Movie Stars: Wray, Fay–Centennial

September 15 marks the centennial of Fay Wray, the famed star of “King Kong,” whose scream in the 1933 horror classic became an iconic sound and image in film history, forever linked to her career.

She appeared in more than 70 features, but her name will be forever associated with the climactic scene in the 1933 “King Kong” in which the giant ape from Skull Island carries her to the top of the Empire State Building, gently places her on a ledge, lunges furiously at fighter planes peppering him with bullets and falls to his death from the 102-story skyscraper.

“She was a naturally gracious and witty person who charmed everyone who met her. She thought filmmaking was magical and loved being a part of the history of Hollywood,” said her daughter, former Writers Guild West president Victoria Riskin.

Wray was born September 15, 2007, on a farm in Alberta, Canada, and moved to Los Angeles as a teenager. She began frequenting ambitiously studio-casting offices in her early teens, and landed occasional bit parts in film around 1919-1920.

After acting in small parts in movies, she began winning supporting roles. She graduated from Hollywood High School, and became the ingnue in a half-dozen silent Westerns and played the bride in Erich von Stroheim’s 1928 silent classic “The Wedding March.”

Among her prominent sound films are “The Four Feathers” (1929), “Dirigible” (1931), “One Saturday Afternoon” (1933), and “Viva Villa!” and “The Affairs of Cellini” (both ’34).

Her damsel-in-distress depictions led to roles in other 1930s films in which her life, her virtue or both were imperiled: “Dr. X,” “The Mystery of the Wax Museum,” “The Vampire Bat” and “The Most Dangerous Game.”

Among her leading men were such major stars as Gary Cooper, Ronald Colman, Fredric March, William Powell, and Richard Arlen.

It’s largely because of her role in King Kong that she became a cult figure among cinema and nostalgia buffs in the 1960s and 1970s. Before the VCR Revolution, “King Kong” was a staple program of film societies and revival houses. As an undergrad and grad film student, I have seen the film at least half a dozen times in such contexts.

Wray also screamed in other horror films of the period, but “King Kong” didn’t lead to a prominent career, as could be expected, and hence, she continued to make largely low-budget actioners.
Wray declined the offer to play a small part in the 1976 remake of “King Kong,” in which Jessica Lange was Kong’s co-star, because she disliked the script and felt a remake could never equal the impact of the original.

In her 1989 autobiography, “On the Other Hand,” she described her many romances with writers, including her first husband, John Monk Saunders, whom she married when she was just 19. A Rhodes scholar and screenwriter known for films including “Wings” and “The Dawn Patrol,” he was a womanizer, an alcoholic and a drug addict.

She divorced him, she said, after he injected her with drugs while she slept, sold their house and their furniture and kept the money and disappeared for a time with their baby daughter. Saunders hanged himself in 1940 at 43.

Wray had a long romance with playwright-scripter Clifford Odets. In 1942, she was married to Robert Riskin, the Oscar-winning screenwriter of “It Happened One Night,” “Mr. Deeds Goes to Town” and “Lost Horizon.” He suffered a stroke in 1950 and died five years later.

After Riskin’s death, she married Sanford Rothenberg, a neurosurgeon who had been one of Riskin’s doctors; Rothenberg died in 1991.

Wray retired in 1942, but made occasional movies in the 1950s. She co-starred with Henry Fonda in 1979 TV picture “Gideon’s Trumpet,” and starred in the sitcom “The Pride of the Family” from 1953 to 1955.

In the mid-1950s, Wray appeared in mostly secondary roles in Hollywood films like “Small Town Girl” (1953), “The Cobweb” and “Queen Bee,” both in 1955, “Tammy and the Bachelor” (1957), and finally retired after “Summer Love” and Dragstrip Riot,” both in 1958.

Wray also wrote plays that were produced in regional theaters.

Though she resented the way “King Kong” dominated people’s perception of her as an actress, she eventually came to appreciate both the film’s and her places in Hollywood history. “I find it not acceptable when people blame Hollywood for the things that happened to them. Films are wonderful. I’ve had a beautiful life because of films,” she once said.

Wray died on August 7, 2004, at her Manhattan apartment. She was 96. She was survived by daughters Victoria and Susan, and son Robert Riskin Jr.