Louise Richard Schweizer Award winner
Dillinger Philip Yordan
Music for Millions Myles Connolly
Salty O’Rourke Milton Holmes
What Next, Corporal Hargrove? Harry Kurnitz

1946 (19th)

The Seventh Veil Muriel Box & Sydney Box Award winner
The Blue Dahlia Raymond Chandler
Children of Paradise Jacques Prévert
Notorious Ben Hecht
Road to Utopia Melvin Frank & Norman Panama

1947 (20th)

The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Sidney Sheldon Award winner
Body and Soul Abraham Polonsky
A Double Life Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Monsieur Verdoux Charlie Chaplin
Shoeshine Sergio Amidei, Adolfo Franci, Cesare Giulio Viola & Cesare Zavattini

1948  (21st) N/A

1949 (22nd)

Battleground Robert PiroshAward winner
Jolson Sings Again Sidney Buchman
Paisan Sergio Amidei, Federico Fellini, Alfred Hayes, Marcello Pagliero & Roberto Rossellini
Passport to Pimlico T. E. B. Clarke
The Quiet One Helen Levitt, Janice Loeb & Sidney Meyers


Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder received two awards in this category in collaboration with others—one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment.

1950 (23rd)

Sunset Boulevard Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. & Billy Wilder Award winner
Adam’s Rib Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Caged Virginia Kellogg & Bernard C. Schoenfeld
The Men Carl Foreman
No Way Out Joseph L. Mankiewicz & Lesser Samuels

1951 (24th)

An American in Paris Alan Jay Lerner Award winner
The Big Carnival Walter Newman, Lesser Samuels & Billy Wilder
David and Bathsheba Philip Dunne
Go for Broke! Robert Pirosh
The Well Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse

1952 (25th)

The Lavender Hill Mob T. E. B. Clarke Award winner
The Atomic City Sydney Boehm
Breaking the Sound Barrier Terence Rattigan
Pat and Mike Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Viva Zapata! John Steinbeck

1953 (26th)

Titanic Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen & Walter Reisch Award winner
The Band Wagon Betty Comden & Adolph Green
The Desert Rats Richard Murphy
The Naked Spur Harold Jack Bloom & Sam Rolfe
Take the High Ground! Millard Kaufman

1954 (27th)

On the Waterfront Budd Schulberg Award winner
The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story Oscar Brodney & Valentine Davies
Knock on Wood Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
[24] Interrupted Melody Sonya Levien & William LudwigAward winner
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Emmet Lavery & Milton Sperling
It’s Always Fair Weather Betty Comden & Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot’s Holiday Henri Marquet & Jacques Tati
The Seven Little Foys Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
[25] The Red Balloon Albert LamorisseAward winner
The Bold and the Brave Robert Lewin
Julie Andrew L. Stone
La Strada Federico Fellini & Tullio Pinelli
The Ladykillers William Rose
[26] Designing Woman George WellsAward winner
Funny Face Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces Screenplay: Robert Campbell, Ivan Goff & Ben Roberts; Story: Ralph Wheelwright
The Tin Star Screenplay: Dudley Nichols; Story: Joel Kane & Barney Slater
I Vitelloni Screenplay: Federico Fellini & Ennio Flaiano; Story: Fellini, Flaiano & Tullio Pinelli
[27] The Defiant Ones Nedrick Young & Harold Jacob SmithAward winner [note 2]
The Goddess Paddy Chayefsky
Houseboat Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
The Sheepman Screenplay: William Bowers & James Edward Grant; Story: Grant
Teacher’s Pet Fay Kanin & Michael Kanin
[28] Pillow Talk Screenplay: Stanley Shapiro & Maurice Richlin; Story: Clarence Greene & Russell RouseAward winner
The 400 Blows Marcel Moussy & François Truffaut
North by Northwest Ernest Lehman
Operation Petticoat Screenplay: Shapiro & Richlin; Story: Paul King & Joseph Stone
Wild Strawberries Ingmar Bergman
Black-and-white photo of William Inge in 1954.
William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass.

