Around the World in 80 Days (1956)

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Mike Todd's "Around the World in 80 Days" was the second adventure movie to win the Best Picture Oscar, in a year full of big and prestige productions, such as "The Ten Commandments," "Giant," and "The King and I," all vying for the top prize. 1956 marks the first year in Oscar's history, in which all five Best Picture nominees were in color.

Todd, who earlier helped the development of Cinerama, was not immersed in getting his own wide-screen process, Todd-AO, which produced sharper imagery than the previous innovation. While Around the World was not the first film to use Todd-AO, it put the new technology to better effect into a globe-trotting travelogue that took audiences to exotic locales.

Though directed by Brit Michael Anderson, it was Todd who put his stamp on the film, based on Jules Verne's bestseller, about a Victorian gentleman (David Niven) and his valet (Mexican star Cantinflas), who go around the world in 80 days on a wager.

Niven's Phileas Fogg makes a bet with his fellow club members in London that he can encircle the globe in 80 days. Fogg is accompanied by his bumbling valet, and along the way meets or picks up an assortment of colorful figures, like a wandering princess (Shirley MacLaine), while being pursued by a London detective (Robert Newton), who believes that Fogg has robbed the Bank of England. Using every possible means of transportation, Fogg travels by train, ship, hot-air balloon, and even elephant across Europe, India, Japan, the U.S. and the Atlantic.

The film was budgeted at $7 million, way above the average at the time, and from the beginning, was touted as a spectacular event, with a running time of 175 minutes, rather than just a movie. This was largely due to the over 100 settings and sets and Todd's aggressive yet savvy publicity while the movie was being shot and after it premiered.

The adventure features over 50 cameo appearances of famous stars, such as Charles Boyer, Marlene Dietrich, Ronald Colman, Buster Keaton, Cesar Romero, and Frank Sinatra. For most viewers, spotting the stars was the major fun. The movie set the trend of using big stars in small cameo roles, as was later demonstrated in the war epic The Longest Day, the Western anthology How the West Was Won, and the cycle of disaster movies in the 1970s.

The production was troubled from the get-go, when director John Farrow was fired and replaced by Michael Anderson. The screenplay, eventually credited to James Poe, John Farrow, and S.J. Perelman, was also problematic. Todd had to abide by the ruling of the Writers Guild, when he tried to deny credit to Farrow. Nominated for eight Oscars, Around the World won five: Picture, Adapted screenplay, Color Cinematography, Editing, and Musical Score. Perelman, better known as humorist and magazine pieces, had done the Marx brothers Monkey Business and Horse Feathers; Around the World became his last screenplay. Composer Victor Young was nominated 21 times before winning the Oscar, which was awarded to him posthumously since he died just before the Oscar ceremonies.

Michael Anderson, who took over from Farrow, began his career in England where he was assistant director on Pygmalion and In Which We Serve. His work after Around the World was unmemorable except for the sci-fi film, Logans Run.

"Around the World in 80 Days" played for over one year in New York City alone. Ranking second among the year's top-grossing films, following "The Ten Commandments," the picture was the most commercially popular Oscar-winner until "Ben-Hur" came out, in 1959.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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