Southpaw: How Director Fuqua Created the Boxing Drama

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Fuqua usually attended the first training session of the day in order to be present as the character organically took shape. “Antoine decided that he would come with me on the physical journey,” recalls Jake Gyllenhaal.

“It was amazing to have your director there with pushing you every day. That motivation and sacrifice is what drove both of us. I think that energy is in the film.” Kicking off with a run – anywhere in between two and ten miles – the six-hour daily program then included jumping rope, working mitts and bags, learning technique and footwork, and conditioning exercises such as sprints, pull-ups and sit-ups. Because Billy is supposed to fight as a light heavyweight, Gyllenhaal had to work to get down to 175 pounds, about fifteen less than his normal weight. “It was six months of very intense training and learning the skill of boxing in the most rudimentary way,” he says. Notes Claybon of Gyllenhaal’s preparation: “Jake was there to take boxing way quicker than I anticipated. He came in with an open mind, whereas most guys com in too macho.”

Gyllenhaal’s journey to embody his character didn’t just stop at the physical level. For him and Fuqua, entering into and understanding the mindset of a boxer was equally important in doing the justice to the script and role. “Most people think it’s all about the physical when it comes to boxing,” explains Claybon. “But mentally you’ve got to prepare yourself just like a real fight, and go out there and be able to establish a different type of style for each fight.” Along with the grueling training routine, there was also an immersion into the world of fighters taking place which was key to making Billy Hope come alive on screen, with the actor spending all of his time in the gym surrounded by professionals and ringside, observing match after match and even visiting world champion Floyd Mayweather’s training facility. “The body will only function as far as the mind,” notes Gyllanhaal. “I didn’t really spend much time doing anything else or socializing in any other way.”

The approach in SOUTHPAW was in line with his standard practice in preparing for performances, seeking to become the character rather than just play it. “After a while what happens is you pick up the molecules of the world that you’re in. I love to make things unconscious as an actor, and that takes time. When you play a character and you’re in the world enough, you carry the molecules of that thing.” From preparation to the completion of shooting, Gyllenhaal developed an overwhelming respect for what actual boxers must endure mentally and physically. “There is a legitimate question of life and death when you step in that ring that’s unlike pretty much any sport and anything in society with the exception of going into the military,” he observes. “I think in a way it’s a beautiful metaphor for life in that you come into the ring on your own, you leave that way and the journey is yours. As a fight fan, to watch the strength it takes to be a professional fighter – the will, the preparation, the discipline and the artistry – is really moving to me.” Fuqua shares a similar, if not even greater, passion and respect for the sport. SOUTHPAW is not the first set of his on which he trained as a fighter; in fact, he makes sure there’s a ring and a gym on hand at each of his film shoots. “I find boxers to be the most vulnerable of all athletes of all because they leave a piece of themselves in the ring every time. “

Claybon also worked with cast members Victor Ortiz, Miguel Gomez, Forest Whitaker and Rachel McAdams.

While Ortiz and Gomez are actual boxers on the professional and amateur levels, respectively, Whitaker and McAdams felt it was equally important for them to understand the world of fighting through Claybon’s expertise.

Playing Tick Willis, the humble but tough trainer who’s there to guide Billy when no one else will, Whitaker was tasked with shaping a very particular sort of character. While he serves as a mentor and ultimately a savior for Billy, he privately carries demons of his own. “Working with Forest on the character Tick was really different because Forest knows a lot of martial arts, but different styles, so he really had to pick it up fast,” remarks Claybon. “For the mental part, he watched the fights, he studied the game and he really did his homework to take the character to another level.” In the end, Whitaker’s goal was to paint a picture of Tick as the inspiration for Billy to become a more patient boxer, resilient to his own rage, keen on defensive skills and understanding of his own accountability. Sutter, who worked with Whitaker on THE SHIELD, had breakfast with the actor to discuss the role of Tick, but the two ended up talking about samurais for an hour and a half instead. “Forest is a very spiritual cat,” notes Sutter. “He loves the idea of playing these characters that are sort of samurai masters and spiritual gurus who guide without guiding.”  For McAdams, it was crucial to not just play the role of Billy’s wife Maureen, but to tackle it with an understanding of the sport as a real-life wife like her would have had. Says Claybon, “Rachel wanted to really feel and understand what a fighter goes through so she can get an understanding of, when her husband’s in there fighting, what he’s going through. She was taking boxing with me so she could get gutted out, per se, and get a real feel of what it takes to be a fighter.” Adds Fuqua on McAdam’s character preparation: “When she says ‘You’re taking too many punches,’ she actually understands that because she was around it so much.”

