American Cinema: Directors and Directions, 1927-2022

Updated August 28, 2020

My study of the American Cinema, 1927 to 2022, divides film directors of the past 95 years into three sub-groups:

  1. 1927-1966: the studio era (directors under contract), about 69 years
  2. 1967-2022: post-studio era (directors working in mainstream Hollywood), about 55 years
  3. 1975-2020: independent cinema

 

AMERICAN CINEMA (Studio System), 1929-1966

 

A (5)

Aldrich, Robert (1918-1983)

Allen, Lewis

Annakin, Ken (1914-2009)

Arnold, Jack (1916-1992)

Arzner, Dorothy (1997-1979)

 

B (13)

Bacon, Lloyd (1890-1955)

Beaumont, Harry (1888-1966)

Benedict, Laslo (1907-1992)

Berkeley, Busby (1895-1976)

Bernhardt, Curtis (1898-1981)

Boetticher, Budd (1916-2001)

Boleslavsky, Richard (1889-1937)

Borzage, Frank (1893-1962)

Braham, John (1898-1982)

Brooks, Richard (1912-1992)

Brown, Clarence (1890-1987)

Browning, Todd (1882-1962)

Butler, David (1894-1979)

 

C (6)

Capra, Frank (1897-1991)

Cardiff, Jack (1914-

Chaplin, Charlie (1889-1997)

Cromwell, John (1888-1979)

Cruz, James (1884-1942)

Curtiz, Michael (1888-1962)

 

D (9)

Da Costa, Morton (1914-1989)

Dassin, Jules (1911-

Daves, Delmar (1904-1977)

DeMille, Cecil B. (1881-1959)

De Tot, Andre

Dieterle, William (1893-1972)

Dmytryk, Edward (1908-1999)

Donen, Stanley (1924-2019)

Douglas, Gordon, 1909-1993)

 

E (2)

Endfield, Cy (1914-1995)

Enright, Ray (1896-1965)

 

F (7)

Farrow, John (1904-1963)

Fitzmaurice, George (1885-1940)

Fleischer, Richard (1916-2006)

Fleming, Victor (1883-1949)

Ford, John (1895-1973)

Franklin, Sidney (1893-1972)

Fuller, Samuel (1911-

 

G (7)

Garnett, Tay (1894-1977)

Glenville, Peter (1913-

Gordon, Michael (1909-1993)

Gould, Edmund (1891-1959)

Green, Alfred E. (1889-1960)

Griffith, D. W. (1875-1948)

Guillermin, John (1923-

 

H (6)

Hamilton, Guy (1922-

Hathaway, Henry (1898-1985)

Hawks, Howard (1896-1977)

Heisler, Stewart (1894-1979)

Hall, Alexander (1894-1960)

Huston, John (1906-1987)

 

I

 

J

 

K (6 directors)

Kazan, Elia (1909-2003)

Keighley, William (1889-1984)

Kershner, Irvin (1923-

King, Henry (1888-1982)

Koster, Henry (1905-1988)

Kramer, Stanley (1913-2001)

 

L (

La Cava, Gregory (1892-1952)

Lang Fritz (1890-1976)

Lang, Walter (1898-1972)

Lean, David (

Leisen, Mitchell (1897-1972)

Leonard, Robert Z. (1889-1968)

Leroy, Mervyn (1900-1987)

Litvak, Anatole (1902-1974)

Lloyd, Frank (1889-1960)

Logan, Joshua (1908-1988)

Losey, Joseph (1909-1984)

Lubitsch, Ernst (1892-1947)

Lupino, Ida

 

M (

McCarey, Leo (1898-1969)

McLeod, Norman Z. (1898-1964)

Mackendrick, Alexander (1912-1993)

Mamoulian, Rouben (1898-

Mankiewicz, Joseph L. (1909-1993)

Mann, Anthony (1906-1967)

Mann, Daniel (1912-1991)

Mann, Delbert (1920-

Marshall, George (1891-1975)

Mate, Rudolph (1898-1964)

Mayo, Archie (1891-

Menzies, W.C. (1896-1957)

Miller, David (1909-1992)

Milestone (1895-1980)

Murnau, F. W. (1888-1931)

