Young and Restless in China: Basic Facts

Basic Facts about China

Total area: 9.6 million sq. km. (about 3.7 million sq. miles).

Population (July 2007 est.): 1.3 billion

Work force (2006 est.): 798 million

Within the next few decades, it is estimated that Chinas urban population will increase by over 300 million, equivalent to 300 new cities being built.

China will produce 3.1m university graduates this year compared with 1.3m in the US.

China produces about 600,000 new engineers every year, nine times as many as the US.

Exports (2006)–$969.3 billion; Imports–$791.8 billion

U.S. imports from China: $287.8 billion.

U.S. exports to China (2006): $55.2 billion

Pollution has made cancer Chinas leading cause of death, the Ministry of Health says.

Ambient air pollution alone is blamed for hundreds of thousands of deaths each year.

Nearly 500 million people lack access to safe drinking water.

Only 1 percent of the countrys 560 million city dwellers breathe air considered safe by the
European Union.

Expanding car ownership, heavy traffic and low-grade gasoline have made autos the leading
source of air pollution in major Chinese cities.

Cigarette smoking takes a million Chinese lives each year.

China now makes half of the worlds cement and flat glass, and about a third of its aluminum.

In 2006, China overtook Japan as the second-largest producer of cars and trucks after the
United States.

Each year for the past few years, China has built about 7.5 billion square feet of commercial
and residential space, more than the combined floor space of all the malls and strip malls in the United States.

Chinese buildings rarely have thermal insulation. They require, on average, twice as much energy to heat and cool as those in similar climates in the United States and Europe. A vast
majority of new buildings–95 percent, the bank says–do not meet Chinas own codes for
energy efficiency.

The Energy Bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission, the countrys central planning agency, has 100 full-time staff members. The Energy Department of the U.S. has 110,000 employees.

374 TV stations 2,000 newspapers and over 8,000 magazines.

All blog writers are required to register their full identities with the government, as of June 2005.

About 1.5 million residents of Beijing will have been displaced by the time the Olympics start there, many of them evicted against their will.

New sports stadiums: 31

Average construction workers monthly wage: $60.

Migrant workers est. 100-200 million migrants working in cities (2006, Xinhua News Agency & UN Population Fund)

Human trafficking: est. minimum 10,000-20,000 victims each year, mostly domestic(according to US State Dept 2006).