Claude Lelouch won for A Man and a Woman (1966)
Photograph of screenwriter William Rose on his wedding day in 1944, along with his wife and guests.
William Rose (center right) won for Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner (1968)
Mel Brooks in 2010 at a ceremony to give him a star on the Walk of Fame.
Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968’s The Producers.
William Goldman in November 2008.
William Goldman, winner in 1969 for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
Year Film Nominee
[29] The Apartment I. A. L. Diamond & Billy WilderAward winner
The Angry Silence Screenplay: Bryan Forbes; Story: Michael Craig & Richard Gregson
The Facts of Life Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
Hiroshima, Mon Amour Marguerite Duras
Never on Sunday Jules Dassin
[30] Splendor in the Grass William IngeAward winner
Ballad of a Soldier Grigori Chukhrai & Valentin Yoshov
General Della Rovere Sergio Amidei, Diego Fabbi & Indro Montanelli
La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
Lover Come Back Paul Henning & Stanley Shapiro
[31] Divorce Italian Style Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi & Alfredo GiannettiAward winner
Freud Screenplay: Charles Kaufman & Wolfgang Reinhardt; Story: Kaufman
Last Year at Marienbad Alain Robbe-Grillet
That Touch of Mink Nate Monaster & Stanley Shapiro
Through a Glass Darkly Ingmar Bergman

1963 (36th)

How the West Was Won James R. Webb Award winner
America America Elia Kazan
8½ Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
The Four Days of Naples Screenplay: Carlo Bernari, Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa & Nanni Loy; Story: Campanile, Franciosa, Loy & Vasco Pratolini
Love with the Proper Stranger Arnold Schulman

1964 (37th)

Father Goose Screenplay: Peter Stone & Frank Tarloff; Story: S. H. Barnett Award winner
A Hard Day’s Night Alun Owen
One Potato, Two Potato Screenplay: Orville H. Hampton; Story: Raphael Hayes
The Organizer Age, Mario Monicelli & Furio Scarpelli
That Man from Rio Daniel Boulanger, Philippe de Broca, Ariane Mnouchkine & Jean-Paul Rappeneau

1965 (38th)

Darling Frederic Raphael Award winner
Casanova 70 Age, Suso Cecchi d’Amico, Tonino Guerra, Mario Monicelli, Giorgio Salvioni & Furio Scarpelli
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines Ken Annakin & Jack Davies
The Train Franklin Coen & Frank Davis
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Jacques Demy

1966 (39th)

A Man and a Woman Screenplay: Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven; Story: Lelouch Award winner
Blowup Screenplay: Michelangelo Antonioni, Edward Bond & Tonino Guerra; Story: Antonioni
The Fortune Cookie I. A. L. Diamond & Billy Wilder
Khartoum Robert Ardrey
The Naked Prey Clint Johnston & Don Peters

1967 (40th)

Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner William RoseAward winner
Bonnie and Clyde Robert Benton & David Newman
Divorce American Style Screenplay: Norman Lear; Story: Robert Kaufman
La Guerre Est Finie Jorge Semprún
Two for the Road Frederic Raphael

1968 (41st)

The Producers Mel BrooksAward winner
The Battle of Algiers Gillo Pontecorvo & Franco Solinas
Faces John Cassavetes
Hot Millions Peter Ustinov & Ira Wallach
2001: A Space Odyssey Arthur C. Clarke & Stanley Kubrick

1969 (42nd)

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid William Goldman Award winner
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Paul Mazursky & Larry Tucker
The Damned Screenplay: Nicola Badalucco, Enrico Medioli & Luchino Visconti; Story: Badalucco
Easy Rider Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper & Terry Southern
The Wild Bunch Screenplay: Walon Green & Sam Peckinpah; Story: Green & Roy N. Sickner

1970 (43rd)

Patton Francis Ford Coppola & Edmund H. NorthAward winner
Five Easy Pieces Screenplay: Carole Eastman; Story: Eastman & Bob Rafelson
Joe Norman Wexler
Love Story Erich Segal
My Night at Maud’s Éric Rohmer

1971 (44th)

The Hospital Paddy ChayefskyAward winner
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion Elio Petri & Ugo Pirro
Klute Andy & David Lewis
Summer of ’42 Herman Raucher
Sunday Bloody Sunday Penelope Gilliatt

1972 (45th)