 

N (2)

Negulesco,  (1900-1994)

Nelson, Ralph (1916-1987)

 

O (

 

P (8)

Parrish, Robert (1916-1995)

Preminger, Otto (1906-1986)

 

Q

Quine, Richard (1920-1989)

 

R (4)

Rapper, Irving (1898-1999)

Reed, Carol (1906-1976)

Rossen, Robert (1908-1966)

Rush, Richard (1929-

 

S (10)

Sandrich, Mark (1900-1945)

Seaton, George (1911-1979)

Sherman, Vincent (1906-2006)

Sidney, George (1911-2001)

Siegel, Don (1912-1991)

Sirk, Douglas (

Stahl, John (1886-1950)

Stevens, George (1904-1975)

Sturges, John (1910-1992)

Surges, Preston

 

T (4)

Taurog, Norman (1899-1981)

Tetzloff, Ted (1903-

Thompson, J. Lee (1914-

Tourner, Jacques (1904-1977)

 

U (1)

Ulmer, Edgar (1900-1972)

 

V (4)

Van Dyke, W.S.

Vidor, Charles (1900-1959)

Vidor, King (1894-1982)

Von Stroheim (1885-1957)

 

W (6)

Walsh, Raoul (1887-1980)

Walters, Charles (1911-1982)

Welles, Orson (1915-1985)

Wilder, Billy (

Wood, Sam (1883-1949)

Wyler, William (1902-1981)

 

Y

Yates, Peter (1929-

 

Z

Zinnemann, Fred (1907-

 

AMERICAN CINEMA (1967-2020)

A (7)

Abrahams, Jim (1944-

Allen, Woody (1935-

Altman, Robert (1925-2006)

Apted, Michael (1941-

Ashby, Hal (1936-1988)

Attenborough, Richard  (1923-2014)

Avildsen, John (1936-

 

B (15)

Badham, John (1939-

Ballard, Carroll (1937-

Bay, Michael (1965-

Becker, Harold (1950-

Beresford, Bruce (1940-

Benton, Robert (1932-

Biegelow, Kathryn (1952-

Bogdanovich, Peter (1939-

Boorman, John (1933-

Boyle, Danny

Brooks, James L. (1940-

Brooks, Mel (1926-

Branagh, Kenneth (1960-

Brest, Martin (1951-

Burton, Tim (1958-

 

C

Cameron, James (1954-

Carpenter, John (1948-

Casavetes, John (1948-

Cimino, Michael (1943-

Clayton, Jack (1921-1995)

Coolidge, Martha (1946-

Coppola, Francis Ford (1939-

Crave, Wes (1939-

Cronenberg, David (

Crowe, Cameron (1957-

Cuaron, Alfonso,

 

D (

Dante, Joe

Darabont, Frank

Davies, Andrew (1947-

De Bont, Jan (1943-

Demme, Jonathan (1944-2018)

De Palma, Brian (1940-

Donner, Richard (1939-

 

E (3)

Eastwood, Clint (1930-

Edwards, Blake (1922-

Emmerich, Roland (1955-

 

F (5)

Figgis, Mike (1949-

Friedkin, William (1935-

Forman, Milos (1932-

Fosse, bob (1927-1987)

Frankenheimer, John (1930-2002)

 

G (1)

Greengrass, Paul (1956-

 

H (14)

Hackford, Taylor (1944-

Haines, Randa (1945-

Hallstrom, Lasse (1946-

Hancock, John (1939-

Hansen, Curtis (1945-2016)

Harvey, Anthony (1931-

Hellman, Monte (1932-

Hill, George Roy (1922-2002)

Hiller, Arthur (

Hill, Walter (1942-

Holland, Agniezska (1948-

Howard, Ron (1954-

Hughes, John (1950-2009)

Hudson, Hugh (1936-

 

I (1)

Ivory, James (1928-

 

J (5)

Jackson, PeterJewison, Norman (1926-

Joffe, Roland (1945-

Johnson, Lamont (1922

Johnson, Nunnally (1897-1977)

Jordan, Neil (1950-

 

K (4)

