Petrified Forest, The (1936)

“The Petrified Forest,” Robert E. Sherwood’s popular play, was made into a movie in 1936 by Warner’s reliable helmer Archie Mayo, based on a screenplay by Charles Kenyon and Delmer Daves (who later became a director).

Leslie Howard plays Alan Squier, a British poet-intellectual, who wanders into the Arizona desert service station/restaurant-café owned by Jason Maple (Porter Hall).  Alan is held in suspicion by the owner, but he attracts the attention of Gabriele (Bette Davis), Jason’s sensitive, starry-eyed daughter, who dreams of moving to France.

Boze Hertzlinger (Dick Foran), Gabrielle’s gas-jockey boyfriend, grows jealous of Alan, but the poor Brit has no intention to settle down.  Indeed, he talks the wealthy tourists, the Chisholm (Paul Harvey and Genevieve Tobin), to give him a ride out of the desperate place and start a new life somewhere–anywhere.  But it’s not in his cards.

Later that same day, Alan, Gabrielle, Jason, Boze, and the Chisholm are held hostages at a gunpoint by Duke Mantee (Humphrey Bogart), a notorious killer who had escaped prison, and his gang.

Alan seems indifferent to the danger, toasting Duke as “the last great apostle of rugged individualism.” Sensing an opportunity to give his life meaning, Alan takes Duke aside, begging the outlaw to kill him so that Gabrielle can travel to Paris on the money provided by Alan’s insurance policy.

But Duke announces that he intends to the Chisholms as a shield in order to make his escape. When Alan tries to stop him, he gets shot down.  “So long, pal,” growls Duke fatalistically, moments before finding his own death, “I’ll be seein’ ya soon.”  Alan dies in Gabrielle’s arms, knowing that she will be able to escape her shabby existence.

On Broadway, Sherwood’s play The Petrified Forest co-starred Leslie Howard and Humphrey Bogart. Initially, Warner intended to cast Edward G. Robinson in Duke’s role, but Howard threatened to drop out if the role is not assigned to Bogart.

The film version did not catapult Bogart to major stardom but served as a turning point, a break, in his otherwise slow-moving screen career.

Years later, Bogart was able to express his gratitude to Howard by naming his daughter (with wife-actress Lauren Bacall) Leslie Bogart. One year after “The Petrified Forest,” Bogart and Leslie Howard co-starred in “The Stand-In.”

As a movie, “The Petrified Forest” betrays its theatrical origins (it’s still a play), but it served as a good acting vehicle for the three leads: Howard, Davis, and Bogart, all of whom would achieve greater heights in future Hollywood movies.

TV Revival

Bogart made his first and only TV appearance, playing Duke Mantee in a revival of “The Petrified Forest,” recreating a role he had played opposite Bette David in Warner’s 1936 version.  The telecast, which took place on May 30, 1955, got a lot of publicity due to the casting.  Lauren Bacall, Bogart’s wife, played the Davis’ part, and Henry Fonda stepped into the role that Leslie Howard had played with great success.

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