Standard Operating Procedure: Timeline

Here are some crucial dates that will place in broader context Errol Morris' new documentary, “Standard Operating Procedure,” which won an important award at the 2008 Berlin Film Fest, and will make the viewing experience richer and fuller.

Timeline

2003

May 1, 2003 President Bush declares the end of major combat operations in Iraq.

June 30, 2003 Brigadier General Janis Karpinski assumes command of the 800th MP Brigade.

September 6, 2003 Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld visits Abu Ghraib.

September 7, 2003 Major General Geoffrey Miller visits Abu Ghraib.

October 12, 2003 Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez issues the Interrogation and Counter-Resistance Policy for Iraq.

October 15, 2003 The 372nd MP Company begins its mission at Abu Ghraib.

October 18, 2003 Specialist Sabrina Harman photographs a prisoner nicknamed Taxi Cab Driver. He is shackled to his bed and has underwear on his head.

October 24, 2003 Corporal Charles Graner photographs Private First Class Lynndie
England, Specialist Megan Ambuhl and a prisoner nicknamed Gus. Gus is naked and has a tie-down strap wrapped around his neck like a leash; Private First Class Lynndie England holds the end of the strap.

October 25, 2003 Private First Class Lynndie England photographs US soldiers alongside three naked prisoners who are shackled together on the floor.

November 4-5, 2003 Specialist Sabrina Harman and Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick photograph a hooded prisoner nicknamed Gilligan who is standing on a box with wires attached to his fingers. A prisoner named Manadel al-Jamadi arrives at Abu Ghraib and is killed during an interrogation with CIA personnel. Specialist Sabrina Harman and Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick discover and photograph al-Jamadis corpse.

November 7, 2003 Specialist Sabrina Harman, Private First Class Lynndie England and Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick photograph seven prisoners as they are stripped naked, made to form a human pyramid and forced both to simulate and to perform sex acts. Sergeant Javal Davis, Corporal Charles Graner and Specialist Jeremy Sivits are also present.

November 24, 2003 A prisoner on Tier 1A uses a smuggled gun to shoot at MPs.

December 12, 2003 Photographs are taken of US soldiers using their military working dogs to attack a naked prisoner. The prisoner is bitten in his leg.

December 13, 2003 Saddam Hussein is captured.

December 29, 2003 January 3, 2004 Photographs are taken of a prisoner nicknamed AQ, sometimes hooded, sometimes shackled, being menaced by a military working dog.

2004

January 13, 2004 Specialist Joseph Darby turns in photographs to agents from the Armys Criminal Investigation Division.

January 14, 2004 The investigation into photographs and prisoner abuse begins.

January 16, 2004 Colonel Pappas issues an amnesty period related to the photographs. The U.S. Command in Baghdad issues a brief press release about an investigation into prisoner abuse.

January 21, 2004 CNN reports that US soldiers reportedly posed for photos with partially naked Iraqi prisoners and that the Army is investigating allegations of abuse at Abu Ghraib.

January 31, 2004 Major General Antonio Taguba is appointed to conduct an investigation into the 800th MP Brigade.

March 3, 2004 Major General Taguba briefs his superior officers on his findings.

March 9, 2004 The Taguba Report is submitted in its final form.

March 20, 2004 The Army files charges against Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick, Corporal Charles Graner, Specialist Sabrina Harman, Sergeant Javal Davis, Specialist Jeremy Sivits and Specialist Megan Ambuhl.

April 28, 2004 CBS breaks the Abu Ghraib story and broadcasts 12 of the photographs.

April 30, 2004 Seymour Herschs article Torture at Abu Ghraib is posted on The New Yorkers website and it runs in the May 10, 2004 print edition.

May 7, 2004 Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld testifies before the Senate Armed Services Committee.

May 7, 2004 The Army files charges against Private First Class Lynndie England.

May 19, 2004 At a special court martial in Baghdad, Specialist Jeremy Sivits pleads
guilty to dereliction of duty, maltreatment, and conspiracy to maltreat. He is sentenced to one year in a military prison, a reduction in rank to private, a fine, and a bad-conduct discharge from the Army.

May 24, 2004 Brigadier General Janis Karpinski is suspended, pending investigation.

August 23, 2004 The Schlesinger Report, a review of the Department of Defenses detention operations, is submitted.

August 25, 2004 The Fay-Jones Report, an investigation of intelligence activities at
Abu Ghraib, is published.

September 11, 2004 Specialist Armin Cruz pleads guilty to maltreatment and conspiracy to maltreat. He is sentenced to 8 months in prison, a reduction in rank to private and a bad conduct discharge.

October 20, 2004 Staff Sergeant Ivan Fredrick pleads guilty to aggravated assault, maltreatment, conspiracy to maltreat, indecent acts, and dereliction of duty. He is sentenced to 8 years in prison, reduction in rank to private, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and a dishonorable discharge.

October 30, 2004 Specialist Megan Ambuhl pleads guilty to dereliction of duty and is sentenced to a reduction in rank to private and loss of a half-months pay. She later receives an other-than-honorable discharge from the Army.

2005

January 16, 2005 Corporal Charles Graner is convicted of assault, maltreatment, indecent acts, conspiracy to maltreat, and dereliction of duty. He is sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, a reduction in rank to private, a dishonorable discharge, and the forfeiture of all pay and allowances.

February 1, 2005 Specialist Roman Krol pleads guilty to maltreatment and conspiracy to maltreat. He is sentenced to 10-months in prison, a reduction in rank to private, and a
bad conduct discharge.

March 21, 2006 Sergeant Michael Smith is convicted of assault, maltreatment, conspiracy to maltreat, an indecent act, and dereliction of duty. He is sentenced to 6-months in prison, a reduction in rank to private, forfeiture of pay, and a bad conduct discharge.

June 1, 2006 Sergeant Santos Cardona is convicted of assault and dereliction of duty.
He is sentenced to 90 days of hard labor, a reduction in rank to specialist, and a
forfeiture of pay.

2005

February 4, 2005 Sergeant Javal Davis pleads guilty to assault, intent to deceive on an
official statement, and dereliction of duty. He is sentenced to 6 months in prison, a reduction in rank to private, and a bad conduct discharge.

April 8, 2005 Brigadier General Janis Karpinski is relieved of command of the 800th MP Brigade.

May 5, 2005 President Bush approves Janis Karpinskis demotion to Colonel.

May 16, 2005 Sabrina Harman is convicted of maltreatment, conspiracy to maltreat, and dereliction of duty. She is sentenced to six months in prison, a reduction in rank to private, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and a bad conduct discharge.

September 26, 2005 Lynndie England is convicted of maltreatment, indecent acts, and conspiracy to maltreat. She is sentenced to three years in prison, a reduction in rank to private, and a dishonorable discharge.

2007

March 1, 2007 Private Lynndie England is released on parole.

August 28, 2007 Lieutenant Colonel Steven Jordan is convicted of disobeying an order by a general to refrain from discussing the Abu Ghraib investigation. He is acquitted of more serious charges including the failure properly to train and supervise enlisted soldiers. He is sentenced to a reprimand.

October 1, 2007 Private Ivan Frederick is released on parole.

2008

January 8, 2008 Lieutenant Colonel Steven Jordan is cleared of all criminal responsibility when General Richard Rowe dismisses his conviction and his sentence.