The Candidate Jeremy LarnerAward winner
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Screenplay & Story: Luis Buñuel; Collaboration: Jean-Claude Carrière
Lady Sings the Blues Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe & Terrence McCloy
Murmur of the Heart Louis Malle
Young Winston Carl Foreman
[42] The Sting David S. WardAward winner
American Graffiti Willard Huyck, George Lucas & Gloria Katz
Cries and Whispers Ingmar Bergman
Save the Tiger Steve Shagan
A Touch of Class Melvin Frank & Jack Rose
[43] Chinatown Robert TowneAward winner
Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore Robert Getchell
The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola
Day for Night Jean-Louis Richard, Suzanne Schiffman & François Truffaut
Harry and Tonto Josh Greenfeld & Paul Mazursky
[44] Dog Day Afternoon Frank PiersonAward winner
Amarcord Federico Fellini & Tonino Guerra
And Now My Love Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven
Lies My Father Told Me Ted Allan
Shampoo Robert Towne & Warren Beatty
[45] Network Paddy ChayefskyAward winner
Cousin, Cousine Screenplay & Story: Jean-Charles Tacchella Adaptation: Daniele Thompson
The Front Walter Bernstein
Rocky Sylvester Stallone
Seven Beauties Lina Wertmüller
[46] Annie Hall Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman
The Goodbye Girl Neil Simon
The Late Show Robert Benton
Star Wars George Lucas
The Turning Point Arthur Laurents
[47] Coming Home Screenplay: Robert C. JonesAward winner & Waldo Salt; Story: Nancy Dowd Award winner
Autumn Sonata Ingmar Bergman
The Deer Hunter Screenplay: Deric Washburn; Story: Michael Cimino, Louis Garfinkle, Quinn Redeker & Washburn
Interiors Woody Allen
An Unmarried Woman Paul Mazursky
[48] Breaking Away Steve TesichAward winner
All That Jazz Robert Alan Aurthur & Bob Fosse
…And Justice for All. Valerie Curtin & Barry Levinson
The China Syndrome James Bridges, T. S. Cook & Mike Gray
Manhattan Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman
Bo Goldman and Miloš Forman on the set of One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest in 1975.
Bo Goldman (left) won in 1981 for 1980’s Melvin and Howard.
John Patrick Shanley in 2011.
John Patrick Shanley, winner of this award for the 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck.
Year Film Nominees
[49] Melvin and Howard Bo GoldmanAward winner
Brubaker Screenplay: W. D. Richter; Story: Richter & Arthur A. Ross
Fame Christopher Gore
Mon oncle d’Amérique Jean Gruault
Private Benjamin Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller & Charles Shyer
[50] Chariots of Fire Colin WellandAward winner
Absence of Malice Kurt Luedtke
Arthur Steve Gordon
Atlantic City John Guare
Reds Trevor Griffiths & Warren Beatty
[51] Gandhi John BrileyAward winner
Diner Barry Levinson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Melissa Mathison
An Officer and a Gentleman Douglas Day Stewart
Tootsie Screenplay: Larry Gelbart & Murray Schisgal; Story: Gelbart & Don McGuire
[52] Tender Mercies Horton FooteAward winner
The Big Chill Barbara Benedek & Lawrence Kasdan
Fanny and Alexander Ingmar Bergman
Silkwood Alice Arlen & Nora Ephron
WarGames Lawrence Lasker & Walter Parkes
[53] Places in the Heart Robert BentonAward winner
Beverly Hills Cop Screenplay: Daniel Petrie Jr.; Story: Danilo Bach & Petrie
Broadway Danny Rose Woody Allen
El Norte Gregory Nava & Anna Thomas
Splash Screenplay: Bruce Jay Friedman, Lowell Ganz & Babaloo Mandel; Story: Friedman & Brian Grazer
[54] Witness Screenplay: William Kelley & Earl W. Wallace; Story: Kelley, E. Wallace & Pamela Wallace Award winner
Back to the Future Bob Gale & Robert Zemeckis
Brazil Terry Gilliam, Charles McKeown & Tom Stoppard
The Official Story Aída Bortnik & Luis Puenzo
The Purple Rose of Cairo Woody Allen
[55] Hannah and Her Sisters Woody AllenAward winner
Crocodile Dundee Screenplay: John Cornell, Paul Hogan & Ken Shadie; Story: Hogan
My Beautiful Laundrette Hanif Kureishi
Platoon Oliver Stone
Salvador Richard Boyle & Stone
[56] Moonstruck John Patrick ShanleyAward winner
Au Revoir Les Enfants (Goodbye, Children) Louis Malle
Broadcast News James L. Brooks
Hope and Glory John Boorman
Radio Days Woody Allen
[57] Rain Man Screenplay: Ronald Bass & Barry Morrow; Story: Morrow Award winner
Big Gary Ross & Anne Spielberg
Bull Durham Ron Shelton
A Fish Called Wanda Screenplay: John Cleese; Story: Cleese & Charles Crichton
Running on Empty Naomi Foner Gyllenhaal
[58] Dead Poets Society Tom SchulmanAward winner
Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen
Do the Right Thing Spike Lee
Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh
When Harry Met Sally… Nora Ephron
Jane Campion in 2014.
Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993.