Kaplan, Jonathan (1947-

Kasdan, Lawrence (1949-

Kaufman, Philip (1936-

Kubrick, Stanley (1928-1999)

 

L (7)

Lee, Ang

Lester, Richard (1932-

Levinson, Barry (1942-

Lucas, George (1944-

Luhrman, Baz (

Lumet, Sidney (1924-2011)

Lyne, Adrian (1941-

 

M (9)

Malick, Terrence (1943-

Malle, Louis (1932-1995)

Mann, Michael (1943-

Marshall, Gary (1934-2016)

Marshall, Penny (1942-2018)

Mazursky, Paul (1930-2014)

Milius, John (1944-

Miller, George (1945-

Mulligan, Robert (1925-

 

N (3)

Newell, Mike (1942-

Nichols, Mike (1931-2014)

Noyce, Philip (1950-

 

P (7)

Pakula, Alan (1928-1978)

Parker, Alan (1944-

Parks, Gordon (1912-

Peckinpah, Sam (1925-1984)

Penn, Arthur (1922-

Perry, Frank (1930-1995)

Polanski, Roman (

 

R (12)

Rafelson, Bob (1935-

Raimi, Sam (1960-

Redford, Robert (1936-

Reiner, Bob (1945-

Reisz, Karel (1926-

Richardson, Tony (1928-

Ritt, Martin (1914-1990)

Robson, Mark (1913-1978)

Roeg, Nicholas (1928-2018)

Ross, Herbert (1927-2001)

Rush, Richard (

Rydell, Mark (1934-

 

S (12)

Schaffner, Franklin (1920-

Schlesinger, John (1926-2003)

Schrader, Paul (1946-

Scorsese, Martin (1942-

Scott, Ridley (1937-

Sena, Dominic (1949-

Shelton, Ron (1945-

Sheridan, Jim (1949-

Shyamalan, M. Night

Sonenfeld, Barry

Spielberg, Steven (1946-

Stone, Oliver (1946-

 

T (3)

Tamahori, Lee (1950-

Tashlin, Frank (1913-1972)

Toback, James (1944-

U

 

V

Verhoeven, Paul (1938-

W (2)

Wang, Wayne (1949-

Weir, Peter (1944-

Z (1)

Zemeckis, Robert (1952-

Zieff, Howard (1943-

Zucker, David (1947-

Zucker, Jerry (1952-

Zwig, Edward (1952-

Independents:

Almereyda, Michael (1960-

Anders, Allison (1958-

Anderson, Brad

Anderson, Paul Thomas (1970-

Anderson, Wes

Aronofsky, Darren (1970-

Bartel, Paul (1938-2000)

Brooks, Albert (1947-

Burnett, Charles (1944-

Campion, Jane (1954-

Coen, Joel (195

Coen, Ethan

Cox, Alex (1954-

Dahl, John (1956-

Drazan, Anthony (1955-

Ferrara, Abel (1952-

Foley, James (

Franklin, Carl (1949-

Franklin, Howard

Gomez, Nick (1963-

Gordon, Keith (1961-

Graff, Todd

Gray, James

Green, David Gordon (1975-

Haas, Philip (1954-

Hanson, John

Hardwick, Catherine

Hartley, Hal (1959-

Holofcener, Nicole (

Hoffman, Michael (1956-

Hunter, Tim (

Jarmusch, Jim (1953-

Kerrigan, Lodge (1964-

Lee, Spike (1956-

Linklater, Richard (

Lynch, David (1946-

McBride, Jim (1941-

McNaughton, John (1950-

Macdonald, Kevin

Mangold, James (1964-

Morrissey, Paul (1939-

Munch, Christopher (1962-

Nair, Mira (1957-

Nunez, Victor (1945-

Pellington, Mark (

Penn, Alexander (

Penn, Sean (1960-

Rene, Norman (   -1996); gay indie

Robbins, Tim (1958-

Romero, George (1940-

Ruben, Joseph (

Rudolph, Alan (1943-

Russell, David O. (1958-

Sayles, John (1950-

Smith, Kevin

Soderbergh, Steven (1963-

Solondz, Todd (

Stillman, Whit (1952-

Tarantino, Quentin (1963-

Turturro, John (

Waters, Mark (1946-

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