Film Theory: Authorship (Auteurism)

Directors are one variable element in the total Hollywood cinematic institution.

They are responsible for some of the contradictions in the system, since their relationship is not directly tied to the commercialism of the whole.

However, they are by and large implicated in the system (commercially, financially and ideologically), and their ideology reflects in some ways the system.

The concept of authorship implies a certain autonomy to specific directors; it arose in the late 1950s, originating in France (hence often the French word auteur is used); a director’s work was now analyzed for its common elements. said to reflect the individual’s special “world view.”

Some critics are now questioning the validity of this way of discussing directors because of the special way that cinema works, as an apparatus.

Source: Kaplan