Quentin Tarantino won twice for Pulp Fiction (1994), and Django Unchained (2012)
The Coen brothers at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015.
Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won for Fargo (1996)
Ben Affleck at ComicCon 2017.
Ben Affleck, co-winner for Good Will Hunting (1997)
Matt Damon at the world premiere of The Martian at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.
Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting.
Year Film Nominees
[59] Ghost Bruce Joel RubinAward winner
Alice Woody Allen
Avalon Barry Levinson
Green Card Peter Weir
Metropolitan Whit Stillman
[60] Thelma & Louise Callie KhouriAward winner
Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
Bugsy James Toback
The Fisher King Richard LaGravenese
Grand Canyon Lawrence Kasdan & Meg Kasdan
[61] The Crying Game Neil JordanAward winner
Husbands and Wives Woody Allen
Lorenzo’s Oil Nick Enright & George Miller
Passion Fish John Sayles
Unforgiven David Peoples
[62] The Piano Jane CampionAward winner
Dave Gary Ross
In the Line of Fire Jeff Maguire
Philadelphia Ron Nyswaner
Sleepless in Seattle Screenplay: Jeff Arch, Nora Ephron & David S. Ward; Story: Arch
[63] Pulp Fiction Screenplay: Quentin Tarantino; Story: Roger Avary & Tarantino Award winner
Bullets over Broadway Woody Allen & Douglas McGrath
Four Weddings and a Funeral Richard Curtis
Heavenly Creatures Peter Jackson & Frances Walsh
Three Colours: Red Krzysztof Kieślowski & Krzysztof Piesiewicz
[64] The Usual Suspects Christopher McQuarrieAward winner
Braveheart Randall Wallace
Mighty Aphrodite Woody Allen
Nixon Stephen J. Rivele, Oliver Stone & Christopher Wilkinson
Toy Story Screenplay: Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow, Andrew Stanton & Joss Whedon; Story: Pete Docter, John Lasseter, Joe Ranft & Stanton
[65] Fargo Coen BrothersAward winner
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe
Lone Star John Sayles
Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
Shine Screenplay: Jan Sardi; Story: Scott Hicks
[66] Good Will Hunting Ben Affleck & Matt DamonAward winner
As Good as It Gets Screenplay: Mark Andrus & James L. Brooks; Story: Andrus
Boogie Nights Paul Thomas Anderson
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen
The Full Monty Simon Beaufoy
[67] Shakespeare in Love Marc Norman & Tom StoppardAward winner
Bulworth Screenplay: Warren Beatty & Jeremy Pikser; Story: Beatty
Life Is Beautiful Roberto Benigni & Vincenzo Cerami
Saving Private Ryan Robert Rodat
The Truman Show Andrew Niccol
[68] American Beauty Alan BallAward winner
Being John Malkovich Charlie Kaufman
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson
The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
Topsy-Turvy Mike Leigh

Pedro Almodóvar won for Talk to Her (2002)
Coppola in 2003.
Sofia Coppola won for 2003’s Lost in Translation.

