Mutiny on the Bounty (1935)

MGM

Produced and directed by Frank Lloyd, this stirring sea adventure is based on the true story of the famous 1787 mutiny aboard the British ship HMS Bounty.  A reworking of Errol Flynn’s 1933 adventure, “In the Wake of the Bounty,” Lloyd’s version tells the story of the successful mutiny of part of the crew, which took place in the late eighteenth century in the South Seas.

The mutiny is led by Master’s Mate Fletcher Christian (Clark Gable) against the sadistically cruel Captain Bligh (Charles Laughton). As the critic Pauline Kael noted, “The picture doesn’t fall into the trap of setting strong heroes against weak and cowardly villains.”

Done in the big-budget, studio-controlled MGM tradition (Irving Thalberg was the producer), “Mutiny on the Bounty” is the kind of old-fashioned narrative that marked good studio pictures in the 1930s. At the time, the film was praised for its exotic second-unit work.

The film features three good male performances: Charles Laughton, as the ruthless and sadistic Captain Bligh, Clark Gable, as the romantic and dashing Christian Fletcher, and Franchot Tone, as the decent officer Byan.

As the charismatic leader of the mutineers, Gable gives a strong performance, though it takes some time to get used to his hairstyle and costume (baggy white pants). Gable interprets the role as a plain American hero who’s rough-hewn but sensitive to the needs of his men.

Franchot Tone, in the pivotal role of the highborn officer Byan, is taken back to England to stand trial, and his long courtroom speech is too theatrical (and the only weak element).

Laughton excels as the corrupt and sadistic Bligh, a great sailor of remarkable feats of navigation who’s borderline mad. Interestingly, initially Laughton turns down the role, but under pressure from Thalberg, he changed his mind and turned in one of his most powerful performances, drawing on his penchant for projecting mad, horrible power.

“Mutiny on the Bounty” was reportedly Clark Gable’s favorite film, because, as he said, “It was something you could get your teeth into, for it was history, a story of the struggle of real he-man with a refreshing absence of the usual load of love-interest.” Gable was only partially right since one of the picture’s subplots involves a romance with one of the native girls.

In every respect, this movie is vastly superior to its two remakes, the first by MGM in l962, also nominated for Best Picture, starring Trevor Howard in the Laughton role and Marlon Brando in the Gable role.

The second remake, produced by D. D. Laurentiss in l984 and starring Anthony Hopkins as Captain Bligh and Mel Gibson as Christian Fletcher, is reportedly more accurate to the source material than its two predecessors, but lacks epic scale or excitement.

Oscar Nominations: 7

 

Picture (produced by Irving Thalberg and Albert Lewin)

Director: Frank Lloyd

Actor: Clark Gable

Actor: Charles Laughton

Actor: Franchot Tone

Screenplay: Jules Furthman, Talbot Jennings, and Carey Wilson

Film Editing: Margaret Booth

Score: Herbert Stothart

Oscar Awards: 1

 

Picture

Oscar Context

 

Mutiny on the Bounty competed for the Best Picture Oscar with eleven other films: Alice Adams, Broadway Melody of 1936, Captain Blood, David Copperfield, The Informer, Les Miserables, Lives of a Bengal Lancer, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Naughty Marietta, Ruggles of Red Gap, and Top Hat.

Mutiny on the Bounty is still the only film in Oscar’s history, in which three actors were nominated in the lead category (probably canceling each other out), plus Gable had won the Oscar the year before; the winner was Victor McLaglen for The Informer.

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