The great Judy Garland had experienced several Oscar defeats. Of her first nomination, for Cukor’s brilliant drama, “A Star Is Born” (1954)), in the lead category, biographer Gerold Frank writes: “It was inevitable that Judy be nominated, with almost everyone agreeing she was sure to get it. Though Judy had received a juvenile award for “The Wizard of Oz,” in 1939, this was the real thing, and if it were to come true, what a triumph after everything.”
In 1961, Judy was nominated for the Supporting Actress Oscar for "Judgment at Nuremebrg," directed by Stanley Kramer. Once again, she lost, this time around to Rita Moreno, who benfited from the sweep factor of the musical "West Side Sttory."