Charlie Kaufman won for Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)
Cody, January 2008.
Diablo Cody won for 2007’s Juno.
Dustin Lance Black at the 81st Academy Awards.
Dustin Lance Black won for 2008’s Milk.
Year Film Nominees
[69] Almost Famous Cameron CroweAward winner
Billy Elliot Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich Susannah Grant
Gladiator Screenplay: David Franzoni, John Logan & William Nicholson; Story: Franzoni
You Can Count On Me Kenneth Lonergan
[70] Gosford Park Julian FellowesAward winner
Amélie Screenplay: Jean-Pierre Jeunet & Guillaume Laurant; Dialogue: Laurant
Memento Screenplay: Christopher Nolan; Story: Jonathan Nolan
Monster’s Ball Milo Addica & Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson
[71] Talk to Her Pedro AlmodóvarAward winner
Far from Heaven Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York Screenplay: Jay Cocks, Kenneth Lonergan & Steven Zaillian; Story: Cocks
My Big Fat Greek Wedding Nia Vardalos
Y Tu Mamá También Alfonso & Carlos Cuarón
[72] Lost in Translation Sofia CoppolaAward winner
The Barbarian Invasions Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things Steven Knight
Finding Nemo Screenplay: Bob Peterson, David Reynolds & Andrew Stanton; Story: Stanton
In America Jim, Kirsten & Naomi Sheridan
[73] Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Screenplay: Charlie Kaufman; Story: Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry & Kaufman Award winner
The Aviator John Logan
Hotel Rwanda Terry George & Keir Pearson
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Vera Drake Mike Leigh
[74] Crash Screenplay: Paul Haggis & Bobby Moresco; Story: Haggis Award winner
Good Night, and Good Luck. George Clooney & Grant Heslov
Match Point Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale Noah Baumbach
Syriana Stephen Gaghan
[75] Little Miss Sunshine Michael ArndtAward winner
Babel Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima Screenplay: Iris Yamashita; Story: Paul Haggis & Yamashita
Pan’s Labyrinth Guillermo del Toro
The Queen Peter Morgan
[76] Juno Diablo CodyAward winner
Lars and the Real Girl Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille Screenplay: Brad Bird; Story: Bird, Jim Capobianco & Jan Pinkava
The Savages Tamara Jenkins
[77] Milk Dustin Lance BlackAward winner
Frozen River Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky Mike Leigh
In Bruges Martin McDonagh
WALL-E Screenplay: Andrew Stanton & Jim Reardon; Story: Stanton, Pete Docter
[78] The Hurt Locker Mark BoalAward winner
Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger Alessandro Camon & Oren Moverman
A Serious Man Coen Brothers
Up Screenplay: Bob Peterson & Pete Docter; Story: Pete Docter, Bob Peterson, & Tom McCarthy
Jonze at the 2013 New York Film Festival.
Spike Jonze won for 2013’s Her.
Tom McCarthy.
Tom McCarthy won for Spotlight (2015)
Kenneth Lonergan in Vienna, 2016.
Kenneth Lonergan won for Manchester by the Sea (2016).
Peele at the May 2014 Peabody Awards
Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win with Get Out (2017)
Bong Joon Ho in 2017 at the Japan premiere of Okja.
Bong Joon-ho became the first South Korean Oscar winner for Parasite (2019), co-written with Han Jin-won.
Year Film Nominees
[79] The King’s Speech David SeidlerAward winner
Another Year Mike Leigh
The Fighter Screenplay: Eric Johnson, Scott Silver & Paul Tamasy; Story: Keith Dorrington, Johnson & Tamasy
Inception Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right Stuart Blumberg & Lisa Cholodenko
[80] Midnight in Paris Woody AllenAward winner
The Artist Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig
Margin Call J. C. Chandor
A Separation Asghar Farhadi
[81] Django Unchained Quentin TarantinoAward winner
Amour Michael Haneke
Flight John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal
[82] Her Spike JonzeAward winner
American Hustle David O. Russell & Eric Warren Singer
Blue Jasmine Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club Craig Borten & Melisa Wallack
Nebraska Bob Nelson
[83] Birdman Armando Bo, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., Nicolás Giacobone & Alejandro G. IñárrituAward winner
Boyhood Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher E. Max Frye & Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel Screenplay: Wes Anderson; Story: Anderson & Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler Dan Gilroy
