Bernardo Bertolucci wrote and directed The Conformist, an extraordinarily rich adaptation of the Alberto Moravia story about an upper-class follower of Mussolini.
Though the saga is set in 1938, Bertolucci’s view isn’t so much a reconstruction of the past as an infusion from it.
International star Jean-Louis Trintignant (“A Man and a Woman,” “Z”) plays an aristocratic fascist, an intelligent coward–and repressed homosexual–who sacrifices everything he cares about, including his morals and best friend, because he wants the safety of normality and acceptability.
Stefania Sandrelli is cast as his corrupt, empty-headed wife, and Dominique Sanda plays the lesbian he would like to run away with.
“The Conformist” was controversial at the time due to its psycho-sexual approach to the fascist protagonist–and to history. However, what was beyond doubt was the film’s spectacular visuals and sensuous texture. The Conformist is a triumph of feeling and of style–lyrical, operatic style that leaves some indelible images for the viewers.
The remarkable technical values of the film were the product of ace cinematographer Vittorio Storaro, who later worked with Coppola and won an Oscar Award for Best Cinematography for “Apocalypse Now.” Judging by its production values, i’s hard to believe that the film cost only $750,000.
Upon release, in 1970, the film immediately became an international hit, and established Bertolucci as one of the most brilliant directors of the international cinema. Bertolucci was nominated for the Adapted Screenplay Oscar, but lost to Ernst Tidyman’s screenplay for “The French Connection,” in a competitive year that also included the scripts for Kubrick’s “A Clockwork Orange,” Vittorio De Sica’s “The Gardens of the Finzi-Continis,” and Bogdanovich’s “The Last Picture Show,” co-written by Larry McMurtry.
Bertolucci also directed “The Last Tango in Paris” (1972) with Marlon Brando, and “The Last Emperor,” which won the 1987 Oscar Awards for Best Picture and Best Director.
Oscar Nominations: 1
Screenplay (Adapted): Bernardo Bertolucci
Oscar Awards: None
The winner of the Adapted Screenplay Oscar was Ernest Tudyman for “The French Connection,” which swept most of the Oscars that year.