Two other key pre-production decisions that Fuqua needed to tackle were filling the roles of Leila, Billy and Maureen’s precocious, loving and intelligent daughter, and Jordan Mains, Billy’s lifelong friend and manager. Gyllenhaal attended a New York casting session with Fuqua and introduced himself to the kids there, under the director’s instruction, in character as Billy. The two knew instantly upon meeting 12 year-old stage and screen actress Oona Laurence that she was the Leila they needed. Laying out a set of dolls and explaining them to Gyllenhaal in a British accent without flinching, Laurence convinced the actor and director that no one else could play her part. “I needed a kid who could handle Jake and not be scared of him,” says Fuqua.  “And she went toe-to-toe with him.” He had been in talks with artist and entrepreneur Curtis “50 Cent” Jackson for a long time about working on a film together, but had yet to be able to find the proper role for him. After noticing that Jackson had gotten into the business of boxing promotion with his company SMS Promotions and spending time with athletes such as Floyd Mayweather, he realized he might fit into plans for SOUTHPAW. Reading the part of Jordan in Sutter’s script again, the filmmaker felt that like every other actor in the film, whoever played this role had to do so with immense authenticity. “I needed Jordan to be a guy that’s in the grey,” he notes. “He’s not a bad guy – he’s a businessman. That’s 50.” The two met, along with Gyllenhaal, at the Church Street Boxing Gym in New York for a few hours to discuss boxing and business, made a phone call to executive producer Harvey Weinstein, and a decision was made: 50 Cent would play Jordan.

 

Principal photography for SOUTHPAW took a total of approximately forty days from mid-June to mid-August 2014, with the film primarily shot in the cities of Pittsburgh and Indiana, Pennsylvania, and additional shorter filming periods in New York City and Las Vegas’ Caesar’s Palace. In order to compliment many of the actors’ sharply honed skills, Fuqua and Director of Photography Mauro Fiore chose to bring HBO Boxing’s longtime camera operators Todd Palladino and Rick Cypher in to shoot the film’s matches. Adding to the real feel of the fight sequences were legendary HBO Boxing commentators Jim Lampley and Roy Jones, Jr. along with veteran boxing referee Tony Weeks. The Kovalchick Center in Indiana, PA, which is part of the Indiana University of Pennsylvania, was dressed as Caesar’s Palace and Madison Square Garden during the first two weeks of filming for the movie’s three main matches. With this particular team assembled, it became more clear than ever that Fuqua’s number one goal was authenticity. While Claybon carefully trained the actors playing fighters and painstakingly choreographed every match, the director was adamant that the boxing sequences be played out to look and feel as real as possible. He recalls: “I told Jake, ‘We’re going to capture every moment. So if you’re tired or you pass out or you vomit, it’s going to be on film.’ And I told my DP Mauro, ‘There’s no re-lighting. They don’t re-light Madison Square Garden or the fights in Vegas.”

Palladino and Cypher, who together have a combined almost forty years of experience filming fights for HBO, found that their expertise went beyond just mere camerawork. The two, who previously had worked on THE FIGHTER and GRUDGE MATCH, shot the film’s boxing scenes exactly as they would have for actual television. Under Fuqua’s direction and quest for authenticity, the matches were enacted in three-minute rounds, just as they would in a real fight. Palladino and Cypher used four to five cameras in their setups, with some dedicated to the look of an HBO televised match, and some for fulfilling Fuqua and Fiore’s more stylized vision and tighter shots. Moreover, they served as parts of the collective group who advised Fuqua on details even more than anticipated. “I think it’s very smart on the part of the producers and Antoine to bring Tony Weeks, Jim Lampley, Roy Jones, Rick and me in to help on the fight sequences,” comments Palladino. “We bring in some of the authenticity that relates to the ring: how to place the ring card girls, how a fighter would walk out of the walk-out area for his intro, where the judges would sit, where the security guards would stand, and so forth.” Adds Lampley of his time on set with Fuqua: “We sat down and eventually we’d start talking boxing. I’d look at my watch and wonder if I was wasting Antoine’s time talking about what happened between Michael Nunn and James Tony in Davenport, Iowa in the early ‘90s, or if it was worth it. By and large, it was worth it because we were learning from each other and informing the venture as we went along.”