Film Movements: Theory and Practice–Tudor

Research in Progress (April 13, 2021)

Cinema and Society: Film Movements, Tudor

The relation between cinema and society:

The consequences of movies for society

The consequences of society for the movies.

The reduction of a phenomenon to its social structural base.

The intellectual roots for studying the social structural determinants of film are in the European tradition of the sociology of knowledge and art (a tradition largely deriving from Marxist theory).

Any account of a film movement begins and ends with specific historical events. But there may be processes common to a range of comparable cases, recognizable patterns of determination.

The very act of labeling confirms their distinctive status: German expressionism, Italian neo-realism; the Soviet case has no one name (Soviet Montage)

Each of the waves began after a major war.

German expressionism after WWI

Soviet dynamic realism after the 1917 Revolution and Civil War.

Italian neo-realism after WWII.


The interval between the War and the beginning of the Wave

Germany: Dr. Caligari, 1918

Russia: Strike, 1925

Italy: Obsessions, 1942