John Wayne: Screen Ladies–From Claire Trevor to Katharine Hepburn

The sex image of a movie star is defined, shaped and promoted, among other things, by the kinds of screen ladies he is paired with. For the most part, John Wayne’s leading ladies were not Hollywood’s sex goddesses.

Early on, a frequent lady was Claire Trevor, with whom John Wayne made three films, Stagecoach, Allegheney Uprising,” and Dark Command.” Many remember them as a team because of the importance of Stagecoach to Wayne’s sex appeal and future career.

Wayne looked extremely good in the three movies he made with Marlene Dietrich in her post-Josef von Sternberg’s era: Seven Sinners,” The Spoilers,” and Pittsburgh.” The contrast between Dietrich’s worldly sophisticated women and Wayne’s shyly awkward men was particularly endearing because it brought out the best of their respective screen personae.

By comparison, Wayne’ s movies with Susan Hayward, Reap the Wild Wind” and The Fighting Seabees,” before either of them was a star, did little to promote Wayne’s sex image, and their last film together, The Conqueror,” was downright embarrassing.

Maureen O’Hara: Wayne’s Favorite Partner

The chemistry between Wayne and Maureen O’Hara worked well from the start, on screen and off; they became close friends. Wayne described her as his favorite screen lady, “a big, lusty, wonderful gal,” in short “my kind of gal.” And she regarded him as “the softest, kindest, warmest, most loyal human being I’ve ever known.”

Their relationship was like “brother and sister,” O’Hara said. They were often mistaken as a romantic pair off screen because of their five films together. O’Hara promoted his public image whenever she could: “Wayne is not interested in anything less than l00 percent woman because he’s l00 percent man.” Or “Duke is what the world thinks the American male is, and what a shame they’re not.” O’Hara said she could not count “the number of places I’ve been where they’ve asked me about Duke,” and that “men want to know as much about him as women.”

In the middle phase of his career, Wayne was cast against young and attractive stars, most notably Angie Dickinson (Rio Bravo”), Capucine (North to Alaska”), Elsa Martinelli (Hatari!”), Donna Reed (Trouble Along the Way”), and Martha Hyer (The Sons of Katie Elder”).

Wayne’s Stronger and Older Women

In his last decade, Wayne was paired with stronger and older actresses, such as Patricia Neal (In Harm’s Way”), Colleen Dewhurst (The Cowboys, McQ”), Lauren Bacall (The Shootist”), and Katharine Hepburn (Rooster Cogburn”).

Wayne was much more powerful and convincing as an actor when playing against strong-willed and intelligent actresses. His casting against mature women promoted the critic Molly Haskell to observe: “How many other maturing male stars have allowed themselves to be paired with women who were roughly their contemporaries, instead of dropping back one generation, then another”

Haskell’s statement is not exactly accurate, for most of Wayne’s co-stars, with the exception of Katharine Hepburn, were at least a generation his juniors. But she is right about the appeal of these stars: none was the typical Hollywood glamour queen.

Wayne was more aware of his progressing age and declining looks than other actors, as he said in 1957: “My problem is I’m not a handsome man like Cary Grant, who will still be handsome at sixty five.” “I may be able to do a few more man-woman things before it’s too late, but then what” He was therefore determined not to play “silly old man chasing young girls, as some of the stars are doing.”

For the most part, he did not. In only a few movies, Wayne looked ridiculous, courting much younger women, as, for example, in Donovan’s Reef,” in which his romantic interest was Elizabeth Allen, a former fashion model half his age. Wayne conceded that, “Ford never should have used me in that picture.” “He should have picked some young guy,” he explained, “It didn’t require much of him. All he had to be was a good-looking young guy, and I wasn’t young enough.”

Another movie, exceptional in the incredulous way it treats Wayne’s sex appeal was McQ,” in which he is pursued by women half his age. Pauline Kael found it absurd that “women are all hot for this sex pot,” and that Colleen Dewhurst, playing a lonely waitress, had to apologize for being fat and ugly before dragging him to bed.

But other critics thought that Wayne still possessed “a more extensive sexual range than younger, ostensibly hipper studs like Paul Newman and Robert Redford.” Describing Wayne as “the last movie star to make respect sexy,” Jack Kroll claimed there was “plenty of eroticism in the Duke, but it’s a friendly eroticism that takes any woman on her own terms.”

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