[84] Spotlight Tom McCarthy & Josh SingerAward winner
Bridge of Spies Matt Charman & Coen Brothers
Ex Machina Alex Garland
Inside Out Screenplay: Josh Cooley, Pete Docter & Meg LeFauve; Story: Ronnie del Carmen & Docter
Straight Outta Compton Screenplay: Andrea Berloff & Jonathan Herman; Story: Berloff, S. Leigh Savidge & Alan Wenkus
[85] Manchester by the Sea Kenneth LonerganAward winner
Hell or High Water Taylor Sheridan
La La Land Damien Chazelle
The Lobster Efthimis Filippou & Yorgos Lanthimos
20th Century Women Mike Mills
[86] Get Out Jordan PeeleAward winner
The Big Sick Emily V. Gordon & Kumail Nanjiani
Lady Bird Greta Gerwig
The Shape of Water Screenplay: Guillermo del Toro & Vanessa Taylor; Story: del Toro
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Martin McDonagh
[87] Green Book Brian Currie, Peter Farrelly & Nick VallelongaAward winner
The Favourite Deborah Davis & Tony McNamara
First Reformed Paul Schrader
Roma Alfonso Cuarón
Vice Adam McKay
[88] Parasite Screenplay: Bong Joon-ho & Han Jin-won; Story: BongAward winner
Knives Out Rian Johnson
Marriage Story Noah Baumbach
1917 Sam Mendes & Krysty Wilson-Cairns
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood Quentin Tarantino
Multiple wins and nominations
Multiple wins
Wins Screenwriter
Woody Allen
Charles Brackett
Paddy Chayefsky
Quentin Tarantino
Billy Wilder
Multiple nominations
Nominations Screenwriter
16 Woody Allen
6 Federico Fellini
5 Ingmar Bergman
Mike Leigh
4 Pete Docter
Melvin Frank
Tullio Pinelli
Stanley Shapiro
Quentin Tarantino
Billy Wilder
3 Sergio Amidei
Wes Anderson
Warren Beatty
Robert Benton
Paddy Chayefsky
Ethan Coen
Joel Coen
Nora Ephron
Ennio Flaiano
Ruth Gordon
Tonino Guerra
Garson Kanin
Barry Levinson
Kenneth Lonergan
Paul Mazursky
Norman Panama
Jack Rose
William Rose
Andrew Stanton
Oliver Stone
Preston Sturges
Age superlatives
Record Writer Film Age (in years) Ref.
Oldest winner Woody Allen Midnight in Paris 76 [89]
Oldest nominee Blue Jasmine 78
Youngest winner Ben Affleck Good Will Hunting 25 [90]
Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [91]
Diversity of nominees/winners
Asian nominees/winners
Year Name Country Film Status
1986 Hanif Kureishi United Kingdom/Pakistan My Beautiful Laundrette Nominated
1999 M. Night Shyamalan United States/India The Sixth Sense Nominated
2006 Iris Yamashita United States/Japan Letters from Iwo Jima Nominated
2012 Asghar Farhadi Iran A Separation Nominated
2015 Ronnie del Carmen Philippines Inside Out Nominated
(90th) Kumail Nanjiani Pakistan The Big Sick Nominated
(92nd) Bong Joon Ho
Han Jin-won South Korea Parasite Won
Black nominees/winners
Year Name Country Film Status
1972 Suzanne de Passe
United States
Lady Sings the Blues Nominated
1989 Spike Lee Do the Right Thing Nominated
1991 John Singleton Boyz n the Hood Nominated
2017 Jordan Peele Get Out Won
Latin American nominees/winners
Year Name Country Film Status
(58th) Aída Bortnik
Luis Puenzo
The Official Story Nominated
(75th) Alfonso Cuarón
Carlos Cuarón
Y Tu Mamá También Nominated
(79th) Guillermo Arriaga Babel Nominated
Guillermo del Toro Pan’s Labyrinth Nominated
(87th) Armando Bó
Nicolás Giacobone
Alejandro González Iñárritu
Mexico Birdman Won
(90th) Guillermo del Toro
The Shape of Water Nominated
(91st) Alfonso Cuarón Roma Nominated

LGBT nominees/winners
Year Name Film Status Ref.

1942 Noël Coward In Which We Serve Nominated [92]
George Oppenheimer The War Against Mrs. Hadley Nominated
1952 Terence Rattigan The Sound Barrier Nominated
1961 William Inge Splendor in the Grass Won [93]
1965 Jacques Demy The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Nominated
1968 Arthur C. Clarke 2001: A Space Odyssey Nominated [94]
1969 Luchino Visconti The Damned Nominated [95]
1977 Arthur Laurents The Turning Point Nominated [96]
1979 James Bridges The China Syndrome Nominated [92]
1993 Ron Nyswaner Philadelphia Nominated [97]
1999 Alan Ball American Beauty Won
2000 John Logan Gladiator Nominated
2002 Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her Won
Todd Haynes Far from Heaven Nominated [98]
2004 John Logan The Aviator Nominated
2008 Dustin Lance Black Milk Won [99]
2010 Lisa Cholodenko The Kids Are All Right Nominated
2015 Jonathan Herman Straight Outta Compton Nominated